Color infrared view of Raung Volcano, May 1992
|Elevation||3,332 m (10,932 ft)|
|Prominence||3,069 m (10,069 ft)
It is located in the province of East Java and has a 2-kilometre-wide (1.2 mi) and 500-metre-deep (1,600 ft) caldera surrounded by a grayish rim. The difference in color of the rim and the flanks of the volcanoes is caused by the rim’s lack of vegetation compared with the healthy and extensive vegetation on the flanks. Raung, standing almost 3,332 metres (10,932 ft) above sea level, is the tallest volcano of this cluster. Although the valleys between the major volcanoes boast fertile, ash-enriched soil for agriculture, available land is very limited. Raung contains centres constructed along a NE to SW line, with Gunung Suket and Gunung Gadung stratovolcanoes being located to the northeast and west, respectively. Mount Raung can be seen from Lovina Beach, Singaraja, North Bali. The normal route climbing is through Bondowoso and Sumber Wringin.
Its earliest recorded eruption was in 1586 which resulted in fatalities; between 1586 and 1817 five more deadly eruptions were recorded.
- "Raung". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0603-34%3D. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Gunung Raung, Indonesia" Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Gunung Raung". Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- McClelland, Lindsay (1989). Global Volcanism, 1975-1985. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-357203-X.
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