Raven Ridge

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Raven Ridge. NASA satellite photo, 2008.[1]

Raven Ridge is a starkly visible sedimentary rock exposure located in Rio Blanco County, Colorado and Uintah County, Utah, USA. It is managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The ridge contains a diverse selection of rare plants unique to the state of Colorado.

Geology[edit]

The Raven Ridge rock exposures provide an opportunity to understand this part of Earth’s history. This section through a sequence of rock layers that were deposited between ~53-49 million years ago, has become exposed because of its later tectonic history. The outcrops span the geological time interval that includes the early and middle portions of the Eocene epoch. During this time, ancestral horses, primates, and rodents, among many other mammal groups, were common at Raven Ridge. At the southern edge of Raven Ridge are found the only available surface coal beds in the area.[2]

The rocks of Raven Ridge were originally deposited on or near a shore line as horizontal sedimentary layers within the Uinta Basin. Uplift and folding associated with the later stages of the Laramide Orogeny subsequently tilted them into a nearly vertical position.[1][3]

Plants[edit]

Raven Ridge is the habitat for eight endemic rare plant species: Penstemon grahamii (Graham's beardtongue), Penstemon albifluvis (White River beardtongue), Astragalus lutosus (Dragon milkvetch), Aquilegia barnebyi (Mancos columbine), Cryptantha rollinsii (Rollins's catseye), Parthenium ligulata (Colorado feverfew), Eriogonum ephedroides (ephedra buckwheat), and Phacelia incana (hoary phacelia). Numerous other plants are found there as well.[4][5]

Fossils[edit]

Found at the summit of the ridge are a multitude of perfectly preserved fossil gastropods.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Raven Ridge, Colorado at NASA Earth Observatory
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Bulletin - United States Geological Survey, Issue 415. books.google.com. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  3. ^ Picard, M. Dane (1967). "AAPG/Datapages, Inc. DOI Citation". AAPG Bulletin (search.datapages.com) 51. doi:10.1306/5D25B7E9-16C1-11D7-8645000102C1865D. 
  4. ^ a b "Raven Ridge - Colorado State Parks". parks.state.co.us. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  5. ^ "Plants of Raven Ridge, near Rangely, CO, Rio Blanco Co. [Rio Blanco Co(s), Colorado]". Colorado Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 

External links[edit]

  • Eaton, Jeffrey; et al (1989). "Evidence of Reworked Cretaceous Fossils and their Bearing on the Existence of Tertiary Dinosaurs". The Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (JSTOR). JSTOR 3514776. 
  • Woodburne, Michael O. Late cretaceous and cenozoic mammals of North America. books.google.com. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 

Coordinates: 40°11′22″N 109°03′53″W / 40.18944°N 109.06472°W / 40.18944; -109.06472