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Raudat Tahera (Arabic روضة طاهرة ) is the mausoleum of the celebrated Dr. Syedna Taher Saifuddin, 51st Dai al-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras community whom he guided from January 1915 to his death in November 1965. He was succeeded by his son, the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq Dr. Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin.
The white-marble Fatemi shrine is located in the midst of Bhendi Bazaar, a crowded area in central Mumbai. It was constructed by His Holiness Dr.Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, while its architect was Yahya Merchant, who has also designed the tomb of Jinnah, Founder of Pakistan, located in Karachi. The shrine is visited daily by thousands of Dawoodi Bohras from all over the world.
Various heads of state and other foreign dignitaries have visited Raudat Tahera and paid their respects. Their awe and respect can be gauged by their reactions and comments in visitors' book. Many Indian leaders have expressed their pride in India having such a magnificent monument that is unique in several respects and is the only one of its kind in the world.
The construction began on December 10, 1968 which coincided with the date of 21st of Ramadaan Hijri 1388 of the Fatimid Calendar, death anniversary of Moula Ali and was inaugurated on April 19, 1975 by the Indian president Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed coinciding with the birthday celebrations of Imam Taiyab abi al-Qasim which as per the Hijri calendar was on the 4th Rabi`-ul-Akhir 1395.
- The marble used in the mausoleum was quarried from the Chosira and Ulodi quarries of the famed Makrana quarries in Rajasthan, India from where marble for Taj Mahal was quarried.
- The mausoleum rests on 92 piles. The number 92 is significant in that it represents the Arabic gematrical value of the name of Muhammad "محمد".
- The complete structure weighs 5000 tons.
- The mausoleum rises to a height of 108 feet (33 m), which is the Arabic gematrical value of the word Haqq.
- The dome is 52 feet (16 m) high as its crowning feature.
- A 12 feet (3.7 m) high gold finial stands sentinel over the dome.
- There are four smaller domes, one at each corner of the central dome, each with a gold finial to match its larger prototype, and perfect the setting against the azure sky. The dome and cornice are inspirations from Al Jamea Juyushi, Cairo.
- The four walls of the mausoleum have a 4 feet (1.2 m) and 6 inches (15 cm) thick masonry wall, with 3 inches (7.6 cm) cladding on both sides, making its final thickness of 5 feet (1.5 m), which reflects the members of Ahl al-Bayt.
- The outer walls are decorated with the names of Aimmat Tahereen (Ahl al-Bayt, Fatimid Imams) and Duat Mutlaqeen in the Kufic script.
- The four entrance doors to the shrine have been specially designed to match the entrance gate of Al Jamea Al Aqmar in Cairo built by Imam Al-Amir. The entrances are adorned with four silver doors of Fatemi style and lead to sanctum sanctorum of the tomb. There are five arches above each of these four doors.
- The entrance facing west is called Raudat Tahera
- The entrance facing east is called Bab E Hakimi, so named after his ancestor the Dawoodi Bohra saint Syedi Abdulqader Hakimuddin, whose mausoleum is in Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh.
- The entrance facing south is called Bab E Zaini, so named after the 45th Da'i Syedna Taiyeb Zainuddin, his great grandfather, whose tomb is in Surat.
- The entrance facing north is called Bab E Fakhri, so named after his ancestor the Dawoodi Bohra saint Syedi Fakhruddin Shaheed, whose mausoleum is in Galiyakot, Rajasthan.
- The inner height of the mausoleum is 80 feet (24 m) above the plinth, the age of the Syedna (AQ). Similarly there are 80 corniches all around the mausoleum.
- The inner dimensions of the tomb are 51 x 51 feet (16 m), symbolizing that he was the 51st representative and Vicegerent of the Fatimid Imams.
- In the center of the tomb is the grave, whose measurement is 28 square feet (2.6 m2). The number 28 indicates the young age at which he became the Dai al-Mutlaq.
- What gives the tomb a unique place of honour amongst all the monuments in the world, is the inscription of the entire Quran within its four walls. Upon the instructions of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin TUS, the 772 page golden handwritten Quran from which Syedna Taher Saifuddin used to recite daily, was photocopied and transcribed onto an equal number, that is 772 marble slabs of 3x2 feet each and pasted in the inner walls of the Raudat. As such, the entire Quran is engraved on the inner walls of Raudat Tahera and makes it the only monument in the world to have a complete religious book engraved within its sanctum sanctorum.
- On top, the structural shell consists of a dome 40 feet (12 m) in diameter with a height of 52 feet (16 m). The dome is a replica of Al Jamea Al Juyushi, Cairo.
- The rosette at the apex of the dome has the same mudawwar design in the interior as that of the masjid Al Juyushi, with the Quranic proclamation "إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُمْسِكُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ أَن تَزُولَا ۚ وَلَئِن زَالَتَآ إِنْ أَمْسَكَهُمَا مِنْ أَحَدٍۢ مِّنۢ بَعْدِهِ", (Surah 35 Ayat 41) meaning "Allah holds the sky and earth together which none else can" along its periphery. The names of Mohammed and his successor Ali are embellished in Kufic script in the center.
- Though it was not intended originally, but as the laying of the Quranic tablets within the walls continued, it became apparent that all the entrance doors to the tomb got adorned with a Bismillah.
- All the 113 Bismillah in the Quran inscribed on the walls are studded with precious gem stones, such as rubies, diamonds, emeralds, corals etc. The Surat Al Fatiha and Surat Al Ikhlas are studded with rubies.
- Below the Quran, on the walls are the stanzas and verses quoted from the 49 Risalah sharifah, hundreds of Qasidas and munajaats written by Syedna Taher Saifuddin which reflect the Barakah of the Quran and the Ilm of Ale Mohammed. They demonstrate his interpretation of the scriptures, and which inspire the visitor, to a higher plane of thinking and nobler way of life, towards which Islam ultimately beckons.
- A glittering crystal chandelier, suspended from the center of the dome, sheds its brilliance upon the tomb and seems to cast a divine light upon the hallowed precincts, while the four circular corner fittings and twenty four wall brackets lend their light to the radiance within the Mausoleum. The chandeliers are especially made on order and each pendetive is engraved with the Quranic verse "لا يمسه الا المطهرون" (Surah 56 Ayat 79) meaning "none but the pure shall hold the Holy Quran". It is claimed to be among the largest chandeliers in the world.
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