Rao Farman Ali

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Rao Farman Ali
Rao Farman Ali.jpg
Major General Rao Farman Ali in 1969
Birth name Rao Farman Ali
Born 1923
Rohtak , East Punjab , British India
Died January 21, 2004
Rawalpindi, Punjab province
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1942–1973
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major-General
Service number PA – 1364
Unit 26th Field Artillery Regiment
Commands held Paramilitary Command
National Defence University
Army Special Forces Group
Corps of Military Police

World War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

Awards Sitara-i-Imtiaz (military) (withdraw)
Other work Bangladeshi Genocide Involvement
Mass repression of MRD movement

Major-General Rao Farman Ali Khan (Urdu: راؤ فرمان علی; English IPA: Rəoʊ Fərmən ɑlɪ; 1923 – January 21, 2004)[citation needed] was a senior and high profile officer who commanded combatant assets and elements of the Corps of Military Police during the East-Pakistan war and following the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. As commander of Military police and senior military adviser as well, Ali executed and oversaw the internal and external deployment and operations of military police in East-Pakistan and security forces including the Volunteers unit.[citation needed] Initially a forward observer in Regiment of Artillery and later as military adviser in East Pakistan, Ali was one of the most powerful men in East-Pakistan and one of the persons allegedly or directly responsible for 1971 atrocities.[citation needed]

Though Ali has denied such allegations, the Hamoodur Rahman Commission proved the involvement of misconducts and atrocities of Pakistan Armed Forces personnel.[1] Ali remains a controversial figure with many of his colleagues and his superior officers accusing Ali for being a "conspirator" of the war in East Pakistan.[citation needed] After the war, Ali was forced out of the military and was dishonored by the government, withdrawing all of the military badges bestowed him earlier.[citation needed] However, after Bhutto's death in 1979, General Zia-ul-Haq appointed him as his adviser and is widely held responsible for crushing down the MRD movement, with many activists were tortured and killed.[citation needed] After Zia's death, Ali went underground and died in 2004 after a brief illness in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.[citation needed]

Doubts on Rao's version of 1971[edit]

Mr Altaf Gohar, recounted an incident from his memory. One of Gohar's friends told him that a hit list had been drawn up for elimination of certain Bangalis. A friend of his was also in the list and he requested Gohar if he could do something to save his friend. Gohar then took the matter to one of his close friends who was a common friend with Farman. Gohar's friend met with Farman and requested him to drop the name from his hit list. " Farman took, said Gaohar's friend, a diary out of his drawer and crossed the name out. The name was of Mr Sanaul Huq and he was spared." After civil war of 1971 Farman's diary was recovered from the ruins of the Governor's house. The copy of a page from the diary shows the list of intellectuals from Dhaka University. 14 of them were killed on 14 December 1971.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report
  2. ^ Mamoon, Muntassir; translation by Kushal Ibrahim (June 2000). The Vanquished Generals and the Liberation War of Bangladesh (First ed.). Somoy Prokashon. p. 29. ISBN 984-458-210-5. 

External links[edit]