The Rapho agency was founded in Paris in 1933 by Charles Rado (1899-1979), a Hungarian immigrant. Rapho, an acronym formed from Rado-Photo, is one of the oldest press agencies specializing in humanist photography. Rapho initially represented the small group of Hungarian friends and refugee photographers Brassaï, Nora Dumas, Ergy Landau and Ylla.
Forced to close the agency during World War II, Rado left for the US in 1940; Rapho was reopened in 1946 by Raymond Grosset. Rado opened the New York office, Rapho Guillumette Pictures, with photographer Paul Guillumette.
Rado and Grosset proceeded to gather a number of great photographers who they represented in varying capacities and sometimes shared: Robert Doisneau, Édouard Boubat, Denis Brihat, Jean Dieuzaide, Bill Brandt, Izis, André Kertész, Yousuf Karsh, Jacques Henri Lartigue, Janine Niépce, Willy Ronis, Emile Savitry, Fouad Elkoury, and Sabine Weiss.
In 1975, Rapho Guillumette Pictures was absorbed by Photo Researchers. Two years later, Rapho acquired the TOP agency. In 2000, Rapho joined the Hachette Filipacchi Photos Group, which was sold in 2007 and became the photo conglomerate EYEDEA. EYEDEA, which went bankrupt in 2010, resurfaced that year as Gamma-Rapho, and includes the image collections of Hoa-Qui, Top, Explorer, Jacana.
- Michèle and Michel Auer, Photographers Encyclopedia International, 1839 to the present (Editions Camera Obscura, Switzerland, 1985), p. 789.
- Robin Lenman, "Rapho"; in The Oxford Companion to the Photograph, ed. Robin Lenman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005; ISBN 0-19-866271-8).
- “Charles Rado, 71, of Photo Agency; Developed Popular Books from Ylla's Portfolio”, New York Times, October 5, 1970. (Obituary; requires payment)