|Elevation||3,000 ft (1,000 m)|
Ras Baalbek (Arabic: رأس بعلبك) is a village in the northern Beqaa Valley in Lebanon. Notable features include the monastery of Our Lady of Ras Baalbek (Deir Saidat ar-Ras) and two Byzantine churches. One church is in the centre of the village and the other lies to the east where some other ruins can be found that are alleged to be the remains of a Roman aqueduct. Inhabitants of the village have confirmed it was once called Connaya suggesting a link to the ancient settlement of Conna, mentioned in the work of Antonius. It is also 500 metres west of a Neolithic rock shelter called Ras Baalbek I.
In 2014 fighting with ISIS in the nearby village of Arsal has resulted in the residents of Ras Baalbek forming a Militia lead by Rifaat Mtanos Nasrallah, to protect the city and its mainly Christian population from ISIS. The militias are supported by Hezbollah and the Lebanese Forces.
Around 15,000 people live in Ras Baalbek. The population is mainly Greek Catholic - having switched from Orthodox Christianity in 1721. In the early 20th century, Ras Baalbek was described as being an "uncouth, bigoted Catholic town."
- Michel M. Alouf (July 1999). History of Baalbek. Book Tree. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-1-58509-063-1. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- ANNE BARNARD (1 Nov 2014). "Clashes on Syrian Border Split Lebanese Town". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Robert Boulanger (1966). The Middle East: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran. Hachette. p. 212.
- Justin Salhani (24 Sep 2014). "Ras Baalbek’s Christians take up arms". The Daily Star. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "Our Lady of Ras Baalbek". Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- The Assembly Herald. Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Office of the General Assembly. 1902. p. 475.