Ashwin in February 2013.
|Full name||Ravichandran Ashwin|
17 September 1986 |
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Bowling style||Right-arm off break|
|Test debut (cap 271)||6 November 2011 v West Indies|
|Last Test||8 November 2013 v West Indies|
|ODI debut (cap 185)||5 June 2010 v Pakistan|
|Last ODI||2 November 2013 v Australia|
|ODI shirt no.||99|
|T20I debut (cap 30)||12 June 2010 v Zimbabwe|
|Last T20I||28 December 2012 v Bangladesh|
|Domestic team information|
|2010–present||Chennai Super Kings|
|Source: ESPNcricinfo, 23 June 2013|
Ravichandran Ashwin pronunciation (help·info) (born 17 September 1986) is an Indian international cricketer who is currently ranked as the number one Test all-rounder. He is a right-handed batsman and right-arm off-break bowler. He plays for Tamil Nadu in domestic cricket and the Chennai Super Kings in IPL. He is the fastest Indian bowler to take 50 wickets & 100 wickets in Test cricket.
He is the only bowler of recent times apart from Ajantha Mendis of Sri Lanka to bowl the carrom ball. His bowling has a lot of variation. His bowling has brought him a lot of success: he has been India's highest wicket taker since his debut with 186 wickets in all forms of the game.
He is a very handy lower-order batsman as well. He possesses a compact and correct batting technique and good temperament which has seen him score two centuries and three half-centuries in his Test career so far.
Early years and personal life
Ashwin was born into a Hindu Brahmin family. He lives in West Mambalam, Chennai. He did his schooling from Padma Seshadri Bala Bhavan and St. Bede's. He attended SSN College of Engineering and graduated with a B.Tech in Information Technology. He was nicknamed Dada during his U-19 days while touring Dharamshala.
Ashwin is a tall off-spinner who primarily relies on the bounce of the pitch to get his wickets, much like his predecessors Harbhajan Singh and S Venkatraghavan. But, unlike the other two, he is willing to flight the ball thereby giving it more chance to spin and dip on the batsman. In addition to his stock delivery the off-break, he has good control over his arm-ball and the carrom ball the latter of which he uses frequently in the shorter formats. In IPL 2013 he was seen bowling leg-break and googly as well. However, in an interview he has stated that he refrains from bowling the doosra as it requires him to bend and straighten his arm which he finds difficult to do.
Ashwin was the highest wicket taker in the 2010 Champions League Twenty20, playing for Chennai Super Kings, with 13 wickets in the tournament. He was adjudged Player of the Tournament and also won the Golden Wicket. During the IPL 2011 auction on 5 and 6 January 2011, Ashwin was retained by Chennai Super Kings. He played a brilliant role in the IPL final of 2011.He dismissed Chris Gayle at very early overs,which in result Chennai won the IPL cup 2011.  Presently, he holds the record for the most economical bowler in Indian Premier League history, with an economy rate of 6.12.
He made his ODI debut against Sri Lanka on 6 June 2010. He scored 38 runs in a losing game.
Later, in that month he was selected in the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 squad to represent India along with the spinners Harbhajan Singh and Piyush Chawla. He played 2 matches for India in that series. He made his World Cup debut on 20 March 2011 against the West Indies with bowling figures of 10–0–41–2. He played his second world cup match against Australia in the second quarter final at Ahmadabad (10–1–52–2).
On 16 March 2012, he got his 50th ODI wicket at an overall average of 29.00.
100 test wicket
In November 2011, he made his Test debut earning his test cap from Sachin Tendulkar along with Umesh Yadav against West Indies, with figures of 27–4–81–3 in the 1st innings and 21.3–5–47–6 in the 2nd innings. Ashwin was awarded the Man of the Series for his performances with both ball and bat. In the third Test (also Ashwin's third Test), he scored his maiden international century, helping India to a draw.
Ashwin subsequently toured Australia for India's four-Test series in 2011–12. He played in three of the Tests (being left out of the side for the third Test on the pace-friendly WACA Ground), taking nine wickets at an average of 62.77.
Ashwin took 18 wicktes at average of 13.11 in two test matches against New Zealand and become Man of the Series.
- 1st Test: His match figures of 12/85 in Hyderabad was the best by an Indian spinner against NZ bettering S Venkataraghavan's 47 year old record set on 19 March 1965 with match figures of 12/152 in Delhi. Ashwin's figures of 12/85 is the second best performance against NZ in a test match behind West indies CA Walsh's performance in Wellington on 10 February 1995.Ashwin's best bowling figures are 7/103 runs at MA Chidambaram stadium on 23/2/2013 
- 2nd Test:In Second Inning he took 5 wicktes for 69 runs.
