Ranked lists of Chilean regions

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This article includes several ranked indicators for Chile's regions.

By area[edit]

Chilean regions by area.

Region Area (km²) Area (mi²) Comparable country
Arica and Parinacota 16,873.3 6,514.8  Swaziland
Tarapacá 42,225.8 16,303.5  Netherlands
Antofagasta 126,049.1 48,667.8  Nicaragua
Atacama 75,176.2 29,025.7  Panama
Coquimbo 40,579.9 15,668.0   Switzerland
Valparaíso 16,396.1 6,330.6  Swaziland
Santiago 15,403.2 5,947.2  Timor-Leste
O'Higgins 16,387.0 6,327.1  Swaziland
Maule 30,296.1 11,697.4  Lesotho
Biobío 37,068.7 14,312.3  Guinea-Bissau
Araucanía 31,842.3 12,294.4  Belgium
Los Ríos 18,429.5 7,115.7  New Caledonia
Los Lagos 48,583.6 18,758.2  Dominican Republic
Aisén 108,494.4 41,889.9  Guatemala
Magallanes 132,291.1 51,077.9  Greece
 Chile 756,096.3 291,930.4  Zambia

Sources: "División Político Administrativa y Censal 2007", National Statistics Office, 2007 (Chile area data); CIA's The World Factbook (country area comparison).
Note: It does not include the internationally unrecognized Chilean Antarctic Territory, annexed to the Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region and totalling 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi).

Population[edit]

By population[edit]

Chilean regions by population as of June 30, 2010.

Region Men Women Total  % Comparable country
Arica and Parinacota 89,818 95,139 184,957 1.08  Saint Lucia
Tarapacá 163,354 151,180 314,534 1.84  Maldives
Antofagasta 299,473 275,795 575,268 3.37  Solomon Islands
Atacama 143,199 137,344 280,543 1.64  Barbados
Coquimbo 355,860 362,857 718,717 4.20  Bhutan
Valparaíso 866,401 892,766 1,759,167 10.29  The Gambia
Santiago 3,358,153 3,525,410 6,883,563 40.27  Togo
O'Higgins 445,505 437,863 883,368 5.17  Fiji
Maule 502,046 505,785 1,007,831 5.90  Swaziland
Biobío 1,003,745 1,032,698 2,036,443 11.91  Slovenia
Araucanía 480,926 489,493 970,419 5.68  Swaziland
Los Ríos 189,489 190,220 379,709 2.22  The Bahamas
Los Lagos 424,773 411,483 836,256 4.89  Djibouti
Aisén 55,163 49,680 104,843 0.61  Grenada,  Tonga
Magallanes 83,422 75,235 158,657 0.93  São Tomé and Príncipe
 Chile 8,461,327 8,632,948 17,094,275 100.00  Netherlands

Sources: National Statistics Office (Chile's population), IMF's World Economic Outlook database, October 2010 (country comparison).

By urban and rural population[edit]

Chilean regions by their urban and rural population as of June 30, 2010.

Region Urban Rural  % Urban  % Rural
Arica and Parinacota 167,343 17,614 90.5 9.5
Tarapacá 294,026 20,508 93.5 6.5
Antofagasta 560,801 14,467 97.5 2.5
Atacama 254,783 25,760 90.8 9.2
Coquimbo 578,245 140,472 80.5 19.5
Valparaíso 1,610,211 148,956 91.5 8.5
Santiago 6,655,975 227,588 96.7 3.3
O'Higgins 626,417 256,951 70.9 29.1
Maule 676,615 331,216 67.1 32.9
Biobío 1,699,819 336,624 83.5 16.5
Araucanía 659,274 311,145 67.9 32.1
Los Ríos 260,445 119,264 68.6 31.4
Los Lagos 588,352 247,904 70.4 29.6
Aisén 88,376 16,467 84.3 15.7
Magallanes 147,490 11,167 93.0 7.0
 Chile 14,868,172 2,226,103 87.0 13.0

Sources: National Statistics Office (Chile's population).

By population density[edit]

Chilean regions by population density as of 2010.

Region Density (/km²) Density (/mi²) Comparable country
Arica and Parinacota 11.0 28  Turkmenistan
Tarapacá 7.4 19  Central African Republic
Antofagasta 4.6 12  Gabon
Atacama 3.7 9.6  Libya
Coquimbo 17.7 46  Solomon Islands
Valparaíso 107.3 278  Hungary
Santiago 446.9 1,157  Puerto Rico
O'Higgins 53.9 140  Mexico
Maule 33.3 86  Zimbabwe
Biobío 54.9 142  Mexico
Araucanía 30.5 79  Estonia
Los Ríos 20.6 53  Sweden
Los Lagos 17.2 45  Zambia
Aisén 1.0 2.6  Mongolia
Magallanes 1.2 3.1  Mongolia
 Chile 22.6 59  Brazil

Sources: National Statistics Office (Chile area data, Chile's population); Wikipedia's List of countries and dependencies by population density (country comparison).
Note: It does not include the internationally unrecognized Chilean Antarctic Territory, annexed to the Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region and totalling 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi).

By number of households and household size[edit]

Chilean regions by number of households and household size in 2011.

Region Population Households Persons per
household
Arica and Parinacota 175,295 48,639 3.6
Tarapacá 302,659 81,524 3.7
Antofagasta 552,156 144,694 3.8
Atacama 273,870 76,946 3.6
Coquimbo 717,663 205,495 3.5
Valparaíso 1,753,449 546,275 3.2
Santiago 6,891,150 1,992,295 3.5
O'Higgins 881,735 262,023 3.4
Maule 1,001,828 306,144 3.3
Biobío 2,018,886 580,998 3.5
Araucanía 952,813 282,980 3.4
Los Ríos 366,727 110,511 3.3
Los Lagos 824,463 248,655 3.3
Aisén 99,466 31,073 3.2
Magallanes 150,355 48,638 3.1
 Chile 16,962,515 4,966,890 3.4

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By indigenous population[edit]

Chilean regions by persons self-identifying as belonging to one of Chile's indigenous groups in 2011.

