Raphael Carl Lee
Raphael Carl Lee (born October 29, 1949 Sumter, South Carolina) is an American surgeon, medical researcher, biomedical engineer, and entrepreneur.
Lee spent his childhood and adolescence in South Carolina. During medical school and graduate school he lived in Philadelphia, Chicago and Boston. Today, he practices reconstructive plastic surgery at the University of Chicago. Mostly his research has focused on advancing the care of trauma victims. Lee is recognized for the application of multiblock copolymer surfactants to mimic behavior of natural chaperone proteins to augment the body's self-repair capability following major injury. He has also contributed to understanding the biophysical mechanisms of tissue injury in victims of electrical shock.
He serves as the Paul S. and Ailene T. Russell Professor of Surgery at the University of Chicago, and holds appointments in the departments of Medicine (Dermatology), Molecular Medicine, and Organismal Biology & Anatomy. Dr. Lee is the Director of the University of Chicago's Laboratory for Molecular Regeneration.
He graduated from the University of South Carolina, in electrical engineering in 1971, and Temple University School of Medicine and Drexel University with M.D. and M.S. degrees in 1975. He was a resident in surgery at the University of Chicago Hospitals in 1975 to 1981 and at the Massachusetts General Hospital 1981 to 1983. While a resident at the University of Chicago, he enrolled in the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology doctoral program. He received a Sc.D. in bioelectrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1979.
He is Founder and Chairman of RenaCyte BioMolecular Technologies (2005) and Avocet Polymer Technologies,Inc (1997). He is affiliated with the Chicago Electrical Trauma Research Institute.
- Alpha Omega Alpha - Temple University
- Tau Beta Pi - Drexel University
- Schering Scholar in Surgery, American College of Surgeons
- Sigma Xi - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- 1981 Fellow MacArthur Fellows Program
- 1985 Scholar Searle Scholars Program
- Distinguished Medical Alumnus Award, Temple University School of Medicine
- 1894 Engineering Society - University of South Carolina
- Fellow, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering
- Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
- Fellow, Biomedical Engineering Society
- Fellow, American College of Surgeons
- Fellow, International College of Surgeons
- Fellow, American Association of Plastic Surgeons
- Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
- Member, National Academy of Engineering
- Drexel 100 Society, Drexel University
- Awarded Golden Key to City of Shanghai
- R. C. Lee, Ernest G. Cravalho, John Francis Burke, ed. (1992). Electrical trauma: the pathophysiology, manifestations and clinical management. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-38345-5.
- Raphael C Lee, Mary Capelli-Schellpfeffer, and Kathleen M. Kelley, ed. (1994). Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 0-89766-864-2.
- Chin-tu Chen, Raphael C Lee, J-X Shih, and Min-Ha Zhong, ed. (1999). Occupational Electrical Injury and Safety. New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 1-57331-232-0.
- Raphael C Lee, Florin Despa, Kimm Jon Hamann,, ed. (2005). Cell injury: mechanisms, responses, and repair. New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 978-1-57331-616-3.
- Raphael C Lee and Anna Chien The Doctor's Plague: Germs, Childbed Fever, and the Strange Story of Ignac Semmelweis. (Book Review) Perspectives in Biology and Medicine - Volume 48, Number 4, Autumn 2005, pp. 616–618
- M. Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. and R.C.Lee, "Electrical Shock” in Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Webster, J.G., Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998
- R. C. Lee, "Electrical and Lightning Injuries" in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 15th Edition, Braunwald et al., eds. McGaw-Hill, New York 2001
Author or coauthor of more than 200 journal publications and book chapters
- "Department of Surgery - Faculty - Raphael Lee, MD". University of Chicago. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- "The HistoryMakers Video Oral History Interview with Raphael Lee". The HistoryMakers. May 23, 2003. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- "Raphael C. Lee, MD, ScD, DSc (Hon)". University of Chicago Medical Center. Retrieved 2010-05-31.