Ashwin's superb bowling show brought him in the league of top 20 in ICC's Test Rankings.He achieved his career best test ranking of 18 after the series against New Zealand and 9th in the all-rounder rankings.
In the England tour of India in 2012, he took 3/80 in the 1st innings in the 1st test at Ahmedabad to help his side win. In the 2nd test at Mumbai, he scored 68 in the 1st innings and took 2/145 in the 1st innings (opening the bowling), however his side lost the test by 10 wickets. In the 3rd test at Kolkata, he scored 21 and 91*, and took 3/183 and 2/31; but his efforts were not enough as the visitors needed just 41 to win in the 2nd innings, and they won easily by 7 wickets.
Ashwin played his first home test in this tour in Chennai. In the Chepauk Test, in the first innings, he recorded his career best of 7/103. In the second innings, he ended with 5/95 and ended the match with figures of 12/198. In the second innings of the second test in Hyderabad, he registered yet another five wicket haul (5/63). In the final test in Delhi, he scalped his fourth five-wicket haul of the series. He finished the series with a tally of 29 wickets. He also won the Man of the Series award for his excellent bowling. R Ashwin has become the 3rd Indian off-spinner to take 25-plus wickets in a series after Harbhajan Singh (32) & EAS Prasanna (26)
Test five-wicket hauls
Test centuries and half-centuries
- Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest Indian bowler to reach 100 test wickets as he got to the milestone in his 18th Test match. The previous record holder was legendary Indian spinner Erapalli Prasanna who got their in his 20th test. Ashwin also became 5th fastest bowler in the world to reach 100 test wickets after G.Lohmann (Eng in 16 matches), CTB Turner (Aus in 17 matches), S.F.Barnes (Eng in 17 matches) & C.Grimmett (Aus in 17 matches).
- Ravichandran Ashwin became the first Indian cricketer to score a century and take five wickets in same test match in 2 separate instances. He achieved this feat for the first time in his third Test when he made 103 and took 5/156 in the first innings. Again he repeated the feat in the Kolkata test against West Indies in November 2013 where he took 2/52 in the 1st innings and 3/46 in the 2nd innings and scored 124 in India's 1st innings. Other Indians to have done this feat once are Vinoo Mankad in 1952 and Polly Umrigar in 1962. This feat had only been achieved 26 times previously in world cricket, the last occasion being by Jacques Kallis in 2002.
- He is also the third Indian cricketer to be awarded the Man of the Match (MoM) on debut. Other Indians to have done this are Narendra Hirwani, Pravin Amre and R.P. Singh,Rohit Sharma and Shikhar Dhawan, with Rohit Sharma and Shikhar Dhawan debuting after Ashwin. Ashwin registered the 2nd best bowling on debut by an Indian bowler with 9/128 performance, behind Hirwani’s 16-wicket world record debut performance.
- Ashwin became the fastest Indian to record 50 wickets in Test matches as he overhauled the milestone in his ninth game. He achieved it when he dismissed the England opener Nick Compton on 16 November 2012, the second day of the first Test at Ahmedabad. The previous record holder was the legendary Anil Kumble, who had reached the milestone in his tenth Test.
- On 8 December 2012, Ashwin completed 500 runs in his 11th Test cricket match when batting against England scoring 91*. With this he shares the record of becoming the fastest player along with Australia’s Jack Gregory and England’s Ian Botham, who also took 11 Tests to reach the mark of completing the all-round double of 500 runs and 50 wickets. Incidentally the quickest Indian to reach 500 runs and 50 wickets before Ashwin was Salim Durani, who did so in his 14th Test, followed by Vinoo Mankad in 15 tests and Kapil Dev in 16.
- Ashwin has surpassed former India captain Anil Kumble as the leading wicket-taker for India in a four-Test series. Ashwin claimed his 28th wicket of Border-Gavaskar Trophy (2012–13) at the Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi. The previous record of 27 had been achieved by Kumble against Australia too, during the 2004–05 edition of the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.
- Ashwin & Rohit Sharma together put on a record 7th partnership(280 Runs) for India in the first test against West Indies
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- West Indies v India West Indies in India 2013 (1st Test), ESPNCricinfo, retrieved 8 November 2013
- Afganisthan v India Afganisthan in India 2011/12 (3rd Test), ESPNCricinfo, retrieved 24 November 2012
- "All-round records". Retrieved 27 November 2011.
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