Region Persons  % of regional
population
Aimara Rapanui Quechua Mapuche Atacameño
(Likan Antai)
Colla Kawashkar
(Alacalufe)
Yámana
(Yagán)
Diaguita
Arica and Parinacota 46,187 26.3% 87.1% 0.0% 1.3% 8.1% 0.6% 0.4% 0.1% 0.0% 2.3%
Tarapacá 49,495 16.4% 75.3% 0.5% 6.6% 13.8% 0.8% 0.4% 0.1% 0.0% 2.5%
Antofagasta 41,611 7.5% 11.8% 0.0% 8.8% 22.2% 47.8% 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 8.4%
Atacama 28,333 10.3% 3.9% 1.1% 0.6% 15.6% 2.0% 28.1% 0.0% 0.7% 48.0%
Coquimbo 19,149 2.7% 4.3% 0.0% 2.6% 49.4% 0.5% 3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 39.7%
Valparaíso 54,505 3.1% 2.9% 1.0% 0.2% 85.9% 1.2% 0.0% 0.0% 1.4% 7.2%
Santiago 342,435 5.0% 2.8% 0.7% 0.4% 95.1% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.8%
O'Higgins 35,436 4.0% 2.8% 0.0% 0.0% 95.0% 0.8% 1.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.0%
Maule 23,187 2.3% 0.9% 2.3% 1.1% 95.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0%
Biobío 105,213 5.2% 1.5% 0.4% 0.8% 96.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.5%
Araucanía 305,622 32.1% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1% 99.4% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Los Ríos 68,532 18.7% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 99.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Los Lagos 195,327 23.7% 0.0% 0.3% 0.1% 99.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0%
Aisén 23,584 23.7% 0.3% 0.0% 0.9% 95.8% 0.0% 0.0% 1.9% 1.0% 0.0%
Magallanes 30,947 20.6% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1% 98.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2%
 Chile 1,369,563 8.1% 7.2% 0.4% 0.8% 86.4% 1.7% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 2.5%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By foreign nationals[edit]

Chilean regions by number of foreign nationals and country of citizenship in 2011.

Region Foreign
nationals
Peru Colombia Argentina Bolivia Ecuador United
States
Brazil Spain Germany China Other
country
Not-well
specified
No
answer
Arica and Parinacota 4,403 46.5% 1.3% 0.5% 42.9% 1.8% 0.4% 4.6% 0.2% 0.3% 1.5%
Tarapacá 15,896 53.2% 4.0% 1.1% 33.6% 3.6% 0.6% 0.5% 0.2% 0.1% 0.3% 2.8% 0.1%
Antofagasta 8,147 34.7% 23.1% 2.6% 34.5% 2.0% 0.4% 2.7%
Atacama 692 24.7% 19.8% 15.0% 9.2% 24.0% 7.2%
Coquimbo 1,617 5.1% 8.2% 29.6% 8.5% 6.5% 4.1% 32.6% 5.4%
Valparaíso 7,766 5.5% 13.8% 25.6% 1.7% 15.5% 9.5% 0.6% 4.5% 3.3% 19.2% 0.7%
Santiago 123,285 58.0% 11.5% 5.1% 1.2% 2.3% 3.0% 2.4% 1.5% 0.8% 2.0% 11.7% 0.6%
O'Higgins 2,223 3.5% 48.7% 10.4% 8.7% 7.2% 1.6% 0.8% 19.2%
Maule 1,535 4.4% 27.0% 3.3% 47.3% 12.9% 5.2%
Biobío 6,450 20.7% 7.1% 22.6% 14.5% 4.7% 2.8% 10.9% 14.0% 2.8%
Araucanía 4,071 2.1% 4.4% 63.3% 0.7% 7.2% 8.5% 2.6% 8.5% 0.8% 2.0%
Los Ríos 998 17.8% 24.4% 16.4% 1.5% 8.5% 14.3% 1.0% 12.4% 2.6% 0.9%
Los Lagos 2,128 5.8% 30.8% 8.8% 2.7% 10.2% 38.2% 3.5%
Aisén 676 46.4% 17.5% 8.3% 4.9% 1.5% 18.3% 3.1%
Magallanes 1,118 5.4% 10.8% 14.7% 1.5% 11.8% 1.3% 54.5%
 Chile 181,005 48.1% 11.6% 8.1% 6.5% 3.8% 3.2% 2.3% 1.5% 1.5% 1.4% 11.2% 0.5% 0.3%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: "Other country" column includes persons from Honduras (2,314), Dominican Republic (2,277), Venezuela (2,122), Uruguay (1,844), Italy (1,839), Australia (1,391), Mexico (1,180), Canada (1,096), Syria (1,084), United Kingdom (790), France (695), Belgium (506), Greece (439), Haiti (390), El Salvador (339), Paraguay (294), Norway (236), Austria (207), Cuba (165), Sweden (144), Poland (138), Indonesia (117), Kenya (113), other country in Europe (104), Costa Rica (78), Netherlands (75), Russia (75), Libya (60), Panama (42), Switzerland (23), Romania (21), Pakistan (15), Portugal (13) and Morocco (11).

Economy[edit]

By regional GDP (PPP)[edit]

Chilean regions by their 2012 regional gross domestic product at purchasing power parity in billions of 2012 international dollars.

