|Divisional Headquarters & City Corporation|
|Nickname(s): Green City|
|Establishment||16 December 1769|
|City Corporation||1 July 2012|
|• Body||Rangpur City Corporation|
|• City Mayor||Sharfuddin Ahmed Jhantu|
|• Metro||204 km2 (79 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|Population (2012 (est))|
|• Divisional Headquarters & City Corporation||650,000|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|National Calling Code||+880|
Rangpur (Bengali: রংপুর) is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division. Rangpur is one of the oldest municipality in Bangladesh, and was established in the year 1869. Rangpur was declared a district headquarters on 16 December 1769. The municipal office building was erected in 1892 under the precedence Raja Janaki Ballav, Sen. Chairman of the municipality. During the period of 1890, "Shyama sundari khal" was excavated for improvement of the town. The Municipality is located in the north western part of Bangladesh. A Recently established public university of Bangladesh named "Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur" is situated in the southern part of the city. Previously, Rangpur was the headquarters of Greater Rangpur district. Later the Greater Rangpur district was broken down into the Rangpur, Kurigram, Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat and Gaibandha districts.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Climate
- 5 Economy
- 6 Places of interest
- 6.1 Tajhat Palace
- 6.2 Carmichael College
- 6.3 Town Hall
- 6.4 Jadu Nibash
- 6.5 Shyampur
- 6.6 Teesta Barage
- 6.7 Bhinno Jogot
- 6.8 Anondo Nogor
- 6.9 Zoo
- 6.10 Binodon Uddyan
- 6.11 Teesta Bridge
- 6.12 Pairabondh
- 6.13 Mithapukura Mosque (Masjid)
- 6.14 Kellaband Mosque (Masjid)
- 6.15 Pirgacha Landlord House
- 6.16 Devi Caudhuranir Jamindar Bari
- 6.17 Itakumari Jamindar Bari
- 6.18 Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari
- 6.19 Pirgachha
- 6.20 Chicli vata
- 6.21 Other Places
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 Media
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Dialect
- 12 Sports
- 13 Notable people
- 14 Gallery
- 15 Sister cities
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Rangpur was conquered by the army of Raja Man Singh, a commander of the Mughal emperor, Akbar, in 1575, but it was only until 1686 that it was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire. Names of places like Mughalbasa (literal meaning being a locality of the Mughals), and Mughalhat (literal meaning a "local market" organized by the Mughals) bear testimony to the Mughal Association and past of Rangpur and its hinterland. Later on, Rangpur passed under the control of "Sarker" of Ghoraghat. During the period of the British East India Company, the Sannyasi Rebellion took place. Rangapur Ghoraghat has been mentioned in the Riyaz-us-Salatin. During the early period of the company rule fakir-sannyasi resistance and peasant rebellion were held in Rangpur.
Total population of Rangpur is 2534365, male 50.92%, female 49.08%. Islam is the predominant religion in Rangpur. Hinduism is the second largest religion in Rangpur. Muslim 89.60%, Hindu 9.59%, Christian 0.50% and others 0.31%; ethnic nationals: Santal and Orao. Among the Muslims the percentage of the salafi are a bit higher than most districts of Bangladesh.
Rangpur is one of seven divisions and is composed of eight districts of the northern Bangladesh. The District of Rangpur is bordered on the north by Nilphamari District, on the south by Gaibandha District, on the east by Kurigram, and on the west by Dinajpur district. Rangpur town is the divisional headquarters. The soil composition is mainly alluvial soil (80%) of the Teesta River basin, and the remaining is barind soil. The temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius to 11 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2931 mm. Rangpur town, covering an area of around 43 square kilometers, lies on the bank of the Ghaghat river, and was turned into a municipality back in 1869. The population of the Rangpur municipality as of 2006 is 251,699, with 52% male and 48% female, and the literacy rate is 54.6%. Establishment of Rangpur City Corporation, as Divisional City is now under way after the establishment of Rangpur Division in January 2010. The area of Rangpur City Corporation is estimated to be around 203 square kilometer accommodating about 6 million population by next Census of 2011. Rangpur city would be the fifth largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka (125 million), Chittagong (30 million), Khulna (10 million) and Rajshahi (8 million) estimated population by the next 2011 census.
