The Rashaida, Rashaayda or Bani Rashid (Arabic: بني رشيد, الرشايدة "Refugees") are a tribe populating Eritrea and northeast Sudan. In 1846, many Rashaida migrated from the Hejaz in present day Saudi Arabia into what is now Eritrea and northeast Sudan after tribal warfare had broken out in their homeland. The Rashaida of Sudan and Eritrea live in close proximity with the Beja people. Large numbers of Bani Rasheed are also found on the Arabian Peninsula.
The Rashaida keep their traditional dress, culture, customs, camel breeds and practice of Sunni Islam. The racing camel breeds of the Rashaida tribe are prized all over Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula and fetch very high prices. The Rashaida speak Hejazi Arabic.
Some Rashaida criminals have been heavily involved in trafficking Eritreans to Israel. Since the 2012 fencing of the Israel-Egypt border some Rashaidan criminals have been cooperating with some criminal Bedouin elements on the Sinai peninsula. The Bedouin criminals hold the Eritreans hostage and demand ransom, this is known as Refugee kidnappings in Sinai.