A rate ratio (sometimes called an incidence density ratio) in epidemiology, is a relative difference measure used to compare the incidence rates of events occurring at any given point in time. A common application for this measure in analytic epidemiologic studies is in the search for a causal association between a certain risk factor and an outcome.
Where incidence rate is the occurrence of an event over person-time, for example person-years.
Note the the same time intervals must used for both incidence rates.
- Bellan, Steve. "Study Design and Analysis in Epidemiology: Where does modeling fit?". Retrieved 8 April 2012.
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