Region GDP (PPP) Comparable country
Arica and Parinacota 2.230  Cape Verde
Tarapacá 8.751  Montenegro
Antofagasta 37.233  Cambodia
Atacama 9.742  Mauritania
Coquimbo 11.351  Niger
Valparaíso 28.604  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Santiago 173.666  Morocco
O'Higgins 15.970  Benin
Maule 13.090  Kyrgyzstan
Biobío 28.203  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Araucanía 7.952  Sierra Leone
Los Ríos 4.339  Fiji
Los Lagos 8.773  Montenegro
Aisén 1.686  Solomon Islands
Magallanes 3.062  Maldives
 Chile 390.558  Sweden

Sources: Central Bank of Chile (Chile's 2012 Regional GDP in 2008 prices (chain-weighted), 2008 and 2012 GDP deflators), accessed on 19 August 2013. OECD's OECD.Stat (Chile's 2012 PPP conversion factor for GDP (334.206430)), accessed on 19 August 2013. World Bank's World Development Indicators (2012 GDP (PPP) for world countries), accessed on 19 August 2013.
Notes: Chile's 2012 Regional and National GDP in 2008 prices was converted to 2012 prices by using the GDP deflators for both years. The aggregate Regional GDP is less than the National GDP because it does not include extra-regio GDP, VAT taxes and import duties.

By regional GDP (PPP) per capita[edit]

Chilean regions by their 2012 regional gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity in 2012 international dollars.

Region GDP (PPP)
per capita
Comparable country
Arica and Parinacota 12,292  Dominica
Tarapacá 26,604  Trinidad and Tobago
Antofagasta 63,308  Norway
Atacama 34,230  Japan
Coquimbo 15,357  Belarus
Valparaíso 15,928  Bulgaria
Santiago 24,783  Slovakia
O'Higgins 17,742  Turkey
Maule 12,787  Dominica
Biobío 13,681  Venezuela
Araucanía 8,062  Algeria
Los Ríos 11,368  South Africa
Los Lagos 10,237  Dominican Republic
Aisén 15,772  Mauritius
Magallanes 19,179  Palau
 Chile 22,442  Poland

Sources: Central Bank of Chile (Chile's 2012 Regional GDP in 2008 prices (chain-weighted), 2008 and 2012 GDP deflators), accessed on 19 August 2013. National Statistics Office of Chile (Chile's 2012 national and regional population), accessed on 19 August 2013. OECD's OECD.Stat (Chile's 2012 PPP conversion factor for GDP (334.206430)), accessed on 19 August 2013. World Bank's World Development Indicators (2012 GDP (PPP) per capita for world countries), accessed on 19 August 2013.
Notes: Chile's 2012 Regional and National GDP in 2008 prices was converted to 2012 prices by using the GDP deflators for both years. The results were then divided by the respective regional or national population to obtain per capita data.

By average net salary[edit]

Chilean regions by their average annual net salary in 2011 international dollars.

Not adjusted for underreporting.
Region Net salary
Arica and Parinacota 10,698
Tarapacá 14,743
Antofagasta 18,687
Atacama 15,307
Coquimbo 12,130
Valparaíso 12,539
Santiago 16,276
O'Higgins 11,360
Maule 9,848
Biobío 11,405
Araucanía 9,889
Los Ríos 10,156
Los Lagos 12,173
Aisén 15,760
Magallanes 22,222
 Chile 14,015

Sources: "NUEVA ENCUESTA SUPLEMENTARIA DE INGRESOS (NESI) 2011 (CUADRO 8 Y 9)," National Statistics Office (net salary); OECD's StatExtracts database (2011 PPP for actual individual consumption).
Notes: The average regional monthly net salary was multiplied by 12 and divided by 334.241120, the 2011 "Purchasing Power Parities for actual individual consumption" exchange rate for Chile.

By household income per capita[edit]

Chilean regions by their annual household income per capita in international dollars.

Adjusted for
underreporting.
Region 2011
Arica and Parinacota 7,388
Tarapacá 8,363
Antofagasta 11,007
Atacama 8,511
Coquimbo 6,605
Valparaíso 7,691
Santiago 11,007
O'Higgins 7,036
Maule 6,321
Biobío 6,860
Araucanía 6,629
Los Ríos 6,910
Los Lagos 7,210
Aisén 10,685
Magallanes 11,510
 Chile 8,859

Sources: Ministry of Social Development of Chile's Casen Survey 2011 (total monthly income). OECD's StatExtracts database (2011 PPP for actual individual consumption), accessed on 7 April 2013.
Notes: The monthly regional total household income (Ingreso total) was multiplied by 12 and divided by the "PPP for actual individual consumption" for 2011 (334.241120).

Not adjusted for underreporting.
Region 2011
Arica and Parinacota 6,422
Tarapacá 9,645
Antofagasta 11,291
Atacama 8,141
Coquimbo 6,840
Valparaíso 8,107
Santiago 9,784
O'Higgins 6,688
Maule 5,866
Biobío 6,535
Araucanía 5,740
Los Ríos 6,387
Los Lagos 7,999
Aisén 10,025
Magallanes 13,780
 Chile 8,337

Sources: "Nueva Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingresos (NESI) 2011 (CUADRO 3)," National Statistics Office (total monthly income). OECD's StatExtracts database (2011 PPP for actual individual consumption), accessed on 7 April 2013.
Notes: The monthly regional household income was divided by the total regional population; the result was multiplied by 12 and divided by the "PPP for actual individual consumption" for 2011 (334.241120).

By median household income per capita[edit]

Chilean regions by their annual median household income per capita in 2011 in international dollars.

Region Non-equivalised Equivalised
Arica and Parinacota 4,681 9,443
Tarapacá 5,717 11,753
Antofagasta 6,874 14,312
Atacama 5,365 11,082
Coquimbo 4,398 9,068
Valparaíso 4,668 8,966
Santiago 5,519 11,338
O'Higgins 4,784 9,784
Maule 4,028 7,825
Biobío 3,953 7,740
Araucanía 3,590 6,965
Los Ríos 4,046 7,897
Los Lagos 4,212 8,313
Aisén 5,826 11,538
Magallanes 6,642 12,633
 Chile 4,844 9,784

Sources: Ministry of Social Development of Chile's Casen Survey 2011 (monthly monetary income). OECD's StatExtracts database (2011 PPP for actual individual consumption), accessed on 7 April 2013.
Notes: Income is the median of household monetary income (self-generated income plus government cash transfers) per capita. Equivalised income is the median of monthly household monetary income divided by the square root of household size. The monthly regional household income was multiplied by 12 and divided by the "PPP for actual individual consumption" for 2011 (334.241120). Data exclude live-in domestic workers and their family.

