|Nickname(s): Green City|
|Establishment||16 December 1769|
|City Corporation||1 July 2012|
|• Body||Rangpur City Corporation|
|• City Mayor||Sharfuddin Ahmed Jhantu|
|• Total||2,307.78 km2 (891.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|Population (2012 (est))|
|• Density||110/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|National Calling Code||+880|
Rangpur (Bengali: রংপুর) is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division. Rangpur was one of the oldest municipality in Bangladesh, which was established in the year 1869. Rangpur declared as a district headquarters as on 16 December 1769. The municipal office building was erected in the year of 1892 under the precedence Raja Janaki Ballav Sen. Chairman of the municipality to whom Rangpur is indebted for many works of public utility and for his assiduous efforts to advance the improvement of the town. During that period in 1890, "Shyama sundari khal" was excavated for improvement of the town. The Municipality is located in the north western part of Bangladesh and considered as the centre of northwestern Bangladesh. Recently established public university of Bangladesh named as "Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur" is situated in the southern part of the city. Earlier Rangpur was the headquarters of Greater Rangpur district. Later the Greater Rangpur district was broken down into Rangpur, Kurigram, Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat and Gaibandha districts. As a hub of trade, business and non-governmental organisational activities its influence over the districts under Greater-Dinajpur is also considerable.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Climate
- 5 Lifestyle
- 6 Economy
- 7 Places of interest
- 7.1 Tajhat Palace
- 7.2 Town Hall
- 7.3 Shyampur
- 7.4 Teesta Barage
- 7.5 Bhinno Jogot
- 7.6 Zoo
- 7.7 Pairabondh
- 7.8 Mithapukura Mosque (Masjid)
- 7.9 Kellaband Mosque (Masjid)
- 7.10 Pirgacha Landlord House
- 7.11 Devi Caudhuranir Jamindar Bari
- 7.12 Itakumari Jamindar Bari
- 7.13 Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari
- 7.14 BIA
- 7.15 Pirgachha
- 7.16 Chicli vata
- 7.17 Other Places
- 8 Education
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 Media
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Dialect
- 13 Sports
- 14 Notable people
- 15 Gallery
- 16 Trivia
- 17 Sister cities
- 18 References
- 19 External links
Rangpur was conquered by the army of Raja Man Singh, a commander of the Mughal emperor, Akbar, in 1575, but it was only until 1686 that it was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire. Names of places like Mughalbasa (literal meaning being a locality of the Mughals), and Mughalhat (literal meaning a "local market" organized by the Mughals) bear testimony to the Mughal Association and past of Rangpur and its hinterland. Later on, Rangpur passed under the control of "Sarker" of Ghoraghat. During the period of the British East India Company, the Sannyasi Rebellion took place. Rangapur Ghoraghat has been mentioned in the Riyaz-us-Salatin. During the early period of the company rule fakir-sannyasi resistance and peasant rebellion were held in Rangpur.
Total population of Rangpur is 2534365, male 50.92%, female 49.08%. Islam is the predominant religion in Rangpur. Hinduism is the second largest religion in Rangpur. Muslim 89.60%, Hindu 9.59%, Christian 0.50% and others 0.31%; ethnic nationals: Santal and Orao. Among the Muslims the percentage of the salafi are a bit higher than most districts of Bangladesh.
Rangpur is one of seven divisions and is composed of eight districts of the northern Bangladesh. The District of Rangpur is bordered on the north by Nilphamari District, on the south by Gaibandha District, on the east by Kurigram, and on the west by Dinajpur district. Rangpur town is the divisional headquarter. The soil composition is mainly alluvial soil (80%) of the Teesta River basin, and the remaining is barind soil. The temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius to 11 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2931 mm. Rangpur town, covering an area of around 43 square kilometers, lies on the bank of the Ghaghat river, and was turned into a municipality back in 1869. The population of the Rangpur municipality as of 2006 is 251,699, with 52% male and 48% female, and the literacy rate is 54.6%. Establishment of Rangpur City Corporation, as Divisional City is now under way after the establishment of Rangpur Division in January 2010. The area of Rangpur City Corporation is estimated to be around 203 square kilometer accommodating about 6 million population by next Census of 2011. Rangpur city would be the fifth largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka (125 million), Chittagong (30 million), Khulna (10 million) and Rajshahi (8 million) estimated population by the next 2011 census.
