Raritan Township, New Jersey

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See also: Raritan, New Jersey; both Hazlet and Edison, New Jersey were formerly called Raritan Township.
Raritan Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Raritan
Map of Raritan Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Raritan Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Raritan Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Raritan Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°32′50″N 74°53′45″W / 40.547102°N 74.895921°W / 40.547102; -74.895921Coordinates: 40°32′50″N 74°53′45″W / 40.547102°N 74.895921°W / 40.547102; -74.895921[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 2, 1838
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Michael Mangin (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator Allan Pietrefesa[4]
 • Clerk Dorothy Gooditis [4]
Area[1]
 • Total 37.690 sq mi (97.615 km2)
 • Land 37.527 sq mi (97.194 km2)
 • Water 0.163 sq mi (0.422 km2)  0.43%
Area rank 63rd of 566 in state
2nd of 26 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 564 ft (172 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 22,185
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 22,093
 • Rank 116th of 566 in state
1st of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 591.2/sq mi (228.3/km2)
 • Density rank 430th of 566 in state
13th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08822 - Flemington[12]
Area code(s) 908[13]
FIPS code 3401961920[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882179[1][16]
Website www.raritan-township.com

Raritan Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 22,185,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 2,376 (+12.0%) from the 19,809 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,193 (+26.9%) from the 15,616 counted in the 1990 Census.[17] The southeast part of the township is in the Amwell Valley, while the northwestern part is on the Hunterdon Plateau.

Raritan was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1838, from portions of the now-defunct Amwell Township. Flemington was formed within the township on March 14, 1870, and became an independent borough on April 7, 1910. Portions of the township were ceded to East Amwell Township in 1854 and 1897.[18]

Geography[edit]

Raritan Township is located at 40°32′50″N 74°53′45″W / 40.547102°N 74.895921°W / 40.547102; -74.895921 (40.547102,-74.895921). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 37.690 square miles (97.615 km2), of which, 37.527 square miles (97.194 km2) of it was land and 0.163 square miles (0.422 km2) of it (0.43%) of it was water.[1][2]

Raritan completely surrounds Flemington.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,510
1850 3,070 22.3%
1860 2,270 * −26.1%
1870 2,242 −1.2%
1880 2,437 8.7%
1890 1,821 −25.3%
1900 1,892 3.9%
1910 1,310 −30.8%
1920 1,677 28.0%
1930 1,823 8.7%
1940 2,158 18.4%
1950 2,814 30.4%
1960 4,545 61.5%
1970 6,934 52.6%
1980 8,292 19.6%
1990 15,616 88.3%
2000 19,809 26.9%
2010 22,185 12.0%
Est. 2013 22,093 [10][19] −0.4%
Population sources:
1840-1920[20] 1840[21] 1850-1870[22]
1850[23] 1870[24] 1880-1890[25]
1890-1910[26] 1910-1930[27]
1930-1990[28] 2000[29][30] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,185 people, 8,056 households, and 6,058 families residing in the township. The population density was 591.2 per square mile (228.3/km2). There were 8,288 housing units at an average density of 220.9 per square mile (85.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.57% (19,870) White, 2.07% (459) Black or African American, 0.10% (23) Native American, 5.95% (1,319) Asian, 0.04% (9) Pacific Islander, 0.83% (185) from other races, and 1.44% (320) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.13% (1,138) of the population.[7]

There were 8,056 households, of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.19.[7]

In the township, 26.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 33.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,941 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,543) and the median family income was $130,514 (+/- $10,612). Males had a median income of $95,123 (+/- $8,996) versus $62,229 (+/- $3,584) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,782 (+/- $2,900). About 2.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 19,809 people, 6,939 households, and 5,391 families residing in the township. The population density was 523.5 people per square mile (202.1/km²). There were 7,094 housing units at an average density of 187.5 per square mile (72.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.22% White, 1.23% African American, 0.09% Native American, 3.50% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.79% of the population.[29][30]

There were 6,939 households out of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.24.[29][30]

In the township the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the township was $85,996, and the median income for a family was $96,336. Males had a median income of $69,485 versus $41,911 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,919. About 1.2% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Raritan Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5]

At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor. The mayor presides at Township Committee meetings and votes as a member of the Committee, but has no other special powers under the township form of government law. All legislative and executive powers, including the power of appointments, are exercised by the committee as a whole.[32]