By household income inequality[edit]

Chilean regions by their household income inequality in 2011 as measured by the Gini coefficient.

Region Gini
coefficient
Arica and Parinacota 0.425
Tarapacá 0.412
Antofagasta 0.426
Atacama 0.428
Coquimbo 0.406
Valparaíso 0.452
Santiago 0.512
O'Higgins 0.388
Maule 0.434
Biobío 0.477
Araucanía 0.509
Los Ríos 0.460
Los Lagos 0.457
Aisén 0.472
Magallanes 0.463
 Chile 0.492

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: Persons are ranked by equivalised household income (household income is divided by the square root of household size). Income is total household income (self-generated income plus government cash transfers plus owner-imputed rent income). Distribution is based on aggregated Lorenz curve. Live-in domestic workers and their family are not included.

By absolute poverty rate[edit]

Chilean regions by percentage of regional population living below the national poverty line.

Region 1990 2006 2009 2011
Arica and Parinacota 28.3 18.6 12.8 15.7
Tarapacá 11.8 15.8 13.1
Antofagasta 34.1 7.3 8.0 7.5
Atacama 34.2 10.5 17.5 13.3
Coquimbo 45.3 15.9 16.6 15.3
Valparaíso 43.2 15.3 15.1 16.9
Santiago 33.0 10.6 11.5 11.5
O'Higgins 41.1 11.4 12.8 10.1
Maule 42.8 17.7 20.7 16.2
Biobío 47.5 20.7 21.0 21.5
Araucanía 46.4 20.1 27.1 22.9
Los Ríos 39.8 18.8 20.4 17.5
Los Lagos 11.8 14.2 15.0
Aisén 32.8 9.2 15.1 9.8
Magallanes 30.0 6.3 9.1 5.8
 Chile 38.6 13.7 15.1 14.4

Sources: 1990 Casen Survey, Ministry of Social Development of Chile (1990 data); 2009 Casen Survey, Ministry of Social Development of Chile (2006 data); 2011 Casen Survey, Ministry of Social Development of Chile (2009 and 2011 data).
Note: Live-in domestic workers and their family are not included.

By relative poverty rate[edit]

Chilean regions by percentage of regional population living below 40%, 50% and 60% of regional median equivalised income. Data are for 2011.

Region Median
income
(Intl. $)
Below 40%
of median
income
Below 50%
of median
income
Below 60%
of median
income
Arica and Parinacota 7,420 9.3% 17.8% 24.9%
Tarapacá 9,235 13.0% 18.6% 25.9%
Antofagasta 11,246 10.4% 16.1% 24.0%
Atacama 8,708 13.7% 19.3% 25.7%
Coquimbo 7,125 9.6% 16.7% 23.1%
Valparaíso 7,045 10.2% 16.4% 23.6%
Santiago 8,909 11.0% 17.4% 24.0%
O'Higgins 7,688 9.2% 16.2% 22.4%
Maule 6,149 6.8% 13.4% 22.0%
Biobío 6,082 9.4% 15.4% 23.0%
Araucanía 5,473 11.1% 16.2% 24.4%
Los Ríos 6,205 9.1% 14.9% 22.9%
Los Lagos 6,532 9.3% 14.7% 22.3%
Aisén 9,066 12.4% 18.8% 25.2%
Magallanes 9,927 10.0% 16.2% 24.2%
 Chile 7,688 10.7% 17.6% 24.7%

Sources: Ministry of Social Development of Chile's Casen Survey 2011 (monthly monetary income); OECD's StatExtracts database (2011 PPP for actual individual consumption).
Notes: Income is the median of monthly household monetary income (self-generated income plus government cash transfers) divided by the square root of household size, excluding live-in domestic workers and their family. The result is multiplied by 12 and divided by the "PPP for actual individual consumption" for 2011 (425.368652) to obtain annual income in International dollars.

Health[edit]

By average death age[edit]

Chilean regions by the average death age in years in 2002. This should not be confused with life expectancy.

Region Men Women Total
Arica and Parinacota + Tarapacá 61.0 67.7 63.8
Antofagasta 60.6 67.8 63.7
Atacama 64.4 69.1 66.4
Coquimbo 65.5 70.2 67.6
Valparaíso 66.7 72.5 69.4
Santiago 63.8 67.4 65.5
O'Higgins 64.1 69.3 66.3
Maule 64.6 71.4 67.5
Biobío 63.1 70.1 66.1
Araucanía 63.9 71.1 67.0
Los Ríos + Los Lagos 62.6 69.4 65.5
Aisén 56.2 62.4 58.5
Magallanes 63.3 71.4 66.6
 Chile 63.8 70.9 67.2

Source: "Demografía: Ganancias en años de vida y riesgo de muerte, 1992-2002." National Statistics Office.

By life expectancy[edit]

Chilean regions by life expectancy at birth in 2007.

Region Men
(years)
Women
(years)
Arica and Parinacota 75.20 82.09
Tarapacá 75.74 80.32
Antofagasta 73.34 78.75
Atacama 75.28 81.19
Coquimbo 76.13 82.02
Valparaíso 74.93 80.27
Santiago 75.62 81.05
O'Higgins 74.95 80.22
Maule 74.37 79.77
Biobío 74.13 80.64
Araucanía 74.48 80.51
Los Ríos 74.15 80.60
Los Lagos 73.24 80.19
Aisén 74.13 83.60
Magallanes 73.81 80.35
 Chile 74.95 80.66

Source: "Evolución de la Mortalidad en Chile: Según Causas de Muerte y Edad 1990-2007," National Statistics Office.

