Raphitomidae

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Raphitomidae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Clade: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Raphitomidae
A. Bellardi, 1875 [1]
Genera

See text

Synonyms
  • Raphitominae A. Bellardi, 1875 (new rank)

Raphitomidae is a family of small to medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Conoidea.[1][2]

Bouchet, Kantor et al. elevated in 2011 the subfamily Raphitominae (which at that point had been placed in the family Conidae) to the rank of family. This was based on a cladistical analysis of shell morphology, radular characteristics, anatomical characters, and a dataset of molecular sequences of three gene fragments [1]

Description[edit]

The Raphitomidae is the largest and most variable taxon in the Conoidea, with the greatest number of species and the largest vertical range (intertidal to hadal depths). [1]

The Raphitomidae have shells which are very variable in shape (buccinoid to ovate, elongate-fusiform, or high-cylindrical) and size (2 to 140mm in height). Similarly, shell sculpture is extremely variable, from nearly smooth to well developed spiral and axial elements and subsutural ramps. Common morphology includes apertural armature rarely well developed, inner lip usually smooth, no operculum, radular tooth hypodermic in character with marginal teeth of variable morphology (including variable length).[1]

Genera[edit]

This is a list of the accepted names of genera in the family Raphitomidae (the main reference for recent species is the World Register of Marine Species)[3]

Genera which have been brought into synonymy[edit]

  • Allo Jousseaume, 1934: synonym of Taranis Jeffreys, 1870
  • Anomalotomella Powell, 1966: synonym of Pleurotomella Verrill, 1872
  • Aspertilla Powell, 1944: synonym of Asperdaphne Hedley, 1922
  • Azorilla F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Pleurotomella Verrill, 1872
  • Azorita F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Pleurotomella Verrill, 1872
  • Bathypota F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Bathybela Kobelt, 1905
  • Cenodagreutes E.H. Smith, 1967: synonym of Raphitoma Bellardi, 1847
  • Cirillia Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Clathurina Melvill, 1917: synonym of Kermia Oliver, 1915
  • Cochlioconus Yokoyama, 1928: synonym of Thatcheria Angas, 1877
  • Cordiera: synonym of Cordieria Rouault, 1848
  • Cyrillia Kobelt, 1905: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Cyrtoides F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Raphitoma Bellardi, 1847
  • Eudaphne Bartsch, 1931: synonym of Daphnella Hinds, 1844
  • Eudaphnella Bartsch, 1933: synonym of Daphnella Hinds, 1844
  • Feliciella Lamy, 1934: synonym of Taranis Jeffreys, 1870
  • Hemidaphne Hedley, 1918: synonym of Daphnella Hinds, 1844
  • Homotoma Bellardi, 1875: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Leufroyia Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Lineotoma F. Nordsieck, 1977: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Litachilus Powell, 1944: synonym of Teleochilus Harris, 1897
  • Majox F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Gymnobela Verrill, 1884
  • Metaclathurella Shuto, 1983: synonym of Austropusilla Laseron, 1954
  • Mordica Dall, 1924: synonym of Veprecula Melvill, 1917
  • Ootoma Koperberg, 1931: synonym of Buccinaria Kittl, 1887
  • Ootomella Bartsch, 1933: synonym of Buccinaria Kittl, 1887
  • Paradaphne Laseron, 1954: synonym of Daphnella Hinds, 1844
  • Peratotoma Harris & Burrows, 1891: synonym of Philbertia Monterosato, 1884
  • Philbertia Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Raphitoma Bellardi, 1847
  • Pionotoma Kuroda, 1952: synonym of Buccinaria Kittl, 1887
  • Qii Zhang, 1995: synonym of Pseudodaphnella Boettger, 1895
  • Rhaphitoma: synonym of Raphitoma Bellardi, 1848
  • Speoides Kuroda & Habe, 1961: synonym of Spergo Dall, 1895
  • Teres Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883: synonym of Teretia Norman, 1888
  • Turrhyssa Dall, 1924: synonym of Eucyclotoma Boettger, 1895
  • Watsonaria F. Nordsieck, 1968: synonym of Gymnobela Verrill, 1884

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bouchet P., Kantor Yu.I., Sysoev A. & Puillandre N. (2011) A new operational classification of the Conoidea. Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273-308.
  2. ^ Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (Ed.) (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia 47(1-2). ISBN 3-925919-72-4. 397 pp.
  3. ^ 153879 WoRMS: Raphitomidae
  4. ^ Bouchet P., Kantor Yu.I., Sysoev A. & Puillandre N. (2011). "A new operational classification of the Conoidea". Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273-308. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyr017.
  5. ^ Bouchet, P. (2011). Thetidos Hedley, 1899. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=435335 on 2011-09-02
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp

External links[edit]