Rangpur has a tropical wet and dry climate. The climate of Rangpur is generally marked with monsoons, high temperature, considerable humidity and heavy rainfall. The hot season commences early in April and continues till July. The maximum mean temperature observed is about 32 to 36 °C (90 to 97 °F) during the months of May, June July and August and the minimum temperature recorded in January is about 7 to 16 °C (45 to 61 °F). The highest rainfall is observed during the months of monsoon. The annual rainfall in the district is about 1,448 millimetres (57.0 in).
|Climate in Rangpur|
|Average Temperature (°C)||13.5°||15.5°||19°||21°||21.5°||23°||22°||23°||21.5°||22.5°||18.5°||16°|
|Source: |[National news papers]|
From the ancient times Rangpur is a land of agriculture. Several agricultural products are the major driving power of the economy of this district such as rice, jute (called the golden fiber of Bangladesh), wheat, tobacco, potato etc. During winter season, when ground water level is usually lower than rainy season, peoples use irrigation system to cultivate several high yielding varies of rice to keep the economy strong of this district. Several cold storage are also adding value to the economy of this district by preserving agricultural products especially potato during the hot summer season.
The city is the commercial hub for the surrounding districts. The city centre has number of government and private banks, insurance companies, residential hotels, Chinese and Indian restaurants, fast food, sweet shops, gift shop and many more. It is one of most important economic zone in Bangladesh, because of its global positioning.
Places of interest
Tajhat Palace is located at Tajhat, the southern end of Rangpur city. It was the earlier high court building established in 1984 called the Tajhat, a former zamindar's palace. After the end of the British Raj, the building was abandoned and decayed rapidly, although it was used for a few years as a courthouse during the 1980s. In 2004, it was largely restored and turned into a museum which hosts a collection of Blackstone Hindu carvings, calligraphic art from the Mughal period and other objects d'art and coins from the area on display. Due to lack of funding, the museum is sometimes closed. There were a fairly large number of eminent Zamindar families at Tajhat. Dimla, Kankina, Manthana, Pirganj, Bardhankot, ete in the district of Rangpur. They had magnificent and beautiful palaces of which the Tajhat Palace is most famous. Manna lal ray the founder of the family was Hindu khatri and an adherent of the Sikh which at that time, was obliged to emigrate from the Punjab and settled at Mahiganj, Profession it is believed that from the conspicuous appearance of his Taj or jeweled crown his estate derived the name of Tajhat manna lal ray, gradually be quire huge ladled properties in Rangpur his grandson Dhanapat ray. A grand Daughter of ratanlal ray of nya dumka, who was another Punjabi immigrant. Dhanapat ray’s Grandson Upendra lel ray died at an early age and the estate there fore came into the possession of his uncle Giridharlal ray who was a Munsift Giridhari lal having no issue adopted Govinda Lal of Kolkata who success Ed to the Estate in 1879. He was a man of great public spirit and Liberality because of which he was conferred with the title of Raja in 1835, Raja Bahadur in 1892 and Maharaja in 1896 he metro largest death by being buried alive under the debris of his own during the devastating earthquake of 1897. He was succeeded by his son Maharaja kumar Gopal lal ray in 1908. The place is situated three km on the south–east outskirts of the town of Rangpur. Probably this place was built by Maha Raja Kumar Gopal lal Ray in the beginning of the 20th century from 1984 to 1991. The palace was used as a Rangpur high Court branch of the Bangladesh Supreme court in 1995. The palace was declared as a Protected monument by the department of archeology. recognizing its outstanding archeological value the government of Bangladesh decided to shift the Rangpur museum here in 2002. Accordingly the palace in being partly used as Rangpur museum since 2005.
Carmichael College is one of the old colleges in Bangladesh established in 1916. The main attraction of this college is its administrative building (which houses the Bangla department). It is a white two-storied building designed in the style of the buildings of Cambridge University of UK. It is also familiar with its huge campus and natural beauty.
There is an ancient auditorium named 'Town Hall' at the center of the city, where different cultural programs are held.
Located in Radhaballav next to the Rangpur Government College. Home of Late Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia. It is an ancient house, about hundred years old. The house was probably built and owned by Raja Gopal Lal Rai Bahadur at the same time that the Rangpur District Council, Rangpur Town Hall and the famous TajHat Palace buildings were built.
In the great Rangpur region, no economic development took place until the 90s, mainly because of the yearly flooding the region used to see before the making of "Teesta Barrage." The coal is found near this district. There is a large military cantonment in the town.
"Anondo Nogor" is a big theme park and picnic spot which is situated at Pirgang Upazilla. This park is around 25 kilometres away from Rangpur City.