Education[edit]

By literacy rate[edit]

Chilean regions by literacy rate in persons over 15 years of age.

Region 2009 2011
Arica and Parinacota 98.7 98.6
Tarapacá 97.8 98.8
Antofagasta 98.4 98.9
Atacama 97.7 97.2
Coquimbo 96.2 96.4
Valparaíso 97.6 97.5
Santiago 98.2 98.2
O'Higgins 94.0 94.7
Maule 92.3 92.3
Biobío 94.8 95.0
Araucanía 93.1 94.6
Los Ríos 94.7 94.7
Los Lagos 94.8 95.4
Aisén 95.6 95.5
Magallanes 97.9 98.4
 Chile 96.5 96.7

Sources: Casen Survey 2009, Ministry of Social Development of Chile (2009 data). Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile (2011 data).

By mean years of schooling[edit]

Chilean regions by the average years of school completed successfully in persons over 15 years of age in 2011.

Region Men Women Total
Arica and Parinacota 11.0 10.7 10.9
Tarapacá 11.1 10.8 10.9
Antofagasta 11.5 11.0 11.2
Atacama 10.4 10.1 10.2
Coquimbo 10.3 10.1 10.1
Valparaíso 11.0 10.7 10.8
Santiago 11.4 11.1 11.2
O'Higgins 9.9 9.6 9.7
Maule 9.0 9.1 9.1
Biobío 9.9 9.7 9.8
Araucanía 9.3 9.3 9.3
Los Ríos 9.9 9.6 9.7
Los Lagos 9.5 9.2 9.3
Aisén 9.9 9.9 9.9
Magallanes 11.1 10.5 10.8
 Chile 10.6 10.4 10.5

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By level of educational attainment[edit]

Chilean regions by highest level of educational attainment in persons over 15 years of age in 2011.

Region No formal
education
Incomplete
primary
Complete
primary
Incomplete
secondary
Complete
secondary
Incomplete
tertiary
Complete
tertiary
Complete
primary
or more
Complete
secondary
or more
Arica and Parinacota 1.6% 11.1% 8.3% 23.4% 33.2% 10.6% 11.9% 87.3% 55.7%
Tarapacá 1.8% 9.0% 10.5% 22.1% 36.1% 10.0% 10.4% 89.1% 56.5%
Antofagasta 1.5% 7.7% 9.2% 22.7% 34.0% 11.3% 13.5% 90.8% 58.8%
Atacama 3.6% 12.5% 11.7% 23.4% 30.9% 8.6% 9.3% 83.9% 48.8%
Coquimbo 3.2% 14.8% 11.7% 21.1% 29.7% 9.7% 9.8% 82.0% 49.2%
Valparaíso 2.7% 11.8% 10.1% 19.5% 29.0% 13.0% 13.9% 85.5% 55.9%
Santiago 2.0% 10.4% 9.1% 20.3% 29.8% 12.2% 16.3% 87.6% 58.2%
O'Higgins 4.0% 19.7% 11.3% 20.1% 26.4% 8.7% 9.8% 76.3% 44.9%
Maule 5.3% 23.6% 14.6% 18.5% 24.0% 6.8% 7.2% 71.1% 38.0%
Biobío 3.7% 19.0% 11.2% 21.4% 25.9% 8.7% 10.1% 77.3% 44.7%
Araucanía 5.6% 22.3% 12.2% 19.5% 23.0% 8.0% 9.3% 72.1% 40.3%
Los Ríos 4.0% 20.1% 12.5% 19.2% 25.2% 9.4% 9.6% 75.8% 44.1%
Los Lagos 3.4% 22.1% 15.4% 20.1% 23.7% 7.3% 8.1% 74.5% 39.1%
Aisén 4.4% 17.7% 13.5% 20.4% 23.2% 7.3% 13.5% 78.0% 44.0%
Magallanes 1.3% 12.1% 12.1% 19.7% 29.0% 11.5% 14.2% 86.6% 54.7%
 Chile 3.0% 14.5% 10.7% 20.4% 28.2% 10.5% 12.8% 82.6% 51.6%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By net enrollment ratio in education[edit]

Chilean regions by net enrollment ratio in education in 2011.

Region Preschool
(0–5 years)
Primary
(6–13 years)
Secondary
(14–17 years)
Tertiary
(18–24 years)
Arica and Parinacota 42.92 91.17 76.65 38.67
Tarapacá 47.51 94.52 70.82 28.16
Antofagasta 38.13 91.90 70.78 28.26
Atacama 38.14 94.13 73.93 23.01
Coquimbo 47.43 93.00 68.95 33.89
Valparaíso 50.23 91.37 71.63 42.96
Santiago 43.15 92.38 72.91 35.03
O'Higgins 41.89 95.41 63.00 28.60
Maule 43.38 93.10 67.49 26.31
Biobío 40.76 93.45 71.83 31.62
Araucanía 45.49 93.40 73.25 29.55
Los Ríos 38.49 94.18 69.83 33.88
Los Lagos 40.42 92.88 71.43 25.78
Aisén 52.28 94.39 69.30 22.42
Magallanes 51.16 94.40 72.50 43.87
 Chile 43.50 92.84 71.39 33.86

Sources: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: Data exclude special education.

By gross enrollment ratio in education[edit]

Chilean regions by gross enrollment ratio in education in 2011.

Region Preschool Primary Secondary Tertiary
Arica and Parinacota 47.75 100.11 92.17 44.84
Tarapacá 53.52 106.56 83.20 37.14
Antofagasta 45.20 101.59 97.82 35.93
Atacama 44.36 103.74 94.51 28.65
Coquimbo 53.90 102.30 86.39 41.16
Valparaíso 58.52 102.30 97.58 58.41
Santiago 51.15 103.29 91.23 50.56
O'Higgins 47.93 112.65 78.90 44.71
Maule 51.17 107.41 86.45 33.08
Biobío 46.54 107.04 90.03 41.30
Araucanía 53.87 104.05 88.60 36.92
Los Ríos 44.88 106.94 85.72 43.84
Los Lagos 48.88 107.33 92.73 34.09
Aisén 58.69 107.66 91.49 31.23
Magallanes 58.03 106.07 86.08 59.49
 Chile 50.93 104.69 90.33 45.82

Sources: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: Data exclude special education.

