Rasgulla

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Rasgulla
Rasagolla.JPG
Rasagollas from Pahala (Bhubaneswar)
Alternative names Rasagola, Rasagolla (Odiya), Rossogolla (Bengali), Roshogolla (Bengali), Rasbari (Nepali)
Place of origin India Subcontinent
Main ingredients Chhena, Sugar
Cookbook:Rasgulla  Rasgulla

Rasgulla/ Rossogolla is a syrupy dessert popular in the Indian subcontinent, especially in Odisha, West Bengal and Mauritius. The dish originated in Odisha centuries ago, while a whitish spongy variant ("Bengali Rossogolla") became popular in Bengal in the 19th century. Rasgulla is made from ball shaped dumplings of chhena (an Indian cottage cheese) and semolina dough, cooked in light syrup made of sugar. This is done until the syrup permeates the dumplings.

History[edit]

Bengali Rasagollas from Kolkata

Rasagolla/Rasgulla/ Rossogolla has traditionally been offered as a special offering to Goddess Lakshmi a day after the famous Rath-Yatra or car festival of Lord Jagannath in Puri, Odisha. While the exact dates are not known, the ritual seems to have existed for at least 600 years. So, Rasagolla is surely centuries old.[1]

However, the spongy variant originated in present-day West Bengal.[2] In the mid-19th century, a Kolkata-based confectioner named Nobin Chandra Das modified and perfected the recipe to produce the less perishable spongy white Rosogolla that is most widespread and popularly available today. It was Nobin Chandra Das’s accomplishment that he was able to create a perfectly homogeneous spherical delicacy that was both spongy and succulent with a unique and distinctive taste through a novel method of processing the “Chhanna” in boiling sugar syrup.[6] Nobin Chandra christened this creation the “Rossogolla” and a legend was born. Other variations of “Channa” based sweets might have existed in Orissa or other parts of Eastern India but not before the 17th century;as the process and technology involved in synthesizing “Chhana” was introduced to the Indians by the Dutch colonists in the 1650s. Despite all the controversies the earlier version of these sweets lacked the spherical regularity, texture and binding capacity of the modern Rossogolla that is well known and highly acclaimed today.[3][4] This was due to the fact that the know-how involved in synthesizing such a sweet was unknown before being experimentally developed by Nobin Chandra and then constantly improved and further standardized by his successors Krishna Chandra Das and Sarada Charan Das.

It was an innovation of such significance that it earned Nobin Chandra a place among the legends of Bengal. Connoisseurs of sweets throughout India remember him as “Nobinmoira, The Columbus of Rosogolla”. Highbrow Bengalis who had till then used the word “Moira” or confectioner of sweets disparagingly, came to lace it with reverence when linking it to Nobin Chandra’s name.[5] The iconic brand of K.C. Das Pvt. Ltd. and the lesser known K.C. Das Grandsons chain of sweet stores is named after his son.[6] Bhagwan Das Bagla, a Marwari businessman and a customer of Nobin Chandra Das, popularized Das' Rosgolla variant beyond the shop's locality by ordering huge amounts. In 1930, the introduction of vacuum packing by Nobin Chandra's son Krishna Chandra Das (K.C. Das) and grandson Sarada Charan led to the availability of canned Rasgullas, which made the dessert popular outside Kolkata, and subsequently, outside India.[7][8]

Today, canned rasgullas are available throughout India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, as well as in South Asian grocery stores outside the subcontinent. In Nepal, Rasgulla became popular under the name Rasbari.[9]

The Indian space agency, ISRO is developing dehydrated rasgullas and other dishes for Indian astronauts in its planned manned mission in 2016.[10]

Puri temple tradition[edit]

In the coastal city of Puri in Odisha, the rasgulla has been the traditional offering (bhog) to the Hindu goddess Lakshmi.[11] According to the tradition, her consort Jagannath tries to pacify her by offering her rasagullas, so that she lets his convoy enter the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. This ritual, known as Bachanika, is part of the "Niladri Bije" (or "Arrival of the God") observance, which marks the return of the deities to the temple.[12][13]

The genesis of this temple tradition of offering rasgullas has been obscured with the passage of time. Nonetheless, it has led scholars to believe that the sweet may in fact owe its origin to the very temple itself. According to the researcher Jagabandhu Padhi, the dish was invented in Puri and is as old as the Puri Ratha Yatra festival. Another researcher, Sarat Chandra Mahapatra, has stated that several religious scriptures, which are over 300 years old, provide the evidence of rasgulla offering ritual in Puri.[14][15] It is possible that the Bengali visitors to Puri might have carried the recipe for rasgulla back to Bengal in the nineteenth century.[16]

Variations[edit]

The traditional rasgullas of Orissa are softer, more creamish in colour than white, and less spongy than the Bengali rasgullas. The Bengali rasgullas are whitish and rubbery.[17] In Odisha, it is common to embed a single raisin or cashew inside each rasgulla. Cardamom seeds may also be embedded to create a fragrant version. In northern India, the dish comes flavored in saffron, rosewater, and sometimes garnished with chopped pistachios.