Rangpur central zoo is one of the main amusement and recreation spot of Rangpur city. With an area of 20.27 acre of lush green trees and grasses, the Rangpur zoo is located east side of Hanuman-tola road beside police-line, not far from Rangpur district Administration office. The Zoo has 193 individual animals of 28 species. Many wild animals are available to attract visitors. A few of them are The Bengal tiger, African lion, Black Panther, Rhinoceros, Leopard, Hippopotamus, Peacocks, Alligators, Turtles, Spotted Deer, different kinds of Birds, Snakes and so on.
The Rangpur zoo was built in the 1880s. Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) completed a digital survey and feasibility study of "Dhaka And Rangpur Zoo Modernization Project" to upgrade the facilities to international standard.
"Binodon Uddyan" is a massive park located in the middle of the city. A Shishu Park (children's park), lake and a large restaurant are situated inside of this park.
"Teesta Bridge", is actually two bridges located side by side on the river Teesta it is a beautiful natural beauty of Rangpur district. It is located in the Rangpur-Kurigram highway and around 30 kilometers away from the city. The recently built road bridge, the old railway bridge from the British era and the banks of the river are the main attractions. One can enjoy different boat rides here.
Mithapukura Mosque (Masjid)
From Mithapukor pond about half km distance in the side of Rangpur-Mithapukur road it is situated. The masjid is oblong size and it has three domes. Its volume is about 10.66m*4.11m. in front of this masjid beside the surrounded yard there is an entrance door which is made by Bangladeshi local culture. There are also 4 corner towers which are higher than the corner of the roof and finished as a size of kiupola. by dividing the oblongate mosque in three parts with 2 literal vault here it is 3 made semi-round domes. 3 mirhab, the in-front wall, para-pate wall, and the drums of the domes all are designed with beautiful panel, spinach, flower, geometrical sizes and as hoods of snake. From the inscription of the wall it is known that the masjid was made by sheikh Mohammad Asher son of Sheikh Mohammad Saber in 1226 hijri (1801).
Kellaband Mosque (Masjid)
Kellaband Mosque is situated at C.O. Bazar on the north of Rangpur-Dinajpur Highway 02 km north-west of Rangpur town. This three-dome mosque is about 200 years old. A concrete well and an ancient cemetery are lying beside the mosque.
Pirgacha Landlord House
The Manthana Kingdom Estate was established sometime around 1100 AD. Her Royal Highness Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur was the most influential and famous ruler of the kingdom. After the death of His Royal Highness Rajah Rajendra Narayan Roy Choudhury, the Monthana Kingdom Estate was divided into two parts among his two sons Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury and Rajah Bhairab Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur. As a result the landlord house also divided into two parts. After the death of HRH Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury his son HRH Rajah Mahendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded the kingdom. After his death HRH Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded to the throne of the kingdom and was the last crowned king of this kingdom estate. His son HRH Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury was born in 1947 and is the crown prince of the estate. Soon after the birth of HRH Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury, India and East Pakistan got independence from imperial British rule and the partition of Bengal took place. HRH Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur now resides in Kolkata, India with his family. His son HRH Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the kingdom-estate. The Pirgaccha Landlord House popularly known as the Manthana Palace or Manthana Rajbari is a massive structure spread over hundreds of acres of land and houses ponds, lakes, buildings, temples, and various other assets. HRH Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury is the present legal owner of the entire kingdom-estate. The Kachari House of the Manthana Palace is now used as Pirgasha Registrar Office.
Devi Caudhuranir Jamindar Bari
The Landlord-King of Pirgacha sub district HRH Rajah Narendro Narayan Roy Choudhury, son of HRH Rajah Raghabendra Narayan Roy Choudhury died in 1765 without any legacy. Then the wife of the late King, HRH Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur managed the kingdom for three decades. HRH Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani is popularly known as Devi Chaudhurani in history and was one of the most successful and popularly known rulers of the kingdom. During the time of Sanyasi Bidroho (ascetic revolution)for the independence of India, she along with Bhabani Pathak raged war against the British. In this insurgency Collector Richard Gudland and army commander Lieutenant Brenan, scared of the war situatio, forfeited the kingdom from Devi Chaudhurani. However the imperial British could not keep the kingdom forfeited from the illustrious Maharani, and soon after she again came to manage the kingdom and she ruled until 1791. Later in history, the famosu Bengali novelist, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhay, who also happened to be the Collector of Rangpur and under the employment of the British rule, wrote the famous novel Devi Chaudhurani to portray her as a dacoit-queen. The novel has been adapted into very famous movies with the 1974 movie starring Suchitra Sen in the lead. And National Award winning director Rituporno Ghosh is adapting the novel into another movie in recent times, in which Aishwaria Rai Bacchan will play the lead role of Devi Chaudhurani. However the novel has tarnished the characted and image of Her Royal Highness Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani to a great extent. His Royal Highness Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur was the last king of the kingdom-estate. An earthquake damaged much of the palace built by Devi Chaudhurani. However the palace was rebuilt several times and is a sprawling structure spread over several hundreds of acres. The property, land and the assets of the estate kingdom is presently legally owned by Her Royal Highness Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury of Rangpur, who lives in Kolkata, India. Her son His Royal Highness Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who commonly uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the estate-kingdom. HRH Prince Anirban Roy Choudhury is currently studying the law at Symbiosis Law School and lives in Pune, Mumbai, New Delhi and Kolkata.
