Rangpur, India

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This article is about Rangpur as an archaeological site in Gujarat, India. For other uses, see Rangpur (disambiguation).
Rangpur
Rangpur, India is located in India
Rangpur, India
Shown within India
Location Vanala, Gujarat, India
Coordinates 22°26′N 71°55′E / 22.433°N 71.917°E / 22.433; 71.917Coordinates: 22°26′N 71°55′E / 22.433°N 71.917°E / 22.433; 71.917
Type Settlement
History
Periods Harappan 1 to Iron Age
Cultures Indus Valley Civilization

Rangpur is an archaeological site in Gujarat, India. Lying on the tip between the Gulf of Khambhat and Gulf of Kutch, it belongs to the period of the Indus valley civilization, and lies to the northwest of the larger site of Lothal.[1]

Excavation[edit]

Trail Diggings were conducted by Archeological Survey of India (ASI) during 1935 led by M.S.Vats. Later, Ghurye (1939), Dikshit (1947) and S.R.Rao (1953–56) excavated the site under ASI projects.[2] S.R.Rao has classified the deposits into four periods with three sub periods in Harappan Culture, Period II with an earlier Period, Microlithic and a Middle Paleolithic State (River sections) with points, scrapers and blades of Jasper. The dates given by S.R.Rao are: Period I - Microlithis unassociated with Pottery : 3000 BC Period II - Harappan : 2000–1500 BC Period II B - Late Harappan : 1500–1100 BC Period II C - Transition Phase of Harappa : 1100–1000 BC Period III - Lustrous Red Ware Period : 1000-800 BC.[3]

Architecture and town planning[edit]

Acacia wood was used in Rangpur for construction, tools and for furniture.[4]

Artefacts found[edit]

Dishes with beaded rim and grooved shoulder, painted black and red ware and high-necked jars.[5] Evidence of shell working found.[6]

Cultivation[edit]

Large quantity of plant remains were found at Rangpur. Bajra,[7] rice[8] (Period IIA), Millet (Period HI) were found.[9]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Ancient and Early Medieval India, by Upinder Singh
  2. ^ Archeological Survey of India
  3. ^ Archeological Survey of India
  4. ^ McIntosh, Jane.(2008) The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO. Page 140 [1]
  5. ^ Archeological Surve of India Publication: Indian Archeology 1955-56. Page 70 [2]
  6. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A history of ancient and early medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 164. ISBN 9788131711200. 
  7. ^ McIntosh, Jane.(2008) The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO. Page 112 [3]
  8. ^ History of Ancient and Early Medieval India, by Upinder Singh
  9. ^ Bridget and Raymond Allchin (1968) The Rise of Civilisaton in India and Pakistan. Page 245 [4]