Rangpur has a tropical wet and dry climate. The climate of Rangpur is generally marked with monsoons, high temperature, considerable humidity and heavy rainfall. The hot season commences early in April and continues till July. The maximum mean temperature observed is about 32 to 36 °C (90 to 97 °F) during the months of May, June July and August and the minimum temperature recorded in January is about 7 to 16 °C (45 to 61 °F). The highest rainfall is observed during the months of monsoon. The annual rainfall in the district is about 1,448 millimetres (57.0 in).
|Climate in Rangpur|
|Average Temperature (°C)||13.5°||15.5°||19°||21°||21.5°||23°||22°||23°||21.5°||22.5°||18.5°||16°|
|Source: |[National news papers]|
For shopping, there are two large shopping complexes. One is the older "Municipal Super Market". There is a more modern building called the Jahaj Company Shopping Complex which has Rangpur's only escalator. At the top of this building is a department store.
Karupanya has another store on Station Road which sells Rangpur's Satranji handloom carpets. The carpets were made in the village of Nishbetganj and were popular in the Mughal era. Karupanya established the cottage industry of Satranji at Nishbetganj village. Starting with just five weavers, he has increased to more than 300 weavers today and is now exporting to foreign countries on a small scale.
From the ancient times Rangpur is a land of agriculture. Several agricultural products are the major driving power of the economy of this district such as rice, jute (called the golden fiber of Bangladesh), wheat, tobacco, potato etc. During winter season, when ground water level is usually lower than rainy season, peoples use irrigation system to cultivate several high yielding varies of rice to keep the economy strong of this district. Several cold storage are also adding value to the economy of this district by preserving agricultural products especially potato during the hot summer season.
The city is the commercial hub for the surrounding districts. The city centre has number of government and private banks, insurance companies, residential hotels, Chinese and Indian restaurants, fast food, sweet shops, gift shop and many more. It is one of most important economic zone in Bangladesh, because of its global positioning.
Places of interest
Tajhat Palace is located at Tajhat, the southern end of Rangpur city. It was the earlier high court building established in 1984 called the Tajhat, a former zamindar's palace. After the end of the British Raj, the building was abandoned and decayed rapidly, although it was used for a few years as a courthouse during the 1980s. In 2004, it was largely restored and turned into a museum which hosts a collection of Blackstone Hindu carvings, calligraphic art from the Mughal period and other objects d'art and coins from the area on display. Due to lack of funding, the museum is sometimes closed.There were a fairly large number of eminent Zamindar families at Tajhat. Dimla, Kankina, Manthana, Pirganj, Bardhankot, ete in the district of Rangpur. They had magnificent and beautiful palaces of which the Tajhat Palace is most famous. Manna lal ray the founder of the family was Hindu khatri and an adherent of the Sikh which at that time, was obliged to emigrate from the Punjab and settled at Mahiganj, Profession it is believed that from the conspicuous appearance of his Taj or jeweled crown his estate derived the name of Tajhat manna lal ray, gradually be quire huge ladled properties in Rangpur his grandson Dhanapat ray. A grand Daughter of ratanlal ray of nya dumka, who was another Punjabi in-migrant. Dhanapat ray’s Grandson Upendra lel ray died at an early age and the estate there fore came into the possession of his uncle Giridharlal ray who was a Munsift Giridhari lal having no issue adopted Govinda Lal of Kolkata who success Ed to the Estate in 1879. He was a man of great public spirit and Liberality because of which he was conferred with the title of Raja in 1835, Raja Bahadur in 1892 and Maharaja in 1896 he metro largest death by being buried alive under the debris of his own during the devastating earthquake of 1897.He was succeeded by his son Maharaja kumar Gopal lal ray in 1908. The place is situated hree k. m. on the south –east Outskirts of the town of Rangpur. This Magnificent edifice with about 76.20 m front age. Rises in tow Stores and faces east . a 15.24m.Imposing broad staircase in the entre. Paved with imported white marble. Leads directly above the portico to the upper storey. The palace is crowned by a ribbed conical dome in the centre of the roof with a tall octagonal neck. Partly supported on a series of slender semi-Corinthian columns. The balustrade on either said of the imposing staircase was originally embellished with various sculptures of classical Roman figures in Italian marble. But now these are totally missing. There are two semi octagonal projections at each end of the front faced and a 9-144m. Projecting central porch. The alcony roof above the porch is carried on four graceful Corinthian columns with round shafts. Whilst two similar columns on each of the projecting ends of the building . Support a triangular gable. The palace is laid out in the form of an English "U" With its open end to the west. Beyond the entrance at ground floor level. This is a very large hall measuring about 18.288m *13.716m. A 3m wide corridor runs the entire length of inner block. Two broad wooden staircases. One is on the middle of the north wing and other is one the south of eastern main block provides access to the upper floor. Probably this place was built by Maha Raja Kumar Gopal lal Ray in the beginning of the 20th century AD from 1984 to 1991. the palace was used as a Rangpur high Court branch of the Bangladesh Supreme court in 1995. The palace was declared as a Protected monument by the department of archeology. recognizing its outstanding archeological value the government of Bangladesh decided to shift the Rangpur museum here in 2002. Accordingly the palace in being partly used as Rangpur museum since 2005.
