Ravello

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Ravello
Comune
Comune di Ravello
Amalfi Coast looking south from Ravello
Amalfi Coast looking south from Ravello
Coat of arms of Ravello
Coat of arms
Ravello is located in Italy
Ravello
Ravello
Location of Ravello in Italy
Coordinates: 40°39′N 14°37′E / 40.650°N 14.617°E / 40.650; 14.617
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Frazioni Sambuco, Torello, Castiglione, Marmorata, San Cosma, San Pietro alla Costa, Monte, Casa Bianca
Government
 • Mayor Paolo Vuilleumier
Area
 • Total 7 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)
Population (1 December 2009)
 • Total 2,477
 • Density 350/km2 (920/sq mi)
Demonym Ravellesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84010
Dialing code 089
Patron saint St. Pantaleon
Saint day July 27
Website Official website

Ravello is a town and comune situated above the Amalfi Coast in the province of Salerno, Campania, southern Italy, with approximately 2,500 inhabitants. It is a popular tourist destination due to its scenic beauty.

History[edit]

Ravello was founded in the 5th century as a shelter place against the barbarian invasions which marked the end of the Western Roman Empire. In the 9th century Ravello was an important town of the maritime republic of Amalfi, a producer of wool from its surrounding country that was dyed in the town and an important trading power in the Mediterranean between 839 and around 1200.

In 1086. at the request of the Norman count Roger Borsa, who wished to create a counterweight to powerful Amalfi, Pope Victor III made Ravello the seat of diocese immediately subject to the Holy See, with territory split off from that of the archdiocese of Amalfi. Early on, the bishops of Ravello all came from patrician families of the city, showing the church's municipalised character.

In the 12th century, Ravello had some 25,000 inhabitants, and it retains a disproportionate number of palazzi of the mercantile nobility, the Rufolo, d'Aflitto, Confalone and Della Marra. In 1137, after a first failed attack two years before, it was destroyed by the Republic of Pisa. After this, a demographic and economic decline set in, and much of its population moved to Naples and its surroundings.

On 31 July 1603 the Diocese of Ravello was merged aeque principaliter with the diocese of Scala. The Bishop of Scala, then Francesco Bennio, became bishop of Ravello - he and his successors remained titulars of both Ravello and Scala until 27 June 1818, when both dioceses were suppressed and merged into the archdiocese of Amalfi by Pope Pius VII's bull De utiliori, in the wake of his concordat with Ferdinand I.

Ravello was famed for the noble families who were called the patricians of Ravello: Acconciajoco, Alfano, Appencicario, Aufiero, Bove, Campanile, Cassitto, Castaldo, Citarella, Confalone, Coppola, Cortese, D'Afflitto, De Curtis, Dell'Isola, Della Marra, De Piccolellis, De Vito, Fenice, Foggia, Frezza, Fusco, Giusto, Grisone, Guerritore, Longo, Mansi, Marinelli, Muscettola, Panicola, Papice, Pironti, Rago, Rogadeo, Rovito, Rufolo, Russo, Rustici, Sasso, Arcucci.

Main sights[edit]

Overview[edit]

  • In 1996, Ravello was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Duomo (Cathedral) of Ravello: the central nave contains the "Pulpit of the Gospels", on the right of the central nave, created in 1272 by Nicolò di Bartolomeo from Foggia.[1]
  • Villa Rufolo (1270), built by Nicola Rufolo, one of the richest Patricians of Ravello, on a ledge and it has become a famous attraction for thousands of visitors. The villa was mentioned by Giovanni Boccaccio in his Decameron and it is the place where Richard Wagner in 1880 was inspired for the stage design of his opera Parsifal.[2]
  • Villa Cimbrone, famous for its "Terrace of the Infinite".[3]
  • The church of San Giovanni del Toro (Saint John of the Bull) dating to before the year 1000. The church contains the Bove pulpit, dateable to 1200–1230, incorporated as mosaic fragments Raqqa bacini.
  • The small church of Santa Maria a Gradillo (11th century). It has a basilica plan, with three apses.
  • Sanctuary of Sts. Cosmas and Damian (14th century)
  • Two famous gardens: Villa Cimbrone and Villa Rufolo.
  • Amalfi Coast: the amalfi coast, or Costiera Amalfitana in Italian, is a stretch of coastline on the southern side of the Sorrentine Peninsula of Italy, extending from Positano in the west to Vietri sul Mare in the east

Photogallery[edit]

Airport[edit]

Aereo The nearest airport is Salerno-Pontecagnano Airport (QSR).

Culture[edit]

The town has served historically as a destination for artists, musicians, and writers, including Giovanni Boccaccio, Richard Wagner, Edvard Grieg, M. C. Escher,[4] Virginia Woolf, Greta Garbo, Gore Vidal, André Gide, Joan Mirò, Truman Capote, Tennessee Williams, Graham Greene, Jacqueline Kennedy, Leonard Bernstein and Sara Teasdale (who mentioned it in her prefatory dedication in Love Songs).

Every year in the summer months, the "Ravello Festival" takes place. It began in 1953 in honour of Richard Wagner, who signed the guestbook of his local hotel with the words "The magical garden of Klingsor is found" suggesting that it was in Ravello that the composer found the inspiration for his Parsifal.

There is an ancient legend, still recounted by tour guides in Salerno and Amalfi, that it was to Ravello, with its breathtaking view of the Mediterranean and the dramatic Amalfi coastline, that Satan transported Jesus during His second temptation to show the beauty of the world's kingdoms. (Luke 4: 5-8)

It is possible that George Eliot was inspired by the name of Ravello when writing her 19th century novel Silas Marner, set in the fictional West Midlands village of Raveloe.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]