Rapid transit in Canada

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Montreal Metro's De La Concorde station, one of the newest stations on Montreal's network.
A new Toronto Rocket train at St. George station.

Rapid transit was introduced in Canada with the opening of the Toronto subway in 1954, built by the Toronto Transportation Commission (now the Toronto Transit Commission, TTC).[1] Montreal later introduced the Montreal Metro in 1966, though there were plans to build a rapid transit system since 1902.[2] The Edmonton Light Rail Transit (LRT) system was built from 1974 to 1978 for the 1978 Commonwealth Games. It made Edmonton the first city in North America with less than one million people to have a rapid transit system. Calgary followed shortly behind, beginning construction in 1978 on its light rail transit system, called the C-train, opening its first line in 1981, followed by additional lines in 1985 and 1987[3](in time for the 1988 Winter Olympics). The Vancouver SkyTrain was opened in January 1986 for the Expo 86 world fair.[4]

Rail[edit]

Several cities in Canada have approved rail rapid transit lines, with Ottawa's Confederation Line beginning construction in 2013. In Toronto, the construction of the Eglinton Crosstown is well underway.[5] The next to begin construction will be the Waterloo Region LRT with the first phase connecting the twin cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, Ontario in 2014.[6][7] The cities of Mississauga and Brampton also have an approved LRT line that will connect the two cities by way of Hurontario Street beginning construction in 2014 as well.[8] In December 2012, Calgary opened its West LRT line which is the most recent expansion of any rapid transit system in the country. As of January 2013, Edmonton, Calgary, and Toronto are all expanding their rapid transit networks, with the Vancouver Skytrain and Ottawa O-Train to begin construction of their new lines in early - mid-2013.

There are six urban rail rapid transit systems operating in Canada: The Montreal Metro, the Toronto subway, the Vancouver SkyTrain, the Calgary C-Train, the Edmonton LRT and the Ottawa O-Train. By 2020 there is set to be ten urban rail rapid transit systems in Canada with the addition of the Ottawa LRT, Waterloo Region LRT, Mississauga and Brampton's Hurontario-Main Street LRT, and Hamilton's B-line.

Urban Rail Rapid transit in Canada
Location Transit Daily Ridership System Length (km) Stations Expansion
Flag of Quebec.svg Montreal, Quebec Montreal Metro 1,064,000 (Q3 2013)[9] 69.2 68 2017
Flag of British Columbia.svg Vancouver, British Columbia SkyTrain 379,400 (Q3 2013)[9] 68.6 47 Ongoing
Flag of Ontario.svg Toronto, Ontario Toronto subway and RT 907,800 (Q3 2013)[9] 68.3 69 Ongoing
Flag of Alberta.svg Calgary, Alberta C-Train 264,600 (Q3 2013)[9] 56 44 Ongoing
Flag of Alberta.svg Edmonton, Alberta Edmonton Light Rail Transit 100,760 (2013)[10] 21 15 Ongoing
Flag of Ontario.svg Ottawa, Ontario O-Train 17,200 (Q1 2013)[9] 8 5 Ongoing
Suburban Rapid transit in Canada
Location Transit Daily Ridership System Length (km) Stations Expansion
Flag of Ontario.svg Toronto, Ontario GO Transit 185,500 (Q4 2012)[11] 458 61 ongoing
Flag of Quebec.svg Montreal, Quebec Agence métropolitaine de transport 73,300 (Q4 2012)[11] 214 59 2012
Flag of British Columbia.svg Vancouver, British Columbia West Coast Express 11,400 (Q4 2012)[11] 68 8 2011
Planned Urban Rapid transit in Canada
Location Transit System Length (km) Stations Construction Begins Construction Ends
Flag of Ontario.svg Ottawa, Ontario Confederation Line 12.5 13 2013 2017
Flag of Ontario.svg Kitchener and Waterloo, Ontario Waterloo Region LRT 15 (phase I), 26 (phase II) 18 (phase I), 25 (phase II) 2014 2017
Flag of Ontario.svg Mississauga and Brampton, Ontario Hurontario-Main Street LRT 20.8 30 2014 2016
Flag of Ontario.svg Hamilton, Ontario B-line 13.4 17 2015 2020
Flag of British Columbia.svg Vancouver, British Columbia Downtown Streetcar 3 8 2016 Unknown
Flag of British Columbia.svg Victoria, British Columbia Douglas Street light-rail 13 2020 Unknown

Bus[edit]

Urban Bus Rapid transit in Canada
Location Transit Daily Ridership System Length (km) Stations Expansion
Flag of Quebec.svg Montreal, Quebec Montreal bus rapid transit 41,900 62.2 21 Ongoing
Flag of British Columbia.svg Vancouver, British Columbia 99 B-Line, 97 B-Line, 96 B-Line 100,000[12] 27 14
Flag of Ontario.svg York Region, Ontario Viva Rapid Transit 35,300[12] 68.3 69 Ongoing
Flag of Quebec.svg Gatineau, Quebec Rapibus 12 10 Ongoing
Flag of Manitoba.svg Winnipeg, Manitoba Winnipeg RT 3 4 2019
Flag of Ontario.svg Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa Bus Rapid Transit 200,000 (2005)[13] 54
Flag of Ontario.svg Brampton, Ontario Züm 7,500[14] 28 35
Flag of British Columbia.svg Kelowna, British Columbia RapidBus 27
Flag of Ontario.svg Waterloo, Ontario iXpress 14,000[15] 52 35

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canada's First Subway". City of Toronto. Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  2. ^ "An underground railway project in 1910". Société de transport de Montréal. 
  3. ^ "Calgary Transit: About CT - History". Calgary Transit. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Vancouver SkyTrain Light Rail Network". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  5. ^ "The Crosstown". Eglinton Crosstown. Metrolinx. 
  6. ^ Outhit, Jeff (Oct 27, 2011). "Rail yard purchased for rapid transit". Waterloo Region Record. Retrieved 2012-04-08. 
  7. ^ Douglas John Bowen (2013-07-12). "Waterloo opts for Bombardier LRVs". International Railway Journal. Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2013-07-13. The first of the Flexity Freedom LRV are due to be delivered in mid-2016, and will be used on the 19km, 16-station line from Conestoga Mall in Waterloo to Fairview Park Mall in Kitchener. The $C 92.4m ($US 89.2m) contract will include an option for 16 additional vehicles. 
  8. ^ "Hurontario/Main Street Corridor Master Plan" (PDF). MMM Group. October 2010. p. 578. Retrieved 2012-04-08. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "APTA Public Transportation Ridership Report". APTA. Third Quarter, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/transportation/2013_LRT_Passenger_Count_Report.pdf
  11. ^ a b c "APTA Public Transportation Ridership Report". APTA. Fourth Quarter, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ a b http://www.brtdata.org/#/location/northern_america/canada/york_regional_municipality
  13. ^ http://david.jamesnet.ca/MDP/node5.html
  14. ^ http://www.brtdata.org/#/location/northern_america/canada/brampton
  15. ^ http://www.brtdata.org/#/location/northern_america/canada/waterloo