As of 2013, members of the Raritan Township Committee are Mayor Michael Mangin, Deputy Mayor Gary Hazard, Tom Antosiewicz, Oliver Elbert and Craig O'Brien.[33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Raritan Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[8][35][36] Prior to the 2010 Census, Raritan Township had been part of the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[37]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 16th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township). [43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[47] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[48] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[49] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[50] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[51] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[52][53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[54] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[55] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[56][57][58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,130 registered voters in Raritan Township, of which 3,008 (19.9%) were registered as Democrats, 4,944 (32.7%) were registered as Republicans and 7,166 (47.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.[59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 54.7% of the vote here (6,705 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.5% (5,339 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (121 votes), among the 12,261 ballots cast by the township's 15,254 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.4%.[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.7% of the vote here (6,727 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.7% (4,470 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (97 votes), among the 11,265 ballots cast by the township's 13,693 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 82.3.[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.8% of the vote here (5,440 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.9% (2,173 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.4% (618 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (47 votes), among the 8,396 ballots cast by the township's 14,991 registered voters, yielding a 56.0% turnout.[62]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 181.46 miles (292.03 km) of roadways, of which 146.40 miles (235.61 km) were maintained by the municipality, 22.36 miles (35.98 km) by Hunterdon County and 12.70 miles (20.44 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[63]

Major roads in Raritan Township include Route 12, Route 31 and U.S. Route 202 (which run concurrent for a few miles in the southern part of the township).

Major county roads that go through include CR 514 (which runs along the southeastern border), CR 523 and CR 579 (which runs along the southwestern border).

The closest limited access road is Interstate 78 in neighboring Clinton and Franklin Townships.

Education[edit]

Children in public school for pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Flemington-Raritan Regional School District, which also serves children from the neighboring community of Flemington. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are four elementary schools — Barley Sheaf School[65] (grades PreK-4; 444 students) - Flemington; Copper Hill School[66] (PreK-4; 607) - Ringoes; Francis A. Desmares School[67] (K-4; 492) - Flemington; and Robert Hunter School[68] (K-4; 449) - Flemington — Reading-Fleming Intermediate School[69] (5-6; 801) in Flemington and J. P. Case Middle School[70] (7-8; 832) - Flemington.[71]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend the Hunterdon Central Regional High School, part of the Hunterdon Central Regional High School District, which serves almost 2,800 students in central Hunterdon County from Raritan Township and from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough and Readington Township.[72]

High school students may also attend Hunterdon County Polytech Career Academy, a county-wide vocational school that offers career and technical education at two campuses in Raritan Township.[73]

There are several local libraries

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Raritan Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Departments and Department Heads, Raritan Township. Accessed March 14, 2011.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Raritan, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Raritan township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Raritan township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Flemington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Flemington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 20, 2014.
  14. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  18. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 157. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  19. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  20. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 18, 2013.
  22. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 267, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 18, 2013. "Raritan township was formed from Amwell in 1838. Its population in 1850 was 3,070; in 1860, 2,270; and in 1870, 3,654. Flemington, the county seat, is in this township. Its population in 1870 was 1,412. In the vicinity of Flemington are valuable copper mines. Croton and Copper Hill are post villages."
  23. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 18, 2013.
  24. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 18, 2013. Population listed of 3,654 for Raritan Township includes the population of 1,412 for Flemington.
  25. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  26. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 20, 2012. Population is listed for Raritan Township including Flemington village (3798 in 1890, 4037 in 1900 and 4008 in 1910) and for Flemington village alone (1977 in 1890, 2145 in 1900 and 2695 in 1910). Totals shown in the table for 1890 and 1900 were calculated by subtracting out the population for Flemington, while the 1910 value was taken from the 1930 Census data.
  27. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 17, 2012.
  28. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Raritan township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Raritan township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Raritan township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 20, 2012.
  32. ^ Raritan Township Form of Government, Raritan Township. Accessed July 31, 2008.
  33. ^ Township Committee, Township of Raritan. Accessed July 19, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  44. ^ District 16 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  48. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  49. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  50. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  51. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  53. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  54. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  55. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  56. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  57. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  58. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  59. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  60. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  61. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  63. ^ Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  64. ^ Data for the Flemington-Raritan Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  65. ^ Barley Sheaf School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  66. ^ Copper Hill School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  67. ^ Francis A. Desmares School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  68. ^ Robert Hunter School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  69. ^ Reading-Fleming Intermediate School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  70. ^ J. P. Case Middle School, Flemington-Raritan Regional School District. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  71. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Flemington-Raritan Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 12, 2013.
  72. ^ Hunterdon Central Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. October 12, 2013. "Located in beautiful, historic Hunterdon County in central New Jersey, Hunterdon Central Regional High School serves the five municipalities of Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township, and Readington Township. The District is comprised of 152.5 square miles and has a population of approximately 51,468 residents."
  73. ^ About Us: Hunterdon County Polytech Career Academy, Hunterdon County Vocational School District. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  74. ^ Marcia A. Karrow - Executive Director, New Jersey Meadowlands Commission. Accessed May 29, 2013. "Senator Karrow served as a Raritan Township Committeewoman from 1994-2002, and she was the Township Mayor in 1998."
  75. ^ Miles Ross, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 29, 2007.

External links[edit]