There is an ancient auditorium named 'Town Hall' at the center of the city, where different cultural programs are held.
In the great Rangpur region, no economic development took place until the 90s, mainly because of the yearly flooding the region used to see before the making of "Teesta Barrage." The coal is found near this district. There is a large military cantonment in the town.
"Bhinno Jogot" is a big theme park and a popular picnic spot which is situated 15 kilometres from Rangpur Town.
Rangpur central zoo is one of the main attractions of Rangpur city. Rangpur zoo is located east side of Hunuman-tola road beside police-line not far from Rangpur district Administration office. In this zoo there has lots of Bangladeshi wild animel. Without it African lion, Black Panther, Hippopotamus, different kinds of birds, snack & some rare animal & birds. Founder of Rangpur zoo President Ershad, was responsible for lots of additions to Rangpur. They donated land for a zoo with a massive park in the midst of town.The Rangpur zoo was built in 80th Decade in 19th century.A wide area with lush green trees and grasses also houses different animal species. The zoo has a variety of animals, mostly in small British-era style cages. The zoo does have a large aviary, a small monkey cage and an endangered Bengal tiger, in addition to a rhinoceros, lions, a leopard, peacocks, alligators, turtles, spotted deer, and many other animals.
Mithapukura Mosque (Masjid)
From Mithapukor pond about half km distance in the side of Rangpur-Mithapukur road it is situated.The masjid is oblong size and it has three domes.its volume is about 10.66m*4.11m. in-front of this masjid beside the surrounded yard there is an entrance door which is made by Bangladeshi local culture. There are also 4 corner tower which is higher than the corner of the roof and finished as a size of kiupola. by dividing the oblongate mosque in three parts with 2 literal vault here it is 3 made semi round domes. 3 mirhab,the in-front wall, para-pate wall,and the drums of the domes all r designed with beautiful panel,spinach,flower, geometrical sizes and as hoods of snake.from the inscription of the wall it is known that the masjid was made by sheikh Mohammad asher son of Sheikh Mohammad saber in 1226 hijri (1801).
Kellaband Mosque (Masjid)
Kellaband Mosque is situated at C.O. Bazar on the north of Rangpur-Dinajpur Highway 02 km north-west of Rangpur town. This three-dome mosque is about 200 years elderly. A concrete well & an ancient cemetery are lying beside the mosque.
Pirgacha Landlord House
The Manthana Kingdom Estate was established sometime around 1100 AD. Her Royal Highness Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur was the most influential and famous ruler of the kingdom. After the death of His Royal Highness Rajah Rajendra Narayan Roy Choudhury, the Monthana Kingdom Estate was divided into two parts among his two sons Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury and Rajah Bhairab Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur. As a result the landlord house also divided into two parts. After the death of HRH Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury his son HRH Rajah Mahendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded the kingdom. After his death HRH Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded to the throne of the kingdom and was the last crowned king of this kingdom estate. His son HRH Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury was born in 1947 and is the crown prince of the estate. Soon after the birth of HRH Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury, India and East Pakistan got independence from imperial British rule and the partition of Bengal took place. HRH Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur now resides in Kolkata, India with his family. His son HRH Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the kingdom-estate. The Pirgaccha Landlord House popularly known as the Manthana Palace or Manthana Rajbari is a massive structure spread over hundreds of acres of land and houses ponds, lakes, buildings, temples, and various other assets. HRH Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury is the present legal owner of the entire kingdom-estate. The Kachari House of the Manthana Palace is now used as Pirgasha Registrar Office.
