|Elevation||68 m (223 ft)|
|• Official||Maithili, Bhojpuri Hindi, Nepali|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Paschim Champaran|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Raxaul|
Raxaul is a sub-divisional town in the East Champaran district of the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated on the India-Nepal border opposite Birganj (Nepal), and is an entry point in Nepal by road and rail. Raxaul is a major railway terminus.
As of 2011[update] India census, Raxaul Bazar had a population of 2,40,347. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Raxaul Bazar has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 48%. In Raxaul Bazar, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Raxaul railway station junction is situated on the Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines. Raxaul is connected to major Indian cities by railway. There are direct trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad (via Sitamarhi), Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Siwan, Sonpur, Hajipur, Lucknow and other cities. One can reach Raxaul by train from Delhi by Satyagraha Express, Saptkranti Superfast or Sadbhavana Express. The railway tracks were metre gauge and most of the tracks have been converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge under Project Unigauge. After the completion of the gauge conversion from Darbhanga to Raxaul via Sitamarhi, another broad gauge route to Raxaul became available from March 2014. The metre gauge track from Raxaul to Narkatiaganj remains to be converted.
Raxaul is connected to major cities of India by National Highway 28A. However the condition of NH 28A is terrible causing regular traffic jams.It is the main route to Nepal. The capital of Nepal, Kathmandu is connected with India through this highway. There is a bus terminal from where buses are available for most of cities in Bihar & Jharkhand.
There is a civilian airport which is not operational. Raxaul can be reached by flying to Birgunj in Nepal. That airport is 27 km from Raxaul and has direct flights to Kathmandu. A proposal to operationalize the airport for civilian use has been drafted.
India and Nepal have an open border with no restrictions on movement of their nationals. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals. There are Tangas (Horse Driven 6 seater Rickshaws) from Raxaul station for Birganj bus park.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.