|Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd
|Locale||Klang Valley, Malaysia|
|Number of lines||
|Number of stations||
|Began operation||16 December 1995|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (standard gauge)|
RapidKL, short for Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd, is a government-owned company which was formed in 2004 as part of the restructuring of the public transport system in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia's capital.
RapidKL is the operator of Kuala Lumpur's two light rail transit (LRT) lines, the largest stage bus (regular or trunk bus route) and feeder bus service in Kuala Lumpur, and, as of November 2007, the single line of the KL Monorail and parts of the KLIA Transit route.
All assets of the rail and bus services are owned by another government-owned company, Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (SPNB), which was also formed under the restructuring process.
Public transport restructuring
The need for Kuala Lumpur's public transport system to be revamped became apparent almost immediately after the LRT lines began commercial operations when their ridership was much lower than anticipated. This caused lower than expected revenue levels and the two LRT concessionaires, Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (Star-LRT) and Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik Sdn Bhd (Putra-LRT), could not repay their commercial loans. The financial crisis of 1997/1998 aggravated the situation. The two companies owed a total of RM5.7bil as at November 2001 when the government's Corporate Debt Restructuring Committee (CDRC) restructured the debts of the two LRT companies.
The bus service in Kuala Lumpur was also facing problems with lower ridership because of an increase in private car usage and lack of capital investments. The two new bus consortia which were formed in the mid 1990s to take over all bus services in Kuala Lumpur - Intrakota Komposit and Cityliner - began facing financial problems. Intrakota had reportedly accumulated losses amounting to RM450mil from the 1997/1998 financial crisis until SPNB took over in 2003.
With lower revenue, the bus operators could not maintain their fleets, much less invest in more buses. Frequencies and service deteriorated as buses began breaking down.
Public transport usage in the Klang Valley area dropped to about 16% of all total trips, one of the lowest in the Asian region.
- In 2001, CDRC successfully restructured the two LRT companies' RM5.7bil worth of debts through the issuance of government-guaranteed bonds by SPNB.
- On 1 September 2002, SPNB officially took over LRT operations of Star-LRT and Putra-LRT
- In October 2003, SPNB bought over Intrakota Komposit and its subsidiaries from DRB-Hicom for RM177mil. It also paid RM14mil cash for the 364 buses belonging to Cityliner. The original companies were appointed interim operators.
- In November 2004, SPNB handed over the operations of the LRT and bus services to RapidKL.
- In January 2006, RapidKL began the first phase of a massive revamp of its bus network in the Klang Valley.
- On 23 September 2006, Phase One of Klang Valley's bus network revamp was completed.
- On 19 February 2007, Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi announced that the bus network in Penang will undergo a revamp. A day later, Malaysian Finance Minister parliamentary secretary Hilmi Yahaya said the new entity will be named Rapid Penang.
- On 25 February 2007, Malaysian Second Finance Minister Nor Mohamed Yakcop said 150 buses, at a cost of RM50mil, will make their first appearance on Penang roads in August 2007.
- On 31 July 2007, Rapid Penang began operations after being launched by Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.
- 12 Jan 2010 - RapidKL introduces RapidBET, an enhancement of current Utama routes, which has less stops and uses the expressway instead of normal roads.
Since taking over the LRTs and bus network, RapidKL has taken steps to improve their service.
- Increasing LRT capacity: RapidKL and SPNB have issued tenders for the purchase of new LRT rolling stock to increase carrying capacity. Tender for 35 new train sets for the Kelana Jaya Line has been given out in October 2006 and October 2007. The trains are expected to be operational in September 2009. On 27 July 2009, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak announced that the 35 new four-car trains will be operational by end-2012.
- Boosting bus fleet: As most of the buses RapidKL inherited were old and poorly maintained, one of its immediate concerns was to get more buses on the road. In 2005, the government promised RapidKL 200 new buses.
- Increasing bus routes: RapidKL has put on several new routes to serve areas which never had bus services.
- Scheduled bus services: RapidKL introduced scheduled services for 16 routes which are not heavily utilised. For the first time in Malaysia, expected bus arrival times and timetables were put up at bus stops along routes. However, these bus frequency timetables at the bus stops, as well as in their website had been removed by the RapidKL administration. This is because they could not cope with many sorts of problems, which is traffic congestion and insufficient number of buses, which resulted in late arrival of buses.
- Common monthly passes for both LRT and buses: This is the first time commuters have monthly passes which can be used on both LRTs and buses, helping to enhance integration of the public transport system.
- Common signage for all three LRT lines: The renaming of Putra-LRT and Star-LRT together with the changing of its signage will help enhance integration of the previously unconnected systems.
- Common Ticketing System Touch 'n Go can be used in all RapidKL buses and rail lines
- Revamp of RapidKL bus network: RapidKL scrapped the old Intrakota and Cityliner routes it inherited and introduced three types of bus services: City shuttles (BANDAR), trunk buses (UTAMA),, local shuttles (TEMPATAN), and express buses (EKSPRES). City shuttles will operate within Kuala Lumpur's central business district while trunk buses will link hubs at the edge of the CBD with suburban transportation hubs. At these suburban hubs, local shuttles will radiate out from rail-based public transport stations and fan out to residential areas. Express buses provide non-stop point-to-point route to specific destination.
RapidKL is also one of the largest bus operators in the Klang Valley, next to Metromac. Currently, there are 98 stage bus routes and 39 feeder bus services which operate from LRT stations. The bus routes operated by RapidKL were previously operated by Intrakota Komposit Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of DRB-Hicom Bhd; and Cityliner Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of Park May Bhd. In 2008, RapidKL buses carried around 390,000 passengers daily.
RapidKL is however not the only public transport operator in Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley. Other rail-based services, such as KTM Komuter, KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit are operated by other companies. There are also many other bus operators such as Metrobus, Len Seng Omnibus Co. Ltd., and Selangor Omnibus Co. Ltd.
- Chief Executive officer Rapid Rail : Tuan Haji Khairani Mohamed
- Chief Executive officer Rapid Bus: Ir Zohari Sulaiman