Raven Software (or Raven Entertainment Software, Inc.) is an American video game developing company based in Wisconsin and founded in 1990. In 1997, Raven made an exclusive publishing deal with Activision and was subsequently acquired by them. After the acquisition, much of the studio's original developers, largely responsible for creating the and Heretic games, left to form Hexen: Beyond Heretic Human Head Studios.
History [ edit ]
Raven Software was founded in 1990 by brothers Brian and Steve Raffel. The company was independent until 1997 when it looked for a buyer; eventually being bought by
Activision due to their happiness to leave the studio relatively untouched. When Raven Software were acquired they lost many employees and were unhappy with the acquisition. [1 ]
Raven has a history of working with
id Software: After using id's engines for many of their games (from Heretic in 1994), they took over development of id's Quake franchise for and the new iteration of id's Quake 4 Wolfenstein series. [2 ]
The company started off with three development teams, cut to two from the major layoffs, of 30-35 staff, which occurred in August 2009 following the poor performance and possible over-budget of
. Wolfenstein [3 ] The amount of teams reduced to one as a result of more layoffs in October 2010 after delays with [4 ] in which as many as 40 staff were released. Singularity [5 ] [6 ]
In 2012, Raven began hiring employees for a
next generation game, and were announced as collaborating with [7 ] Infinity Ward on in May 2013. Call of Duty: Ghosts [8 ]
On April 3, 2013 following the closure of
LucasArts, Raven Software released the source codes for and Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast on Kotaku. Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy [9 ]
As of April 2014, they are the lead developer of the F2P Chinese Call of Duty,
. Call of Duty: Online [10 ]
Games developed [ edit ]
MS-DOS, Mac OS
Hexen: Beyond Heretic MS-DOS, Mac OS,
PlayStation, Sega Saturn, Nintendo 64
Heretic: Shadow of the Serpent Riders
DOS, Microsoft Windows
Deathkings of the Dark Citadel DOS, Microsoft Windows,
Necrodome Microsoft Windows
Take No Prisoners Microsoft Windows
MageSlayer Microsoft Windows
Hexen II Microsoft Windows, Macintosh
Hexen II Mission Pack: Portal of Praevus Microsoft Windows
Heretic II Microsoft Windows,
AmigaOS, Mac OS, Mac OS X, Linux
Soldier of Fortune Microsoft Windows, Linux,
PlayStation 2, Dreamcast
Star Trek: Voyager – Elite Force Microsoft Windows, Mac OS
Star Trek: Voyager - Elite Force: Virtual Voyager Microsoft Windows
Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X
Soldier of Fortune II: Double Helix Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X
Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X
GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox
X-Men Legends II: Rise of Apocalypse
GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox
Quake 4 Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux,
Marvel: Ultimate Alliance PlayStation 2, Xbox,
PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
X-Men Origins: Wolverine Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
Wolfenstein Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
Singularity Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
(DLC, user interface) Call of Duty: Black Ops [11 ] Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3,
Wii, Xbox 360
(DLC, user interface) Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 [11 ] Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3,
Wii, Xbox 360
(Multiplayer) Call of Duty: Ghosts [12 ] Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3,
PlayStation 4, Wii U, Xbox 360, Xbox One
Call of Duty Online [10 ]
(Multiplayer) Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Microsoft Windows
References [ edit ]
^ "Lessons Learned from Raven Software". Edge. 20 February 2009 . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ "id Software and Activision, Inc. Confirm Wolfenstein(R) for the Xbox 360 Video Game and Entertainment System". PR Newswire. 2005-10-05.
^ Ivan, Tom. "Raven Software Hit By Layoffs".
^ Crecente, Brian (26 August 2009). "Raven Hit By Layoffs, Some Point to Lackluster Wolfenstein Sales". Kotaku . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ "Raven Software loses more staff".
^ Crecente, Brian (11 October 2010). "Singularity Game Developer Hit with Layoffs". Kotaku . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ Hinkle, David (2 November 2012). "Raven job listings suggest next-gen game in the works". Joystiq . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ Pitcher, Jenna (May 22, 2013). "Raven Software and Neversoft assisted Infinity Ward in Call of Duty: Ghosts development". Polygon . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ Hinkle, David (4 April 2013). "Jedi Outcast and Jedi Academy source code released". Joystiq . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ a b "Raven Software now the lead developer on CoD: Online for China". CharlieIntel. April 17, 2014.
^ a b gamerzines (2011-07-20). "Infinity Ward clarifies Raven's involvement with CoD franchise". gamerzines.com.
^ Conklin, Aaron K. (October 31, 2013). "Raven Software revolutionizes multiplayer gaming with Call of Duty: Ghosts". The Daily Page . Retrieved November 5, 2013.
External links [ edit ]