Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area
|Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area|
|Nearest town or city||Kingscote|
|Area||41,363 hectares (102,210 acres)|
|Established||15 October 1993|
|Managing authorities||Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (South Australia)|
Ravine Des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area is a protected area located on the west end of Kangaroo Island in South Australia about 80 km (50 mi) west of Kingscote. It was established in 1993 on land previously part of the Flinders Chase National Park.
The wilderness protection area occupies a parcel of land which is bounded to the south by the West Bay Road and the West Melrose Track, to the east by the West End Highway, the north in part by the Playford Highway and the remainder being the coastline down to mean low water mark from Harvey’s Return in the north-east to West Bay in the west. The coastline boundary, however, does exclude the former lighthouse reserve at Cape Borda which is part of the Flinders Chase National Park.
Origins and history
The wilderness protection area was proclaimed on 15 October 1993, “in order to protect and preserve the outstandingly high wilderness qualities of the area.” It was named after the Ravine des Casoars, a valley and associated drainage basin located in the northern half of the wilderness protection area. Previously, the land had been part of the Flinders Chase National Park and its predecessors since 1919. Prior to being part of a protected area, the land which had never been cleared by European colonists for agricultural or any other purpose appears to have supported Aboriginal people on the basis of archaeological evidence. As of 1999, radiocarbon dating of material recovered via archaeological excavation from sites at Cape du Couedic and Rocky River just outside of the wilderness protection area's southern boundary suggest Aboriginal presence from approximately 7,500 years BP to as recent as 350–400 years BP.
The following qualities have been identified by the government agency managing the wilderness protection area:
The extensive woodlands and nature forests are virtually pristine. The area contains several complete natural drainage systems, from watershed to their discharge at sea. Wilderness quality is recorded as high over the entire area except where it is reduced in a narrow north-south band by the presence of Shackle Road, an unsealed public access road. The vegetation is biologically intact and many endemic plants are present.
The ‘Flinders Chase Coastal Trek’ is a trekking trail between Cape du Couedic and the Ravine Des Casoars car park which located on the north side of the ravine at the southern end of Ravine Road. The trekking trail consists of three sections - Cape Du Couedic to Snake Lagoon (length of 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)), Snake Lagoon to West Bay (length of 20 kilometres (12 mi)) and West Bay to Ravine Des Casoars car park (length of 18 kilometres (11 mi)).
- "CAPAD 2012 South Australia Summary (see 'DETAIL' tab)". CAPAD 2012. Australian Government - Department of the Environment. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Flinders Chase National Park, Kelly Hill Conservation Park, Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area and Cape Bouguer Wilderness Protection Area Management Plans". Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs. 1999. p. 6. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "Parks of Kangaroo Island". Department for Environment and Natural Resoources. 2012. p. 9. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Robinson, A. C. & Armstrong, D. M. (ed.). A Biological Survey of Kangaroo Island, South Australia, 1989 & 1990. Adelaide, SA: Heritage and Biodiversity Section, Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs, South Australia. p. 35. ISBN 0 7308 5862 6. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Wilderness Advisory Committee Annual Report 2012-13. September 2013. p. 18. ISSN 1832-9357. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Ravine des Casoars WPA - Return Road Hike". Office for Recreation & Sport. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "TREKKING INFORMATION SHEET - Flinders Chase Coastal Trek, Flinders Chase National Park and Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area, Kangaroo Island". Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 1 May 2014.