From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Raung volcano.jpg
Color infrared view of Raung Volcano, May 1992
Elevation 3,332 m (10,932 ft)[1]
Prominence 3,069 m (10,069 ft)[2][3]
Ranked 83rd
Listing Ultra
Raung is located in Java
Location on Java, Indonesia
Location Java, Indonesia
Coordinates 8°07′30″S 114°02′30″E / 8.12500°S 114.04167°E / -8.12500; 114.04167Coordinates: 8°07′30″S 114°02′30″E / 8.12500°S 114.04167°E / -8.12500; 114.04167[1]
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption April 2015 (ongoing)
The view of Mount Raung from Kalibaru Town, East Java, Indonesia

Raung is one of the most active volcanoes on the island of Java in Indonesia.

It is located in the province of East Java and has a 2-kilometre-wide (1.2 mi) and 500-metre-deep (1,600 ft) caldera surrounded by a grayish rim. The difference in color of the rim and the flanks of the volcanoes is caused by the rim’s lack of vegetation compared with the healthy and extensive vegetation on the flanks. Raung, standing almost 3,332 metres (10,932 ft) above sea level, is the tallest volcano of this cluster. Although the valleys between the major volcanoes boast fertile, ash-enriched soil for agriculture, available land is very limited. Raung contains centres constructed along a NE to SW line, with Gunung Suket and Gunung Gadung stratovolcanoes being located to the northeast and west, respectively. Mount Raung can be seen from Lovina Beach, Singaraja, North Bali. The normal route climbing is through Bondowoso and Sumber Wringin.[4]

Eruption of 1913.

Its earliest recorded eruption was in 1586 which resulted in fatalities; between 1586 and 1817 five more deadly eruptions were recorded.[5]

Raung forestry in 2015

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Raung". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  2. ^ "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  3. ^ "Gunung Raung, Indonesia" Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  4. ^ "Gunung Raung". Retrieved March 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ McClelland, Lindsay (1989). Global Volcanism, 1975-1985. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-357203-X. 
Raung, September 2005