|Pokémon series character|
|First game||Pokémon Red and Blue|
|Designed by||Ken Sugimori|
|Voiced by||Jimmy Zoppi|
Rattata, known in Japan as Koratta (コラッタ), is a Pokémon species in Nintendo and Game Freak's Pokémon franchise. Rattata evolves into Raticate after gaining enough experience in battle. Created by Ken Sugimori, it first appeared in the video games Pokémon Red and Blue and later appear in subsequent sequels, various merchandise, spinoff titles, and animated and printed adaptations of the franchise.
Concept and characteristics
Rattata was one of several different designs conceived by Game Freak's character development team and finalized by Ken Sugimori for the first generation of Pocket Monsters games Red and Green, which were localized outside of Japan as Pokémon Red and Blue. Originally called "Koratta" in Japanese, Nintendo decided to give the various Pokémon species "clever and descriptive names" related to their appearance or features when translating the game for western audiences as a means to make the characters more relatable to American children. It was originally known as Rattatak in the English beta version, but the name was eventually changed to Rattata, which IGN believes is a combination of "rat" and "attack".
Rattata is known as the Mouse Pokémon. Rattata resemble small purple rats with large red eyes, cream bellies, paw soles and square fangs. Rattata has a long, purple curled tail. They walk on four legs. Rattata are among the earliest Pokémon that can be caught by players, so much so that it is said that the presence of one Rattata indicates the presence of more than forty Rattata in the area. They make their nests almost anywhere and as extreme omnivores eat anything they can scavenge. A Rattata's fangs grow continuously throughout its lifespan, so it whittles them down to a comfortable size by gnawing on hard objects. They are best known for their Quick Attack attack, which allows them to strike their enemy first, even if it is not their turn to do so.
In the video games
Rattata first appeared in Pokémon Red and Blue and was an early Pokémon found by players. It has since appeared in every subsequent main Pokémon title.
Outside of the main titles, they also appeared in the Pokémon Stadium titles, Pokémon Rumble, the Pokémon Pinball titles, the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon titles, and the Pokémon Ranger titles. In Pokémon Stadium, Rattata featured in its own mini game called "Run, Rattata, Run", in which players needs to avoid obstacles as it runs on a treadmill to reach the finish line. Rattata is the sole starting Pokémon in the Wiiware video game Pokémon Rumble.
In the anime
In the anime, Rattata debuted in the first episode of the series, trying to steal food from Ash's bag. A trainer named A.J. has three Rattata, that he sent out to look for his missing Sandshrew. Casey also has a Rattata, whose only appearance was in a battle with Ash. Since then Rattata has had a few cameo appearances in many different episodes.
In other media
In the Pokémon Adventures manga, Rattata's first appearance is a cameo as one of the Pokémon that escapes from Professor Oak's Laboratory. Rattata's first main appearance is when Bill is transformed into one in an accident with his Pokémon transporter. A Rattata is Yellow's first Pokémon (nicknamed "Ratty") that later evolves into a Raticate. Also, Gold has a friend that specializes in training Rattata, based on the character Youngster Joey, from the games Gold and Silver.
Fellow GamesRadar editor Raymond Padilla criticized both Rattata and Raticate's design for being too similar to its inspiration and described it as a "filthy rodent". Author Loredana Lipperini wrote that despite its knife-like fangs, Rattata shares the land peacefully with Pidgey. Official Nintendo Magazine's Chris Scullion criticized how common Rattata was and described it as "rubbish". IGN's "Pokémon Chick" wrote that anyone that has never seen a Rattata has never played a Pokémon game. She added that because of its underwhelming nature, it is usually sent to the players' PC box. The Escapist's John Funk called it a "familiar face".
- Staff. "2. 一新されたポケモンの世界". Nintendo.com (in Japanese). Nintendo. p. 2. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Stuart Bishop (2003-05-30). "Game Freak on Pokémon!". CVG. Archived from the original on 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
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- Pokédex: Will chew on anything with its fangs. If you see one, it is certain that 40 more live in the area. Game Freak. Pokémon Yellow. (Nintendo). Game Boy. (1999-10-01)
- Pokédex: It eats anything. Wherever food is available, it will settle down and produce offspring continuously. Game Freak. Pokémon Gold. (Nintendo). Game Boy. (2000-10-15)
- Pokédex: Bites anything when it attacks. Small and very quick, it is a common sight in many places. Game Freak. Pokémon Red and Blue. (Nintendo). Game Boy. (1998-09-30)
- Pokédex: Its fangs are long and very sharp. They grow continuously, so it gnaws on hard things to whittle them down. Game Freak. Pokémon FireRed. (Nintendo). Game Boy. (2004-09-09)
- Raymond Padilla. "Pokemusings, week 18, Pokemon Battle Revolution Wii Features". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- Loredana Lipperini (2000). Generazione Pokémon: i bambini e l ... - Google Books. Castelvecchi. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "ONM Blog: The Perfect Pokémon Game". Official Nintendo Magazine. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- Pokémon of the Day Chick (12/3/02). "Pokemon Crystal Version Pokemon of the Day: Rattata (#19) - IGN FAQs". IGN. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "The Escapist : Review: Pokémon Black & White Versions". Escapistmagazine.com. 2011-03-04. Retrieved 2011-04-05.