Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum

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His Highness The Emîr Sheikh (صاحب السمو الأمير والشيخ)
Râshid bin Sa`îd Âl Makṫûm
راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم
2nd Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
In office
25 April 1979 – 7 October 1990
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Deputy Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (eldest son)
Preceded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (eldest son)
Succeeded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (eldest son)
Ruler of Dubai
In office
1958 – 7 October 1990
Preceded by Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (father)
Succeeded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (eldest son)
Personal details
Born 1912
Dubai, Trucial States
Died 7 October 1990 (aged 78)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Nationality Emirati
Children Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Religion Islam
Father Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum

Râshid bin Sa`îd Âl Makṫûm (1912 – 7 October 1990) (Arabic: راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم‎) was the Vice-President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Emîr (Arabic: أمير‎) (Ruler) of Dubai. He ruled for 32 years from 1958 until his death in 1990.[1]

Development of Dubai[edit]

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum was responsible for the transformation of Dubai from a small cluster of settlements near the Dubai Creek to a modern port city and commercial hub[citation needed]. His famous line, "My grandfather rode a camel, my father rode a camel, I drive a Mercedes, my son drives a Land Rover, his son will drive a Land Rover, but his son will ride a camel,[2]" reflected his concern that Dubai's oil, which was discovered in 1966 and which began production in 1971, would run out within a few generations. He therefore worked to develop the economy of Dubai so that it could survive after the end of oil production, and was a driving force behind a number of major infrastructure projects to promote Dubai as a regional hub for trade:

  1. Port Rashid (opened in 1972)
  2. Al Shindagha Tunnel (opened in 1975)
  3. Jebel Ali Port (opened in 1979)
  4. Dubai World Trade Centre (built in 1978)
  5. The second major dredging and widening of the Dubai Creek (early 1970s)[3]
  6. Dubai Drydocks (opened in 1983)

Relationship with Other Emirates of the Persian Gulf[edit]

Dubai remained in a stand-off with Abu Dhabi at the time Sheikh Rashid became Ruler of Dubai following the armed border dispute between the two emirates in 1946, and he establish a close relationship with Qatar. Sheikh Rashid's daughter married the Emir of Qatar in 1961, and the Emir provided US$700,000,000 in the financing of Port Rashid as a wedding present. In 1966, India devalued the rupee, and Qatar and Dubai adopted the Gulf rupee as a common currency, whilst Abu Dhabi adopted the Bahraini dinar.

The Emir of Kuwait assisted in the financing of the Dredging of the Creek[citation needed], which resulted in Dubai's prominence as an entrepôt.

Sheikh Rashid brought Dubai to join Abu Dhabi and other northern Emirates to create the United Arab Emirates in 1971, and in 1973, Dubai joined the other emirates to adopt a uniform currency, the UAE dirham.

Jebel Ali port was established in 1979, and the customs free zone Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) was built around the port in 1985. By the late 1990s JAFZ developed into a commercial free zone.

Family[edit]

Sheikh Rashid had four sons and at least one daughter:

  1. Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (1943–2006)
  2. Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1945)
  3. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1949)
  4. Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1950)

Both his predecessor (as Prime Minister) and his successor was his son, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum was the Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates from 1971 to 1979, and Emir of Dubai from 7 October 1990, until his death on 4 January 2006. Following his brother's death in 2006, another of Sheikh Rashid's sons, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoumtook over these positions and is the current ruler of Dubai.[4] Sheikh Rashid is also related to Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, who is presently the Chairman of Emirates airline.

His daughter was married to Qatari ruler, Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The late Vice President Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum". UAE Cabinet. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Gluckman, Ron. "Hong Kong of the Desert?". Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Ruling Shaikhs and Her Majesty's Government, 1960-1969. Joyce, Miriam. Routledge. 2003
  4. ^ Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Peterson, J. E. "Rulers, Merchants and Shaikhs in Gulf Politics". The Gulf Family. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sheikh Said II ibn Maktum
Emir of Dubai
1958—1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
1979—1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum