Rappahannock County, Virginia

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For the Rappahannock County that existed from 1656-1692, see Rappahannock County (1656), Virginia.
Rappahannock County, Virginia
Rappahannock County Courthouse.jpg
Rappahannock County Courthouse in Washington, Virginia
Seal of Rappahannock County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Rappahannock County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833
Named for Rappahannock River
Seat Washington
Largest town Washington
Area
 • Total 267 sq mi (692 km2)
 • Land 266 sq mi (689 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 7,373
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website rappahannockcountyva.gov

Rappahannock County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,373.[1] Its county seat is Washington.[2] The name "Rappahannock" comes from the Algonquian word lappihanne (also noted as toppehannock), meaning "river of quick, rising water" or "where the tide ebbs and flows."

Rappahannock County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Rappahannock County was founded by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1833, based on the growing population's need to have better access to a county seat. The county's land was carved from Culpeper County. Rappahannock county was named for the river that separates it from Fauquier County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267.2 square miles (692.0 km2), of which 266.4 square miles (690.0 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

The Rappahannock River forms the northeastern boundary and separates Rappahannock County from Fauquier County. Rappahannock County is bounded on the southeast by Culpeper County and on the southwest by Madison County. The Blue Ridge Mountains occupy much of the western portion of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Mountains[edit]

The summits of the following mountains are located within Rappahannock County:

  • Pignut Mountain
  • Jenkins Mountain
  • Little Jenkins Mountain
  • Fork Mountain
  • Battle Mountain
  • Piney Ridge
  • Pickerel Ridge
  • Aaron Mountain
  • Red Oak Mountain

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 9,257
1850 9,782 5.7%
1860 8,850 −9.5%
1870 8,261 −6.7%
1880 9,291 12.5%
1890 8,678 −6.6%
1900 8,843 1.9%
1910 8,044 −9.0%
1920 8,070 0.3%
1930 7,717 −4.4%
1940 7,208 −6.6%
1950 6,112 −15.2%
1960 5,368 −12.2%
1970 5,199 −3.1%
1980 6,093 17.2%
1990 6,622 8.7%
2000 6,983 5.5%
2010 7,373 5.6%
Est. 2012 7,456 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 7,373 people, 2,788 households, and 2,004 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.64% White, 5.44% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,788 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.94.

U.S. Route 211 as it passes through Rappahannock County; the Blue Ridge Mountains can be seen in the distance

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 31.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,943, and the median income for a family was $51,848. Males had a median income of $32,725 versus $22,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,863. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 3.20% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Rappahannock County Public Schools School District is located in Washington, VA and includes two schools that serve 921 students county-wide in grades PK through 12.

Among the private schools in the county are two pre-K thru 12 schools, Hearthstone School [1], and Wakefield Country Day School.there is one 6 thru 12 school, Belle Meade Farm School.

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°41′N 78°10′W / 38.69°N 78.17°W / 38.69; -78.17