||Rap rock, punk rock, hip hop, hardcore punk
||Mid-to-late 1980s, United States
||Vocals, electric guitar, bass, drums, turntables, sampler, keyboard
|Rap metal, crunkcore
Rapcore (sometimes referred to as punk rap or rap punk) is a subgenre of rap rock fusing vocal and instrumental elements of hip hop with punk rock and hardcore punk.
||This section requires expansion. (April 2013)
The start of rapcore, starts with the birth of rap rock. in the early 1980s bands such as Blondie (with their song "Rapture") and The Clash (with their song "The Magnificent Seven") however rap rock was not seen as a true style until Hollis natives Run-D.M.C. covered Aerosmith's song "Walk This Way" in 1986 with members of Aerosmith. 3 years prior saw Beastie Boys, also New York natives, a (then) Hardcore Punk band release Cooky Puss, an experimental hip-hop 12-inch, which saw them transition into a hip-hop group, who still used rock elements, sampling AC/DC's Back In Black on their first Major Label effort Rock Hard on Def Jam in 1985. 1986 saw the release of their debut album featuring some of the earliest known original rap-rock songs most notably (You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!) & No Sleep till Brooklyn both released in 1987. This was the beginning of the fusions of rap and various styles of rock music. The Beastie Boys went to be one of the greatest hip-hop and alternative music acts of all time. Rapcore music also has major roots stemming from Funk Metal with such acts as Red Hot Chili Peppers and their song Fight Like a Brave, also released in 1987 off their third album The Uplift Mofo Party Plan and 24-7 Spyz's Debut Album Harder Than You, which featured notable tracks like Grandma's Dynamite & Spill My Guts
Most early Rapcore & rap-rock music was more of a funk metal orientation lead by bands such as Clawfinger who started in 1989. Clawfinger released their first demo in 1990 with an Early version of their first single "N*gger", which they went on to record for their debut album Deaf Dumb Blind, released in 1993, which went on to sell 600,000 copies, mainly in their homeland Sweeden and Across Europe. 1991 Saw Thrash metal band Anthrax record a version of "Bring the Noise" with Public Enemy and is another highly influential song along the same lines as the RUN-D.M.C cover of walk this way. Also in 1991, guitarist Tom Morello after leaving his band Lock Up started looking to start a new band when he ended up seeing rapper Zach De La Rocha freestyling live, who, along with Brad Wilk of Greta on drums and Zack's childhood friend Tim Commerford on bass formed Rage Against the Machine.
On November 3, 1992. Rage Against the Machine's debut album was released. It went to #1 on the Billboard Heatseekers chart, and #45 on the Billboard 200 chart becoming the first pure rap-rock/Rapcore album to top the Billboard charts. Though it wasn't until the release of the Judgment Night soundtrack on September 14, 1993 that Rapcore music had its own showcasing of various artists to define what it truly was.
The Judgment Night soundtrack was notable for having many of the top metal, punk, grunge and rock bands of the time like Slayer, Pearl Jam, Faith No More & Dinosaur Jr. collaborate with artists such as Ice-T, Cypress Hill, Boo-Yaa T.R.I.B.E. & Del tha Funkee Homosapien respectively. The album peaked at #17 on the Billboard 200 and spawned four singles, "Fallin'" by Teenage Fanclub and De La Soul, "Another Body Murdered" by Faith No More and Boo-Yaa T.R.I.B.E., "Just Another Victim" by Helmet and House of Pain, and "Judgment Night" by Biohazard and Onyx. It was the first and only Rapcore compilation to reach the Billboard top 200 and the first known Rapcore compilation to appear in the mainstream.
In the 1990s nu-metal fused elements of alternative metal, rap, funk, groove metal, grunge, electronic music and hardcore punk, however not rapcore, it is a related style and some bands, such as Limp Bizkit and Linkin Park, have sometimes been classed as both rapcore and nu-metal. However notable rapcore band Hed PE, started in 1994. In the late 80's and early 90's Digital Hardcore music mixed elements of hardcore techno, hardcore punk, drum and bass, rave, thrash metal, hip hop and others, however not considered a sub-genre to rapcore it is still somewhat related with having both elements of hardcore punk, and hip hop, most notable band being Atari Teenage Riot.
In the 2000s there has been little talk about rapcore, however some bands such as Hollywood Undead and Deez Nuts are part of this style. In the 2000s Crunkcore, fuses elements of screamo and crunk, some notable bands include brokenCYDE and Blood on The Dance Floor.
Rapcore in the 2000s/2010s is not as popular in the mainstream rock scene as it used to be, with more bands going in the direction of metalcore or alternative rock, however some bands do still adorn the style, bands such as Hollywood Undead, Hyro Da Hero and Deez Nuts. Another related style of music called crunkcore, which fuses screamo and crunk, is related to this style since screamo is a sub-genre of hardcore punk, and crunk is a sub-genre of hip-hop, some notable bands included brokenCYDE and Blood on The Dance Floor. Crunkcore without screams is sometimes called crunk rock, however this term is not an official name, crunkcore is still the official name for the genre, screams or no screams. Warped Tour co-creator and CEO Kevin Lyman calls the group 3OH!3 as "the real tipping point for scrunk", and said that "though 3OH!3 doesn't incorporate the blood-curdling screams of many scrunk acts, they were the first emo-influenced act to depart from traditional instruments in favor of pre-programmed beats", while still retaining many of the stylistic elements of emo.
Rapcore bands tend to take influences from a lot of different genres, from punk, street punk, hardcore punk, metal, metalcore, hard rock, hip hop, funk, gangsta rap, some even taking influences from folk and classic rock(such as Rage Against the Machine and the Beastie Boys).
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- ^ Bush, John (2002). "Limp Bizkit". All Music Guide to Rock. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 656. ISBN 0-87930-653-X. "One of the most energetic groups in the fusion of metal, punk and hip-hop sometimes known as rapcore".
- ^ "Scrunk happens: We're not fans, but the kids seem to like it".