Basic services[edit]

By access to drinking water[edit]

Chilean regions by population living in homes with access to drinking water in 2011, by source.

Region Public supply
network
Water well
or noria
River, slope,
lake or stream
Water
truck
Other
source
Arica and Parinacota 96.2% 1.4% 0.7% 1.5% 0.2%
Tarapacá 96.4% 0.4% 1.2% 1.3% 0.6%
Antofagasta 99.3% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.3%
Atacama 96.2% 0.3% 0.6% 2.9% 0.1%
Coquimbo 96.5% 1.5% 0.9% 0.9% 0.3%
Valparaíso 96.5% 1.7% 0.2% 0.7% 1.0%
Santiago 99.0% 0.5% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2%
O'Higgins 96.9% 2.2% 0.3% 0.4% 0.2%
Maule 89.2% 7.8% 2.4% 0.2% 0.3%
Biobío 88.5% 8.5% 2.2% 0.1% 0.6%
Araucanía 75.8% 15.0% 7.6% 1.1% 0.5%
Los Ríos 78.3% 10.3% 10.8% 0.3% 0.3%
Los Lagos 82.2% 11.4% 4.5% 0.1% 1.9%
Aisén 92.6% 1.0% 6.3% 0.0% 0.1%
Magallanes 98.3% 0.9% 0.3% 0.0% 0.4%
 Chile 94.0% 3.7% 1.5% 0.4% 0.5%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By access to sewage treatment[edit]

Chilean regions by population living in homes with access to house sewage treatment in 2011, by type.

Region Sanitary
sewer
Septic
tank
Dry
well
Other None
Arica and Parinacota 91.8% 4.2% 3.8% 0.0% 0.2%
Tarapacá 96.0% 1.5% 2.1% 0.0% 0.4%
Antofagasta 98.2% 0.9% 0.7% 0.0% 0.2%
Atacama 94.0% 3.2% 2.4% 0.0% 0.3%
Coquimbo 86.4% 8.1% 5.2% 0.1% 0.2%
Valparaíso 90.2% 7.7% 1.7% 0.2% 0.2%
Santiago 96.8% 2.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.3%
O'Higgins 70.2% 22.1% 7.0% 0.0% 0.6%
Maule 73.0% 17.3% 8.3% 0.2% 1.2%
Biobío 82.6% 10.7% 6.1% 0.1% 0.4%
Araucanía 70.5% 10.8% 18.2% 0.2% 0.3%
Los Ríos 69.5% 20.5% 9.4% 0.0% 0.5%
Los Lagos 72.6% 9.4% 17.1% 0.1% 0.8%
Aisén 89.5% 6.6% 3.8% 0.0% 0.1%
Magallanes 97.8% 1.3% 0.8% 0.0% 0.1%
 Chile 87.9% 7.2% 4.5% 0.1% 0.4%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By access to electricity[edit]

Chilean regions by population living in homes with access to electricity in 2011, by source.

Region Public
network
Own/community
generator
Solar
panel
Other
source
None
Arica and Parinacota 98.2% 0.8% 0.1% 0.5% 0.5%
Tarapacá 98.5% 0.9% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4%
Antofagasta 98.3% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1% 0.9%
Atacama 98.0% 0.9% 0.3% 0.1% 0.7%
Coquimbo 98.7% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% 0.5%
Valparaíso 99.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.7% 0.1%
Santiago 99.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0%
O'Higgins 99.4% 0.1% 0.0% 0.2% 0.3%
Maule 99.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.5%
Biobío 99.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 0.4%
Araucanía 98.2% 0.2% 0.0% 0.4% 1.2%
Los Ríos 99.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.7%
Los Lagos 97.6% 1.3% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6%
Aisén 98.5% 0.4% 0.1% 0.2% 0.8%
Magallanes 99.5% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1%
 Chile 99.3% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.3%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

Ownership[edit]

By ownership of goods and services[edit]

Chilean regions by percentage of households owning at least one car, an automatic washing machine, a refrigerator, a water heater, a fixed telephone line, a mobile phone and subscribed to cable/satellite television in 2011.

Region Vehicle Automatic washing
machine
Refrigerator Water
heater
Fixed telephone
line
Mobile
phone
Cable/Sat. TV
connection
Arica and Parinacota 36.3% 66.7% 77.2% 39.0% 44.2% 94.1% 45.1%
Tarapacá 32.0% 60.9% 67.1% 35.4% 40.5% 93.3% 39.6%
Antofagasta 32.5% 68.5% 74.1% 57.8% 57.4% 95.6% 58.5%
Atacama 28.3% 61.9% 77.2% 56.5% 39.6% 95.4% 39.9%
Coquimbo 28.8% 61.6% 77.1% 58.4% 28.5% 95.3% 33.6%
Valparaíso 26.6% 71.3% 82.2% 71.0% 45.9% 92.5% 47.7%
Santiago 29.7% 73.2% 80.6% 70.9% 57.0% 93.6% 39.9%
O'Higgins 31.0% 69.7% 82.3% 66.2% 27.0% 95.6% 47.7%
Maule 27.3% 66.6% 79.6% 50.4% 16.1% 95.3% 30.5%
Biobío 25.6% 72.0% 79.9% 42.2% 32.2% 94.5% 42.5%
Araucanía 25.4% 66.7% 75.7% 38.9% 26.2% 92.7% 29.3%
Los Ríos 24.7% 71.2% 77.9% 36.9% 29.5% 94.1% 38.7%
Los Lagos 26.4% 73.6% 81.1% 36.1% 24.6% 95.3% 42.3%
Aisén 39.2% 83.2% 86.2% 57.3% 24.6% 93.9% 51.5%
Magallanes 45.5% 74.3% 84.0% 79.1% 56.9% 92.8% 54.7%
 Chile 28.7% 70.8% 79.8% 59.8% 42.7% 94.0% 41.0%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: Data refer to family nucleus, except "mobile phone" and "fixed telephone line" data, which refer to households.

