Raritan Landing is a historical community in Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States, which was once an inland port, the farthest upstream point ocean-going ships could reach along the Raritan River, across from New Brunswick. Begun in the early 18th century it remained vital until the mid 19th century, when most of the port was abandoned.
The remains of the community now reside buried beneath Johnson Park on the south side of River Road, Remnants of the era, mostly the bluff overlooking the Raritan, include the Cornelius Low House, Metlar-Bodine House, and the Road Up Raritan Historic District and an archeological site.
Raritan Landing emerged as a vital port community during the 1720s. It was situated at the farthest inland point on the Raritan River that could be navigated by merchant ships of the day. In its heyday, the Landing was the center for local trade and, along with New Brunswick, served as a hub for imports and exports to and from the Raritan Valley. Agricultural goods and lumber brought to Raritan Landing from throughout central New Jersey were stored in warehouses here, awaiting shipment to either New York or sometimes the Caribbean. Imported goods were off-loaded and taken by traders to stores and merchants throughout the area. The majority of the community existed between present-day River Road and the Raritan River, near the intersection of Landing Lane and River Road. By the 1740s, there were approximately 70 structures and more than 100 inhabitants.
By the early days of the American Revolution the community was occupied by British troops. The bluffs provided safe haven for the troops, and an unobstructed lookout toward New Brunswick, enabling clear views of approaching Patriot forces.
- 1700 (circa): Raritan Landing community first occupied.
- 1740: Raritan Landing community included 70 structures and more than 100 inhabitants.
- 1741: Cornelius Low House is built.
- 1825: Landing Lane was lined with blacksmith shops, cooper shops, stores and warehouses.
- 1830: Construction of Delaware and Raritan Canal begins.
- 1834: Delaware and Raritan Canal completed.
- 1870: Most of the community is dismantled and converted to pastureland.
- 1936: Cornelius C. Vermeule, a Piscataway resident, creates a map of Raritan Landing based on his research. The numbers on the map correspond to houses and are keyed to a list of owners included in an article published in the Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. His publication draws others into researching the history of the area. Some of the Vermeule designations are later updated with wills, deeds, newspaper reports, and other paper record.
- 1970s: Cornelius Low House, Metlar-Bodine House, and Road Up Raritan Historic District are added to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places
Raritan Landing Archeological Site
Raritan Landing Archeological District
|NRHP Reference #||79001506 (1979)
|Added to NRHP||October 11, 1984|
The Raritan Landing Archeological Site includes the Upper Van Rants House Site, the Bluff Prehistoric Site, and areas just downriver in what has become today's Highland Park as well as in Johnson Park. The site was originally listed in 1979 and expanded in 1980 and 1984. Work was begun by Rutgers University in 1979 and was continued under the auspices of the New Jersey Department of Transportation as part of the planned extension of Route 18, planned for completion in 2012.
- Margaret DeGroot and Benjamin Field
- Jeremiah Fieldbutt
- Lena Suydam and George Boice
- Peter Levis Boice
- Abraham Van Ranst
- Isaac Wilson
- Edward Antill, merchant
- Catherine LaBoyteaux and John Bodine, trader
- Jean Blair
- Daniel and John Bray
- John Castner
- William Dugdale, merchant
- Effie Hardenbrook and Evert Duyckinck, trader
- Adolphus Hardenbrook, merchant
- Duncan Hutchison, physician
- John Neilson, physician
- Bernardus LaGrange, merchant
- Elizabeth Henry and Paul LaBoyteaux (1699-after1766)
- Gabriel LaBoyteaux
- Cornelius Low I (1691–1783), merchant
- Isaac Smalley
- Catheryntje and Johannes TenBrook, merchant
- List of the oldest buildings in New Jersey
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, New Jersey
- East Jersey Olde Towne Village
- Six Mile Run
- New Bridge Landing
- Gabrielen, Randall (2001), Piscataway Township, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-0439-1
- "Historic Community". Recovering Raritan Landing The Archeology of a Forgotten Town. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2002. Retrieved 2011-07-05.
- "New Jersey - Middlesex County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-07-05.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Middlesex County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. June 2, 2011. p. 11. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- "Recovering Raritan Landing The Archeology of a Forgotten Town". New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2002. Retrieved 2011-07-05.