Council for German Orthography
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The Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung (German pronunciation: [ˈʁaːt fyːɐ̯ ˈdɔʏtʃə ˈʁɛçtˌʃʁaɪbʊŋ], Council for German Orthography), or RdR, is the main international body regulating the German language.
With its seat being in Mannheim, Germany, the RdR was formed in 2004 as a successor to the Zwischenstaatliche Kommission für deutsche Rechtschreibung ("Intergovernmental Commission for German Orthography") in order to comprise proponents as well as opponents to the German orthography reform of 1996 (and subsequent reforms).
Currently the RdR is composed of 39 members from the following states and regions:
- Germany: 18 councillors
- Austria: 9 councillors
- Switzerland: 9 councillors
- South Tyrol (Italy): 1 councillor
- German-speaking Community of Belgium: 1 councillor
- Liechtenstein: 1 councillor
Despite having German as one of its official languages, Luxembourg, which was not involved in devising the reform of 1996, is not part of the council. The government of Luxembourg unilaterally adopted the reform and due to its efficiency it is well-accepted by the country's teachers. According to the duchy's largest newspaper, the Luxemburger Wort, Luxembourg does not perceive itself as a "German-speaking country" (the only national language is Luxembourgish) and thus had no right to take part in the council. However, Luxembourg does participate in La Francophonie and has members in the Académie française, despite French being only an official language, just like German.
The chairman of the Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache (GfdS) is a member of the council. In 2003, the RdR, the GfdS, the Goethe Institute and the Institute of the German Language, founded the German Language Council (Deutscher Sprachrat) which was later also joined by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
- Luxemburger Wort, 9. August 2004
- Carte interactive des Etats et gouvernements membres - Organisation internationale de la Francophonie