Aviator sunglasses are a style of sunglasses that were developed by Bausch & Lomb. The original Bausch & Lomb design is now marketed as Ray-Ban Aviators, although other manufacturers also produce aviator style sunglasses. They are characterised by dark, often reflective lenses having an area two or three times the area of the eyeball, and very thin metal frames with double or triple bridge (so-called ″bullet hole″) and bayonet earpieces or flexible cable temples that hook behind the ears. The original design featured G-15 tempered glass lenses, i.e., neutral gray, transmitting 15% of incoming light.
Aviator sunglasses, or "pilot's glasses", were originally developed in 1936 by Ray-Ban for pilots to protect their eyes while flying. Aviators were given their name due to their original intention of protecting aviator's eyes. Ray-Ban began selling the glasses to the public a year after they were developed.
The Aviator became a well-known style of sunglasses when General Douglas MacArthur landed on a beach in the Philippines in World War II and newspaper photographers snapped several pictures of him wearing them. Lastly Bausch & Lomb dedicated a line of sunglasses to him in 1987. The style was also issued to and found popularity with the French Army.
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- U.S. Patent D292,984
- Gary S. Messinger: The battle for the mind – War and peace in the era of mass communication. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst 2011, ISBN 978-1-55849-853-2. p. 131–132
- Christopher Klein: 10 Things You May Not Know About Douglas MacArthur. On May 22, 2014 at history.com
- Arthur Asa Berger: Media and communication research methods – An introduction to qualitative and quantative approaches. Sage, Thousand Oaks 2011, ISBN 978-1-4129-8777-6. p. 66–67
- Fashion Dictionary Ray-Ban