Devi Caudhuranir Jamindar Bari
The Landlord-King of Pirgacha sub district HRH Rajah Narendro Narayan Roy Choudhury, son of HRH Rajah Raghabendra Narayan Roy Choudhury died in 1765 without any legacy. Then the wife of the late King, HRH Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur managed the kingdom for three decades. HRH Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani is popularly known as Devi Chaudhurani in history and was one of the most successful and popularly known rulers of the kingdom. During the time of Sanyasi Bidroho (ascetic revolution)for the independence of India, she along with Bhabani Pathak raged war against the British. In this insurgency Collector Richard Gudland and army commander Lieutenant Brenan, scared of the war situatio, forfeited the kingdom from Devi Chaudhurani. However the imperial British could not keep the kingdom forfeited from the illustrious Maharani, and soon after she again came to manage the kingdom and she ruled until 1791. Later in history, the famosu Bengali novelist, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhay, who also happened to be the Collector of Rangpur and under the employment of the British rule, wrote the famous novel Devi Chaudhurani to portray her as a dacoit-queen. The novel has been adapted into very famous movies with the 1974 movie starring Suchitra Sen in the lead. And National Award winning director Rituporno Ghosh is adapting the novel into another movie in recent times, in which Aishwaria Rai Bacchan will play the lead role of Devi Chaudhurani. However the novel has tarnished the characted and image of Her Royal Highness Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani to a great extent. His Royal Highness Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur was the last king of the kingdom-estate. An earthquake damaged much of the palace built by Devi Chaudhurani. However the palace was rebuilt several times and is a sprawling structure spread over several hundreds of acres. The property, land and the assets of the estate kingdom is presently legally owned by Her Royal Highness Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury of Rangpur, who lives in Kolkata, India. Her son His Royal Highness Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who commonly uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the estate-kingdom. HRH Prince Anirban Roy Choudhury is currently studying the law at Symbiosis Law School and lives in Pune, Mumbai, New Delhi and Kolkata.
Itakumari Jamindar Bari
Itakumari Landlord house was established in 19th century. Shibchondro elder son of landlord Rajarai was the founder of Itakhula Landlord house. Now most of the building are ruined . Now a well two large pond and elderly building witness of time. point to be noted that leaders of the public rebellion Devi singha and his assistant Harram sen one time on a time get the owner by forcing. Again Shibchanda and Devi Chowdhurani lead the public rebellion and free the people of Rangpur from Devi singha's torture.
Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari
The founder of Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari was Fonivuson Mojumdar. Fonivuson Mijumdar Father name was Landlord Radharomon and mother's name as Kusum Kumari Devi who was the second wife of Radharomon. He as born in 1892. This landlord house is a small 2 stores Building. but The main gate of the house is look like as a Mughal Castle - gate. After banned the Real estate practices in 1952 The house was auctioned. Now there have a school and some business center.It is located at Deowan Bari road in Rangpur.
BIA (Bengal Intelligence Agency) Bangladesh, an NGO in northwest Bangladesh, has a most Secret office near college road, Rangpur. Arefin Bashar Arif is the managing Director of Bengal Intelligence. BIA also have added many intelligences in their spy team. All intelligences are Bangladeshi. The vast majority of intelligences with specialist sectoral and support units in Rangpur and Dhaka.
Pirgachha is one of the up zillas in Rangpur that carries some interesting aspects. The name is derived from some unknown "pir"(religious guru), buried under a tree("gach"). In other words, there was this tomb of a "pir" under a big tree in Pirgachha. Pirgachha has a Rajbari, home of the Jomider (barons, if you will, or landlord, appointed by the King at that times). This one historic residence is now almost ruined. Also, there is a minitarure prayer place such as a mosque (for Muslim) and a mondir(for Hindu) built together. It shows a friendly Hindu-Muslim community at those ages.
Near the stadium, there is a very beautiful place called 'Chicli vata' surrounding bij many lakes and rice fields.
There is a large military cantonment in the town.Apart from the Tajbari museum there is another museum at the heart of the town. The town is known as Green town for its beautiful garden and green park throughout the town.
Major educational institutes in the city include:
- Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur.<www.brur.ac.bd>
- Begum Rokeya College
- Carmichael College
- Colectorate School and College
- Carmichael Collegiate School and College
- Rangpur Model College
- Police Lines School and College
- Rangpur Cadet College
- Rangpur Cantonment Public College
- Bir Uttam Shaheed Samad High School
- Rangpur Technical School And College
- Rangpur Government College
- Rangpur Medical College
- Rangpur Polytechnic Institute
- Rangpur University
- Rangpur Zilla School
- Begum Rokeya University
- Govt. Commercial Institute
- Robertson Gonj Girls High School & College
- BIAM Laboratory School
- syedpur karamotia B_L High School
Hospitals in the city include Rangpur Medical College Hospital (RMCH), a tertiary level public hospital with teaching facility in graduate and post graduate medical education.The campus of Rangpur Medical College is located in the northwest area of Rangpur, Bangladesh. It is 210 kilometres from the Rajshahi District and 330 kilometres from Dhaka and is located next to the inter-country highway that connects India to Nepal. Other government institutes include a children hospital, a chest hospital and an infectious disease hospital. Private institutes include a Christian missionary hospital.