By computer ownership and Internet access[edit]

Chilean regions by personal computer ownership and Internet access in 2011.

Although only households with personal computers were asked if they had Internet access, the percentages shown here for both indicators are in relation to the total households in each region.

Region At least one
computer in
the household
Internet
access
Arica and Parinacota 46.6% 35.3%
Tarapacá 42.9% 34.6%
Antofagasta 54.0% 44.6%
Atacama 43.0% 30.4%
Coquimbo 39.7% 29.8%
Valparaíso 47.2% 34.8%
Santiago 49.5% 39.8%
O'Higgins 42.3% 28.1%
Maule 32.7% 20.0%
Biobío 40.2% 26.8%
Araucanía 32.9% 20.9%
Los Ríos 38.3% 26.7%
Los Lagos 37.3% 27.0%
Aisén 48.8% 35.8%
Magallanes 55.7% 39.2%
 Chile 44.5% 33.4%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.
Note: Data exclude mobile phone Internet access.

By mobile phone ownership[edit]

Chilean regions by population over the age of 15 owning a mobile phone in 2011.

Region  % of regional
population
over 15
Arica and Parinacota 90.7%
Tarapacá 93.4%
Antofagasta 97.4%
Atacama 97.4%
Coquimbo 93.9%
Valparaíso 90.9%
Santiago 90.1%
O'Higgins 94.5%
Maule 95.1%
Biobío 90.8%
Araucanía 90.1%
Los Ríos 92.3%
Los Lagos 93.4%
Aisén 97.3%
Magallanes 93.4%
 Chile 91.6%

Source: Casen Survey 2011, Ministry of Social Development of Chile.

By electorate[edit]

Chilean regions by population registered to vote in the 28 October 2012 municipal election as of 30 June 2012 (registration deadline). Please note that Chileans born in Chile are automatically enrolled.

Region Enrolled
men
Enrolled
women
Enrolled
total
Men of
voting age
Women of
voting age
Voting age
population
E/VAP ratio
Men
E/VAP ratio
Women
E/VAP ratio
Total
Arica and Parinacota 86,777 83,744 170,521 61,482 69,090 130,572 141.1% 121.2% 130.6%
Tarapacá 110,862 105,991 216,853 123,726 112,390 236,116 89.6% 94.3% 91.8%
Antofagasta 207,865 204,518 412,383 220,600 199,989 420,590 94.2% 102.3% 98.0%
Atacama 110,406 108,717 219,123 103,866 99,277 203,143 106.3% 109.5% 107.9%
Coquimbo 257,793 270,799 528,592 264,626 275,644 540,270 97.4% 98.2% 97.8%
Valparaíso 703,110 752,801 1,455,911 655,608 693,352 1,348,960 107.2% 108.6% 107.9%
Santiago 2,508,422 2,743,434 5,251,856 2,503,209 2,700,807 5,204,016 100.2% 101.6% 100.9%
O'Higgins 341,873 348,904 690,777 333,154 329,673 662,826 102.6% 105.8% 104.2%
Maule 393,346 407,300 800,646 371,827 382,371 754,199 105.8% 106.5% 106.2%
Biobío 789,249 837,039 1,626,288 740,687 780,951 1,521,638 106.6% 107.2% 106.9%
Araucanía 396,403 409,163 805,566 349,552 364,606 714,158 113.4% 112.2% 112.8%
Los Ríos 158,554 162,596 321,150 138,550 142,148 280,698 114.4% 114.4% 114.4%
Los Lagos 327,881 333,800 661,681 316,363 306,929 623,292 103.6% 108.8% 106.2%
Aisén 47,425 42,583 90,008 40,412 35,537 75,950 117.4% 119.8% 118.5%
Magallanes 81,474 71,255 152,729 63,257 56,295 119,552 128.8% 126.6% 127.8%
 Chile 6,521,440 6,882,644 13,404,084 6,286,920 6,549,060 12,835,981 103.7% 105.1% 104.4%

Note: "E/VAP ratio" is "Enrolled" divided by "Voting Age Population" multiplied by 100. The electoral roll includes all Chileans and foreigners (5-year residence) over the age of 18 on election day (28 October 2012) whose right to vote has not been suspended. The National Statistics Office provides population data estimated for June 30 of each year disaggregated by age. Linear interpolation was applied to obtain the population for election day (28 October 2012).
Sources: National Statistics Office (Chile's population), Electoral Service (electorate).

By prison inmates and incarceration rate[edit]

Chilean regions by prison inmates and incarceration rate as of November 30, 2010.

Region Prison inmates
Men
Prison inmates
Women
Prison inmates
Total
Incarceration rate
Male
Incarceration rate
Female
Incarceration rate
Total
Country comparison
Arica and Parinacota 1,883 384 2,267 2,096 404 1,226 none, too high
Tarapacá 2,247 391 2,638 1,376 259 839 none, too high
Antofagasta 2,181 214 2,395 728 78 416  Anguilla
Atacama 1,093 153 1,246 763 111 444  Belize
Coquimbo 2,049 139 2,188 576 38 304  Puerto Rico
Valparaíso 5,120 444 5,564 591 50 316  Latvia
Santiago 19,299 2,225 21,524 575 63 313  Thailand
O'Higgins 2,498 195 2,693 561 45 305  Puerto Rico
Maule 2,091 113 2,204 416 22 219  Swaziland
Biobío 3,739 253 3,992 373 24 196  Gabon
Araucanía 2,395 104 2,499 498 21 258  Estonia
Los Ríos 1,185 36 1,221 625 19 322  Panama
Los Lagos 1,908 69 1,977 449 17 236  United Arab Emirates
Aisén 201 5 206 364 10 196  Gabon
Magallanes 336 9 345 403 12 217  Swaziland
 Chile 48,225 4,734 52,959 570 55 310  Guam

Note: Incarceration rate is number of inmates per 100,000 inhabitants.
Sources: Chilean Gendarmerie (prison inmates), National Statistics Office (Chile's population as of June 30, 2010), International Centre for Prison Studies, accessed on December 9, 2010 (country comparison).

