Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
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|Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
رشید احمد گنگوہی
|Born||10 May 1829
Gangoh, India (Company Raj)
|Died||11 August 1905 (aged 76)
Gangoh, India (British Raj)
|Main interest(s)||Aqidah, Tafsir, Tasawwuf, Hadith, Fiqh|
|Notable idea(s)||Darul Uloom Deoband|
|Disciple of||Haji Imdadullah|
Darul Uloom Deoband, India
Abū Mas‘ūd Rashīd Aḥmad ibn Hidāyat Aḥmad Ayyūbī Anṣārī Rāmpūrī Gangohī (Urdu: ابو مسعود رشید احمد بن ہدایت احمد ایوبی انصاری رامپوری گنگوہی; Arabic: رشيد أحمد الكنكوهي, Rashīd Aḥmad al-Kankūhī; 10 May 1829 – 11 August 1905) was an Indian Islamic scholar who co-founded the Deobandi Islamic movement at the Darul Uloom Deoband Madrasah, or Islamic School, of which he became principle following the death of Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi. Gangohi authored nearly fourteen literary works on fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and Sufism, including Fatawa Rasheediyya and Hidaayatush Shia. His followers considered him to be an Alim (legal scholar), a Hakim (judge), and an authority on Shari'a law and the Tariqah of Sufism.
His nasab is as follows: Rashīd Aḥmad ibn Hidāyat Aḥmad ibn Pīr Bak͟hsh ibn G͟hulām Ḥasan ibn G͟hulām ‘Alī Akbar ibn Qāz̤ī Muḥammad Aslam. He was Rampuri by origin, then Gangohi. By lineage he was Ansari, indicating descent from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.