Bangladesh Betar (Radio Bangladesh) has a regional station in Rangpur which transmits various programs of mass interest. Rangpur station has a broadcasting house and transmitters in different locations. The Rangpur station transmits its programs in Medium Wavelength. The popularity of the radio is low in Rangpur like other places of Bangladesh because of the low quality programmes of Bangladesh Betar.
Bangladesh Television commonly known as BTV, is the national television channel of Bangladesh.Bangladesh Television (BTV) has satellite station in Rangpur.
There are a number of locally published newspapers in the district. Locally published newspapers and periodicals include Dabanal (1980), Rangaprovat (1987), Juger Alo (1992), Dainik Paribesh (1994),Daily Gonoalo(2012) Dainik Rangpur (1997), Weekly Atal (1991), Rangpur Barta (1996) and Weekly Bajrakantha (Pirganj). Former newspapers which are no longer published include Rangapur Bartabaha (1847), Rangapur Dik Prakash (1861), Rangapur Darpan (1907), Uttar Bangla (1960) and Pravati (1955).
The main transport systems used in the city are Cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws (mainly known as baby-taxis or CNGs), buses, mini-buses and cars. There are about 50,000 rickshaws running each day.
Rangpur is well connected by highways and railway links to Chittagong and Dhaka, as well as other parts of Rangpur.It takes about 6 to 7 hours by road to reach the capital, Dhaka from Rangpur. A number of bus services including air-conditioned and non-air conditioned buses are available from and to Dhaka. Bus services to other major districts are also available from Rangpur. Highway links to India have been established through the Asian highway. Many Bus company connect Rangpur to other districts. Some of them are...
- Agomony Express (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- T.R Travels (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- S.R Travels (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Green line Volvo (Rangpur-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Shyamoli Paribahan (Rangpur-Dhaka)
- Nabil Paribahan (Rangpur-Dhaka)
- J.K. Special (Rangpur-Dhaka)
- United Travels (Rangpur-Narayangonj)
- Soykot Paribahan (Rangpur-Chittagong)
- Hanif Enterprize (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong)
- Rajib Enterprise (Rangpur-Dhaka/Chittagong)
The Rangpur Railway Station is the main railway station providing trains on national routes operated by the state-run Bangladesh Railway.(Railway Station, 0521-63006)
The city of Rangpur is served by Saidpur Airport, located at the north of the city.Saidpur airport is not an international airport.The main frequent airlines of the airport are, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, United Airways (BD) Ltd.Active routes are Saidpur-Dhaka and Saidpur-Rajshahi.
Many Rangpur natives speak Rangpuri language. Rangpuri is an Indic language spoken by ten million Rajbongshi people in Bangladesh and five million in India, where they are known as Rajbanshi. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Bahe Bangla, Anchalit Bangla, Kamta, Polia. The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, Eastern Rajbanshi and Hill Rajbanshi(also known as Koch language).
Rangpur is one of the important places of cricket in Bangladesh.The most popular sport in Rangpur is cricket, although football is also popular. There is a 10000+ capacity stadium in the city. The stadium is known as Cricket Garden and is mainly used for cricket and football but other sports also get their share to stage a show there occasionally. There are also a few sports training academies in the city. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Rangpur has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Rangpur Riders. On December 2012, I Sports bought the Rangpur franchise for $1.01 m. Notable players from Rangpur who have played for the national team include Nasir Hossain, Suhrawadi Shuvo.
- William Beveridge, British economist who wrote the Beveridge Report that influenced United Kingdom to implement welfare state policies after World War II
- Begum Rokeya Shakhawat Hossain who was most famous for her efforts on behalf of gender equality and other social issues.
- Hussain Muhammad Ershad, former President of Bangladesh
- Anisul Hoque, author, novelist, dramatist, and journalist
- M. A. Wazed Miah reputed Bangladeshi nuclear scientist who was former Chairman of the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and husband of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
- Nasir Hossain, prominent Bangladeshi all-round cricketer
- Rashid Askari-is a Bengali-English writer, literary and cultural critic, and an academic in Bangladesh.
A rare total eclipse of the Sun was expected to be visible from the extreme north of the Rangpur district on 22 July 2009 . This attracted much attention from the Bangladeshi astronomical community in the run up to the event.
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- "Carmichael College, Rangpur". Banglapedia. Retrieved 2009-09-11.
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- Players and Officials - Nasir Hossain Cricinfo.
- Players and Officials - Suhrawadi Shuvo Cricinfo.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Rangpur.|
- Rangpur Municipality, Official website for Rangpur Municipality
- Rangpur oriented website
- Rangpur in Banglapedia, Banglapedia Article on Rangpur District
- Rangpur Web: Social Network, News & Info
- Rangpur Portal