Rape in Egypt

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Rape is one of the most common crimes in Egypt.[1] Marital rape is not illegal in the country. By 2008, U.N. quoted Egypt's Interior Ministry's figure that 20,000 rapes take place every year, although according to the activist Engy Ghozlan (ECWR), rapes are 10 times higher than the stats given by Interior Ministry, making it 200,000 per year.[2] Mona Eltahawy has also noted the same figure (200,000), and added that it was before the revolution, today the number is actually higher.[3]

Rapes have been carried out during the Egyptian protest, that includes the public rapes carried on women, including the female journalists.[4]

Prevalence[edit]

Rapes are usually not reported in Egypt, due to the fear of social rejection and culturally it's not accepted.

Rania Hamid from Centre for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance(CEWLA) tells that no one comes and tells that they have been raped, saying "Girls consider it to be quite enough that a few people know about the rape." Rania Hamid further describes the problem, that even if a girl would reveal that she has been raped, the whole issue would take form of honour, she told that "There are problems of honour. Sometimes a brother or cousin may kill her, saying ‘you wanted this, you encouraged this, you’re not honourable, and what is that you are wearing’?... Of course it’s not her fault, but who are you going to tell that to? The girl or society?"[5]

As per the US State Department country report, "honour crimes" are not actually illegal in Egypt.

Farah Shash, a psychologist explains that young boys are rarely stopped or opposed by their parents for molesting girls publicly, it's because the children always saw the same behavior around them. Shash further adds that "Often, families will just laugh".[6] According Seif el-Dawla who runs a center in the country told that "Sexual molestation and harassment ... is routine for women who come across police".

Egyptian Centre for Women's Rights (ECWR) has called the problem "social cancer" and suggested that dress code is not deterrent at all. ECWR had carried out a survey in 2008 which shows that 83 percent of Egyptian women and 98 percent of foreign women within Egypt had experienced sexual harassment at some time, and only 12% had went to police for complaining such issue. More over 62% of Egyptian men admitted harassing women, and 53% of Egyptian men have blamed women for 'bringing it on.'[7]

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality in May 23 reported that estimated of 99.3% of Egyptian women said they faced some form of sexual violence.[8]

In some of the cases, rape has been connected to some religious issues.[9] Activists reported that Muslim Brotherhood pays for raping women and beating men.[10]

Child abuse[edit]

Egypt remains one of the most common country for forced marriage as well as child marriage, along with Saudi Arabia, Yemen. An Egyptian TV series named Burying Girls Alive, shown on one of the satellite channels during Ramadan, it shows an old man simply buying a teenage girl by taking advantage of poverty.[11]

The rape of Coptic Christians children by Islamists has been documented in previous months.[12]

During protests[edit]

During the ongoing Egyptian protests, rape has been carried out publicly.

CBS correspondent Lara Logan revealed in her 60 Minutes program that she and her CBS crew were arrested and detained for one night by the Egyptian Army on 3 February 2011, while covering the Egyptian Revolution. She said the crew was blindfolded and handcuffed at gunpoint, and their driver beaten. They were advised to leave the country, but were later released.[13] On 15 February 2011, CBS News released a statement that Logan had been beaten and sexually assaulted on 11 February, while covering the celebrations in Tahrir Square following Hosni Mubarak's resignation.[14] In Logan's own words, they raped her with their hands, while taking photographs with their cellphones. They began pulling her body in different directions, pulling her hair so hard she said it seemed they were trying to tear off chunks of her scalp. Believing she was dying, she was dragged along the square to where the crowd was stopped by a fence, alongside which a group of women were camping. One woman wearing a chador put her arms around Logan, and the others closed ranks around her, while some men who were with the women threw water at the crowd. A group of soldiers appeared, beat back the crowd with batons, and one of them threw Logan over his shoulder. She was flown back to the U.S. the next day, where she spent four days in the hospital. She was contacted by US president Barack Obama when she arrived home.[15] CBS said it remained unclear who the attackers were, and unlikely that any will be prosecuted.

A female 22 year old Dutch journalist was gang raped by 5 men in the protest.[4] Salah al-Din Hassan, a 37-year-old journalist was also raped and killed by a mob.[16]

On 3 July 2013, it was reported that about 91 women were raped and sexually abused in Tahrir Square in 4 days.[17]

Such incidents don't seem to be opposed by the government or officials, but instead they seemed to have gathered support. Report by Nina Burleigh quotes Egyptian Salafi preacher Ahmad Mahmoud Abdullah, who said "women protesting in Tahrir Square 'have no shame and want to be raped."[8]

After revolution, about 50% of women have reported more harassment. 44% said that harassment remained is same as it was before, while, over 58% of men surveyed have told that harassment has been increased after revolution.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egyptian woman goes public about alleged police rape in rare TV interview". Associated Press. 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  2. ^ "EGYPT: Are attitudes to rape beginning to change?". IRIN. 2008-02-19. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  3. ^ How Safe is Egypt After the Revolution?, April 26, 2012
  4. ^ a b "Dutch female reporter gang-raped by 5 men in violent Egyptian protests". NY post. 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  5. ^ "EGYPT: Are attitudes to rape beginning to change?". IRIN. 2008-02-19. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  6. ^ "Egypt's sexual assault epidemic". Al Jazeera. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  7. ^ "Hundreds of Cairo teens arrested for 'flirting': police". breitbart.com. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  8. ^ a b "Gang rape, the dark side of Egypt's protests". CNN. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
  9. ^ "Egyptian police torture and beat believer in attempt to force her reconversion". Mission Network News. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  10. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood 'paying gangs to go out and rape women and beat men protesting in Egypt' as thousands of demonstrators pour on to the streets". Daily Mail. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  11. ^ "Child marriage: legalised rape?". Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  12. ^ "Islamists Kidnap, Rape Egypt's Christian Children". Clarion Project. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  13. ^ Kamer, Foster. "Lara Logan's Egypt Interrogation Tell-All". Esquire. 
  14. ^ Stelter, Brian (15 February 2011). "CBS Says Lara Logan Suffered 'Brutal' Attack in Cairo". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ "Lara Logan Assaulted During Egypt Protests". CBS News. 15 February 2011. 
  16. ^ Journalist killed, another raped, in Egypt protests
  17. ^ "NINETY-ONE women protesters raped and sexually abused in Tahrir Square in just four days". Daily Mail. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  18. ^ "Women in Egypt suffer more sexual violence under Islamist rule". Alarabiya. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 

Further reading[edit]