Itakumari Jamindar Bari
Itakumari Landlord house was established in the 19th century. Shibchondro elder son of landlord Rajarai was the founder of Itakhula Landlord house. Now most of the building are ruined . Now a well two large pond and elderly building witness of time. point to be noted that leaders of the public rebellion Devi singha and his assistant Harram sen one time on a time get the owner by forcing. Again Shibchanda and Devi Chowdhurani lead the public rebellion and free the people of Rangpur from Devi singha's torture.
Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari
The founder of Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari was Fonivuson Mojumdar. Fonivuson Mijumdar Father name was Landlord Radharomon and mother's name as Kusum Kumari Devi who was the second wife of Radharomon. He was born in 1892. This landlord house is a small 2 stores Building. but The main gate of the house is look like as a Mughal Castle - gate. After banned the Real estate practices in 1952 The house was auctioned. Now there have a school and some business center. It is located at Deowan Bari road in Rangpur.
Pirgachha is one of the Upazilas in Rangpur that carries some interesting aspects. The name is derived from some unknown "pir"(religious guru), buried under a tree("gach"). In other words, there was this tomb of a "pir" under a big tree in Pirgachha. Pirgachha has a Rajbari, home of the Jomider (barons, if you will, or landlord, appointed by the King at that times). This one historic residence is now almost ruined. Also, there is a minitarure prayer place such as a mosque (for Muslim) and a mondir(for Hindu) built together. It shows a friendly Hindu-Muslim community at those ages.
Near the stadium, there is a very beautiful place called 'Chicli vata' surrounding by many lakes and rice fields.
There is a large military cantonment in the town. Apart from the Tajbari museum there is another museum at the heart of the town. The town is known as Green town for its beautiful garden and green park throughout the town.
Major educational institutes in the city include:
Medical & Dental Colleges:
- Rangpur Medical College
- Prime Medical College
- Rangpur Community Hospital Medical College
- Northern Private Medical College.
- Kasir Uddin Memorial Medical College
- Rangpur Dental College
- Rangpur Polytechnic Institute
- Rangpur Technical Institute
- Begum Rokeya College
- Carmichael College
- Colectorate School and College
- Carmichael Collegiate School and College
- Rangpur Model College
- Police Lines School and College
- Rangpur Cadet College
- Rangpur Cantonment Public College
- Rangpur Technical School And College
- Rangpur Government College
- RCCI Public School & College
- Lions School & College
- The Millennium Stars School & College
- Somaj Kolyan Women School & College
- Residential Model School and College
- Rangpur Public School & College
- Rangpur City College
English Medium School:
- BIAM Laboratory School
- The Millennium Stars School & College
- Shahan International School
- Nalanda International School
- International Grammars School
- Rangpur Zilla School
- Rangpur Girls School
- Govt. Commercial Institute
- Robertson Gonj Girls High School & College
- Bir Uttam Shaheed Samad High School
- Rangpur High School
Rangpur is well known for its healthcare facilities throughout the north-Bengal districts. There are hundreds of hospitals, private clinics, diagnostic centers situated all over the city. The Rangpur Medical College Hospital (RMCH), a tertiary level thousand bed facility public hospital with teaching facility in graduate and post graduate medical education. The campus of Rangpur Medical College is located in the northwest area of Rangpur, Bangladesh. It is 210 kilometres from the Rajshahi District and 330 kilometres from Dhaka and is located next to the inter-country highway that connects India to Nepal. Prime Medical College hospital(750 beds), Doctor's Community Hospital(500 beds), Northern Private Medical College Hospital, Christian missionary hospital are the well-known private institutes. Other government institutes include a children hospital, a chest hospital and an infectious disease hospital. A 1000 bed-hospital known as Health City is under construction aiming to provide world class medical treatments and surgeries by expert physicians from home and abroad using the latest equipments and technologies like in the international standard Square, United and Apollo Hospitals in Dhaka at much lower costs.
