Rashaida people

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Rashaida Tribe
Rashaida family.png
The children from a family of the Rashaida tribe in the Eritrean lowlands[citation needed]
Total population
220,000 - 270,000
Regions with significant populations

Saudi Arabia, Sudan:
120,000[citation needed]

Eritrea: 100,000 [1]
Languages
Hejazi Arabic
Religion
Sunni Islam
Map with the extent of the Rashaida people.

The Rashaida, Rashaayda or Bani Rashid (Arabic: بني رشيد, الرشايدة‎ "Refugees") are an tribe populating Eritrea and northeast Sudan.[2] In 1846, many Rashaida migrated from the Hejaz in present day Saudi Arabia into what is now Eritrea and northeast Sudan after tribal warfare had broken out in their homeland. The Rashaida of Sudan and Eritrea live in close proximity with the Beja people. Large numbers of Bani Rasheed are also found on the Arabian Peninsula.

The Bani Rashid are related to the Banu Abs tribe.[3]

The Rashaida keep their traditional dress, culture, customs, camel breeds and practice of Sunni Islam.[4] The racing camel breeds of the Rashaida tribe are prized all over Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula and fetch very high prices. The Rashaida speak Hejazi Arabic.

On 16 September 2014 it was announced that they would be moved to a new area in the Jordan Valley north of Jericho.[5]

Controversy[edit]

Some Rashaida criminals have been heavily involved in trafficking Eritreans to Israel. Since the 2012 fencing of the Israel-Egypt border some Rashaidan criminals have been cooperating with some criminal Bedouin elements on the Sinai peninsula. The Bedouin criminals hold the Eritreans hostage and demand ransom, this is known as Refugee kidnappings in Sinai.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Eritrean Census,
  2. ^ Young, William C., "The Rashaayda Bedouin - Arab Pastoralists of Eastern Sudan", 1996.
  3. ^ Rashaida People History, Niaz Murtaza The pillage of sustainability in Eritrea 1998, p.177
  4. ^ Snap Shots, Al-Ahram Weekly, 29 December 2005 - 4 January 2006, Issue No. 775
  5. ^ Israeli government plans to forcibly relocate 12,500 Bedouin - Retrieved 16 September 2014
  6. ^ UNHCR Report [2], Refugees and the Rashaida: human smuggling and trafficking from Eritrea to Sudan and Egypt

External links[edit]