Ranunculus abortivus

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Ranunculus abortivus
Ranunculus abortivus.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: R. abortivus
Binomial name
Ranunculus abortivus

Ranunculus abortivus is a species of flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Its common names include littleleaf buttercup, small-flower crowfoot,[1] small-flowered buttercup,[2] and kidneyleaf buttercup.[3] It is native to North America, with a distribution that covers much of the northern, eastern and central part of the continent.[4]

This species produces erect, hairless stems 10 to 60 centimeters tall. Each stem can bear up to 50 flowers. The flower has five petals up to 3.5 millimeters long.[5]

The plant had a variety of uses among Native American groups. The Cherokee cooked and ate the leaves. They used it medicinally for abscesses and sore throat and as a sedative. The Iroquois used it for snakebite and poisoning, smallpox, and toothache.[6]


  1. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  2. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  3. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. NatureServe. 2012.
  4. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. USDA PLANTS.
  5. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. Flora of North America.
  6. ^ Ranunculus abortivus. Native American Ethnobotany. University of Michigan, Dearborn.