Bangladesh Betar (Radio Bangladesh) has a regional station in Rangpur which transmits various programs of mass interest. Rangpur station has a broadcasting house and transmitters in different locations. The Rangpur station transmits its programs in Medium Wavelength. The popularity of the radio is low in Rangpur like other places of Bangladesh because of the low quality programmes of Bangladesh Betar. Local news bulletin from Radio Pakistan rangpur in 1969 in Urdu and Bengali language in the evening at 6.00 pm. The first Urdu newsreader's name was Akhter Rahi.
Bangladesh Television commonly known as BTV, is the national television channel of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Television (BTV) has satellite station in Rangpur.
There are a number of locally published newspapers in the district. Locally published newspapers and periodicals include Daily Rangpur Chitra (2009), Dabanal (1980), Rangaprovat (1987), Juger Alo (1992), Dainik Paribesh (1994),Daily Gonoalo(2012) Dainik Rangpur (1997), Weekly Atal (1991), Rangpur Barta (1996) and Weekly Bajrakantha (Pirganj). Former newspapers which are no longer published include Rangapur Bartabaha (1847), Rangapur Dik Prakash (1861), Rangapur Darpan (1907), Uttar Bangla (1960) and Pravati (1955).
The main transport systems used in the city are Cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws (mainly known as baby-taxis or CNGs), buses, mini-buses and cars. There are about 50,000 rickshaws running each day.
Rangpur is well connected by highways and railway links to Chittagong and Dhaka, as well as other parts of Rangpur. It takes about 6 to 7 hours by road to reach the capital, Dhaka from Rangpur. A number of bus services including air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buses are available from and to Dhaka. Bus services to other major districts are also available from Rangpur. Highway links to India have been established through the Asian highway. Many Bus company connect Rangpur to other districts. Some of them are...
- Agomony Express (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- T.R Travels (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong/Syllet/Cox's Bazar)[AC/NON AC]
- S.R Travels (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- S.P Travels (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Green line Scania (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Hanif Enterprise (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong/Syllet)
- Shyamoli Paribahan (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong/Syllet)
- Nabil Paribahan (Rangpur-Dhaka)
- J.K. Special (Rangpur-Dhaka)
- United Travels (Rangpur-Narayangonj)
- Soykot Paribahan (Rangpur-Chittagong))
- Rajib Enterprise (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong)
The Rangpur Railway Station is the main railway station providing trains on national routes operated by the state-run Bangladesh Railway. (Railway Station, 0521-63006)
The city of Rangpur is served by Saidpur Airport, located at the north of the city. Saidpur airport is not an international airport. The main frequent airlines of the airport are, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, United Airways (BD) Ltd. Active routes are Saidpur-Dhaka and Saidpur-Rajshahi.
Many Rangpur natives speak Rangpuri language. Rangpuri is an Indic language spoken by ten million Rajbongshi people in Bangladesh and five million in India, where they are known as Rajbanshi. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese. Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Bahe Bangla, Anchalit Bangla, Kamta, Polia. The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, Eastern Rajbanshi and Hill Rajbanshi(also known as Koch language).
Rangpur is one of the important places of cricket in Bangladesh. The most popular sport in Rangpur is cricket, although football is also popular. There is a 10,000+ capacity stadium in the city. It is known as Rangpur Stadium. It is used for football and other sports. Besides different organization share to stage a show there occasionally. There are another ground known as Cricket Garden and is mainly used for cricket. There are also a few sports training academies in the city. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Rangpur has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Rangpur Riders. On December 2012, I Sports bought the Rangpur franchise for $1.01 m. Notable players from Rangpur who have played for the national team include Nasir Hossain, Suhrawadi Shuvo.
||This section contains a gallery of images.|
- William Beveridge, British economist who wrote the Beveridge Report that influenced United Kingdom to implement welfare state policies after World War II
- Begum Rokeya Shakhawat Hossain who was most famous for her efforts on behalf of gender equality and other social issues.
- Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia (Politician, Founding member of BNP and Senior Minister with the rank of a Prime Minister in 1979)
- Hussain Muhammad Ershad, former President of Bangladesh
- Anisul Hoque, author, novelist, dramatist, and journalist
- M. A. Wazed Miah reputed Bangladeshi nuclear scientist who was former Chairman of the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and husband of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
- Nasir Hossain, prominent Bangladeshi all-round cricketer
- Rashid Askari-is a Bengali-English writer, literary and cultural critic, and an academic in Bangladesh.
||This section contains a gallery of images.|
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Rangpur.|
- Rangpur Municipality[dead link], Official website for Rangpur Municipality
- Rangpur oriented website
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