Raul M. Gonzalez

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For other people named Raúl González, see Raúl González (disambiguation).
Raul Gonzales
Raul Gonzalez.png
Secretary of Justice
In office
2004–2009
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Merceditas N. Gutierrez
Succeeded by Agnes Devanadera
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Iloilo's Lone District
In office
June 30, 1995 – June 30, 2004
Preceded by Rafael J. Lopez-Vito
Succeeded by Raul T. Gonzalez, Jr.
Personal details
Born December 3, 1930
Nationality Filipino
Political party Lakas-Kampi-CMD
Alma mater University of Santo Tomas
Profession Politician
Religion Roman Catholic

Raúl Maravilla González, was the Chief Presidential Legal Counsel and was the Former Secretary of Justice of the Philippines. He was replaced by Agnes Devanadera in 2009 from the orders of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.

Early life and education[edit]

Gonzales was born on December 3, 1930. He is the fourth child of Delfin O. Gonzalez, the last mayor of the former town of Jaro in the province of Iloilo; and Estrella Jover Maravilla, a school teacher.

Gonzalez completed his Bachelor of Arts degree at the Colegio de San Agustin (now University of San Agustin) and his Bachelor of Law degree at the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law in 1955.

Gonzales took the Philippine Bar Examination in 1955 and in the same year, passed with a grade of 99% in Remedial Law and 95% in International Law. He also topped the Judge Advocate General's Office (JAGO) Examinations.[1]

Teaching career[edit]

After passing the Bar, Gonzalez became professor of law in the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law, the Far Eastern University Institute of Law, and the Philippine College of Commerce (now Polytechnic University of the Philippines). He was also a professorial lecturer at the Philippine Normal University-Manila Graduate School, Assumption College and the College of Holy Spirit. He also lectured in the University of the Philippines Law Center Division of Continuing Legal Education.

Government service and political career[edit]

Gonzales served in the Philippine government in various capacities. He started as a Legal Assistant to the Governor of Iloilo in 1960 before serving as Senior Legal Assistant to the Mayor of Manila in 1961. Gonzales was Executive Member of the Board of Censors for Motion Pictures under the Office of the President from 1963 to 1969, Senior Committee Counsel to the Committees on Labor and Immigration in the Philippine Senate, among others.

The courageous Gonzales continued fighting the martial law regime of Ferdinand Marcos by filing several petitions before the Supreme Court when only a few dared. These cases are now part of constitutional law and are part of the curriculum of every law school in the Philippines.

In 1989, Gonzalez was suspended by the Supreme Court from the practice of law for an indefinite period as a Tanodbayan for ignorance of the law.[2][3] He denied that he asked the Supreme Court to lift his suspension but according to the decision, penned by Justice Campos[4] He was reinstated four years later, in 1993.

Gonzales entered politics in 1995, running for and winning the lone congressional seat of Iloilo City. He was one of the public prosecutors during the impeachment trial of then President Joseph Estrada. He helped expose the corruption of Estrada and bring about the latter's removal.

In the 2004 election, he served as Co-chairman of the 14-man National Canvassing Board of the Philippine Congress. Later, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo appointed Gonzalez as Secretary of Justice.

He was hounded by vote-buying controversies after he promised barangay captains from the city of Iloilo to deliver 12-0 senatorial sweep for the administrations party in the midterm elections. The sweep did not occur.[citation needed] He also promised another cash incentives and free trip to Hong Kong if Iloilo City Council oppositionists Perla Zulueta and Lex Tupas were not to make it to the top 12 (which they did not).[citation needed]

On June 4, 2008 Gonzales became the Secretary of Justice. He was appointed by Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and confirmed by the Commission on Appointments' committee.[5][6]

Private life[edit]

Gonzalez is married to Dr. Pacita Trinidad, a former Representative of the second district of Zambales, with whom he has four children.

Their eldest son, Raul Gonzalez Jr., is the current Representative of Iloilo City. Another son is the current president of the National Book Development Board, an organization committed to upgrade the publishing industry in the Philippines.

Gonzalo suffers from kidney problems and in September 2007 he received a successful kidney transplant. His driver, Felicito Gunay, was the donor.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office of the President website profile
  2. ^ "Time to resign". INQUIRER.net Blogs. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2007-06-02. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-11-15. "Gonzalez ... was suspended by the Supreme Court a few months later, in October 1988, essentially for insisting on a legal view already rejected by the court. (He was reinstated about four years later, in early 1993.)" 
  3. ^ "Enrique A. Zaldivar vs. The Honorable Sandiganbayan and Hon. Raul M. Gonzales, etc.; Enrique A. Zaldivar vs. Hon. Raul M. Gonzales, etc.; G. R.Nos. 79690-707, G. R. No. 80578". 1989-02-01. p. 424. Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Enrique A. Zaldivar vs. The Honorable Sandiganbayan and Hon. Raul M. Gonzales, etc., claiming to be and acting as Tanodbayan-Ombudsman under the 1987 Constitution, ect.; G. R. Nos. 79690-707, April 7, 1993". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. ChanRobles Publishing Company. Retrieved 2007-11-16. "In October, 1988, We suspended respondent Raul M. Gonzales from the practice of law for an indefinite period.... purge himself in his own good time of his contempt and misconduct by acknowledging such misconduct, exhibiting appropriate repentance and demonstrating his willingness and capacity to live up to the exacting standards of conduct rightly demanded from every member of the bar and the officer of the courts." 
  5. ^ gmanews.tv, Gonzalez gets CA nod after four years
  6. ^ abs-cbnnews.com, CA confirms Gonzalez, Puno and others
  7. ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Gonzalez 'fully awake, conversant' a day after kidney transplant
  8. ^ Inquirer.net, Driver gives Gonzalez gift of life

External links[edit]

House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Rafael J. Lopez-Vito
Representative, Lone District of Iloilo City
1995-2004
Succeeded by
Raul T. Gonzalez, Jr.
Legal offices
Preceded by
Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez
Philippine Secretary of Justice
September 1, 2004 – September 5, 2007
Succeeded by
Agnes Devanadera
Preceded by
Agnes Devanadera
Philippine Secretary of Justice
November 2007 – 2009
Succeeded by
Agnes Devanadera