In Orissa, the Bikali Kar Rasgulla prepared by the Kar brothers (the descendants of Bikalananda Kar) in Salepur, is very popular. The Pahal rosogolla from the Pahala area (located between the cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack) is also popular in Odisha.[18]

While, Rasgullas have traditionally been served at room temperature, the modern Indian households also tend to serve them chilled. Freshly-prepared hot rasgullas are also popular.

Derivatives and similar desserts[edit]

Rasgulla is the precursor of many other eastern Indian delicacies, such as Chhena Jhili, rasmalai, chhena gaja, raskadam, chamcham, pantua, malai chop, and kheersagar.

Along with chhena gaja and chhena poda, Rasgulla is one of three traditional Oriya chhena desserts. Due to Rasgulla becoming associated with the Bengali cuisine, the Orissa Milk Federation has tried to popularize chhena poda as the signature Oriya dessert.[19][20]

In Bengal, sondesh is another popular chhena dish. Kamalabhog, which mixes orange extract with the chhena, is commonly sold in Bengal. In the dish kheersagar, thick, sweetened milk called rabidi is used instead of sugar syrup. While this dish is largely confined to Odisha, a similar dish rasmalai has become very popular throughout India, mainly due to the efforts of the Kolkata based confectioners K. C. Das, Ganguram and Bhim Nag. In that, the syrup is replaced with sweetened milk of a thinner consistency. Malai chop, a Kolkata invention, consists of prepared chhena that is sandwiched with a layer of sweetened clotted cream. In the Bengali pantua, the chhena balls are deep fried in oil before being soaked in syrup.

Nutrition[edit]

Typically, a 100 gram serving of rasgulla contains 186 calories, out of which about 153 calories are in the form of carbohydrates. It also contains about 1.85 grams of fat and 4 grams of protein.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Food Story: How India’s favourite sweet dish rosugulla was born|url=http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/food-wine/the-food-story-how-indias-favourite-sweet-dish-rosugulla-was-born/
  2. ^ http://kcdas.com/
  3. ^ "Rossogolla-Ancient Bengali Sweet?". http://sandeep-o-nama.blogspot.in/. Retrieved 1 November 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ http://www.kcdas.co.in/history.php
  5. ^ "Personality of Kolkata". Buzzintown. 2010-02-05. 
  6. ^ Sankar Ray (2011-07-31). "Where is the creativity that gave us the Rosogolla?". DNA. 
  7. ^ Piyasree Dasgupta (2011-10-29). "Sticky Sweet Success". Indian Express. 
  8. ^ How the rasogolla became a global name!. rediff.com (16 November 2011). Retrieved on 6 October 2013.
  9. ^ Alan Davidson (21 September 2006). The Oxford Companion to Food. OUP Oxford. p. 1880. ISBN 978-0-19-101825-1. 
  10. ^ Ramaswamy, Ram Kumar (16 June 2012). "Isro astronauts to savour idlis, rasgullas in space". Asian Age. 
  11. ^ "Trinity take ‘adhar pana’ on raths". The New Indian Express. 2009-07-05. 
  12. ^ Subhashish Mohanty (2012-07-03). "Lord placates wife with sweet delight". 
  13. ^ "Sweet and sermon return for deities". 2010-07-26. 
  14. ^ Mohapatra, Debabrata (29 July 2007). "Researchers Claim Rasgullas Were Born In Puri". The Times of India. 
  15. ^ Jagabandhu Padhi (2000). Sri Jagannatha at Puri. S.G.N. Publications. 
  16. ^ Krondl, Michael (Summer 2010). "The Sweetshops of Kolkata". Gastronomica Journal 10 (3): 58–65. 
  17. ^ "The Sweet Bypass on NH-5". Upper Crust. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  18. ^ Rimli Sengupta (2012-01-09). "Kling Canoes At Tamralipta". Outlook. 
  19. ^ Rajaram Satapathy (2002-08-15). "Sweet wars: Chhenapoda Vs rasagolla". The Times of India. 
  20. ^ "Chew on This: Chenna poda". Metro Plus Kochi (The Hindu). 2009-04-11. 
  21. ^ Nutrition Information For Rasgulla. Livestrong.Com. Retrieved on 6 December 2012.