By national HDI[edit]

Chilean regions by their human development index. This is an HDI constructed for Chile and it is not comparable to HDIs for other countries.

Region 1990 2003
Arica and Parinacota + Tarapacá 0.740 0.775
Antofagasta 0.698 0.776
Atacama 0.710 0.768
Coquimbo 0.665 0.761
Valparaíso 0.689 0.769
Santiago 0.726 0.812
O'Higgins 0.658 0.736
Maule 0.624 0.720
Biobío 0.628 0.735
Araucanía 0.612 0.717
Los Ríos + Los Lagos 0.632 0.721
Aisén 0.652 0.742
Magallanes 0.712 0.788
 Chile 0.694 0.773

Source: "Desarrollo Humano en Chile - El poder: ¿para qué y para quién?." United Nations Development Programme, 2004.

By international HDI (old methodology)[edit]


██ 0.885-0.909
██ 0.860-0.884
██ 0.835-0.859
██ 0.809-0.834.

Chilean regions by their human development index, using the latest available data. This HDI has been calculated using the same formulae used by the UNDP for its world Human Development Report up until its 2009 report, and as such it is internationally comparable.

Region HDI Life expectancy
at birth
(2001-2002)
Adult literacy
rate
(2009)
Combined gross
enrollment ratio
(2009)
GDP (PPP)
per capita
(2008)
Arica and Parinacota + Tarapacá 0.913 77.1 98.1 94.0 19,885
Antofagasta 0.935 75.3 98.4 90.3 48,783
Atacama 0.896 77.5 97.7 82.1 19,130
Coquimbo 0.867 78.4 96.2 86.6 10,170
Valparaíso 0.876 77.2 97.6 91.6 11,687
Santiago 0.898 77.9 98.2 90.5 16,379
O'Higgins 0.852 76.7 94.0 76.2 12,170
Maule 0.831 76.2 92.3 83.7 8,012
Biobío 0.853 76.2 94.8 89.0 9,342
Araucanía 0.810 76.2 93.1 80.4 5,457
Los Ríos + Los Lagos 0.833 75.9 94.8 83.0 7,730
Aisén 0.851 76.9 95.6 73.7 10,468
Magallanes 0.873 75.7 97.9 86.5 13,109
 Chile 0.885 77.4 96.5 87.8 15,327

Sources: National Statistics Office (life expectancy at birth (2001-2002), population of school age (6-22 years) and total population by region), Ministry of Social Development of Chile's 2009 Casen Survey (adult literacy rate), Ministry of Education's Department of Studies and Development (primary and secondary school enrollment), Ministry of Education's Higher Education Division (tertiary school enrollment), Central Bank of Chile (regional and national gross domestic product), World Bank's World Development Indicators (PPP conversion factor for GDP).

By population by settlement type[edit]

Chilean regions by their population living in cities (ciudades), towns (pueblos), villages (aldeas) and hamlets (caseríos), according to the 2002 census.

Region Population
in cities
Population
in towns
Population
in villages
Population
in hamlets
Population in other
rural areas
Arica and Parinacota + Tarapacá 396,411 6,727 5,036 7,620 12,800
Antofagasta 479,061 3,485 2,233 2,142 7,063
Atacama 226,266 6,353 5,785 7,656 8,276
Coquimbo 445,398 25,524 52,246 29,429 50,613
Valparaíso 1,362,077 47,825 50,834 27,372 51,744
Santiago 5,822,316 52,697 60,667 30,825 94,680
O'Higgins 468,309 80,275 52,246 29,429 150,368
Maule 525,530 77,490 52,246 29,429 223,402
Biobío 1,436,104 92,202 65,032 55,060 213,164
Araucanía 520,326 68,082 11,726 10,238 259,163
Los Ríos + Los Lagos 661,486 72,893 42,111 48,829 247,816
Aisén 61,786 11,821 6,838 2,777 8,270
Magallanes 132,983 6,686 1,629 2,435 7,093
 Chile 12,538,053 552,060 408,629 283,241 1,334,452

Source: "Chile: Ciudades, Pueblos, Aldeas y Caseríos 2005." National Statistics Office, June 2005.

By largest cities[edit]

Largest cities within a region, according to the 2002 census. In all regions, the largest city is also the regional capital.

Region Largest city 2nd Largest 3rd Largest
Arica and Parinacota Arica none none
Tarapacá Iquique Alto Hospicio Pozo Almonte
Antofagasta Antofagasta Calama Tocopilla
Atacama Copiapó Vallenar Caldera
Coquimbo Greater La Serena (conurbation) Ovalle Illapel
Valparaíso Greater Valparaíso (conurbation) Quillota (conurbation) San Antonio (conurbation)
Santiago Santiago Metropolis (conurbation) Peñaflor (includes Malloco) Colina (absorption and conurbation)
O'Higgins Rancagua (conurbation) San Fernando Rengo
Maule Talca (absorption) Curicó Linares
Biobío Greater Concepción (conurbation) Chillán (conurbation) Los Ángeles
Araucanía Greater Temuco (conurbation) Angol Villarrica
Los Ríos Valdivia (absorption) La Unión Río Bueno
Los Lagos Puerto Montt Osorno Castro
Aisén Coihaique Puerto Aisén none
Magallanes Punta Arenas Puerto Natales none

Source: "Chile: Ciudades, Pueblos, Aldeas y Caseríos 2005." National Statistics Office, June 2005.

Other references[edit]