Ray Collins (actor)
in The Racket (1951)
|Born||Raymond Bidwell Collins
December 10, 1889
Sacramento, California, U.S.
|Died||July 11, 1965
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)|
Ray Bidwell Collins (December 10, 1889 – July 11, 1965) was an American actor in film, stage, radio, and television. One of Collins' best remembered roles was that of Lt. Arthur Tragg in the long-running series Perry Mason.
Life and career
Ray Collins was born in Sacramento, California, to Lillie Bidwell and William C. Collins, a newspaper reporter and dramatic editor on the Sacramento Bee. His great-grandparents were John Bidwell and Annie Bidwell, pioneers and founders of society in the Sacramento Valley area of California in the 19th century.
Collins started acting on stage at age 13, at the Liberty Playhouse in Oakland, California. In 1922, he was part of a stock company called Vancouver's Popular Players which enacted plays at the original Orpheum Theatre in Vancouver, B.C.
Collins worked prodigiously in his youth. It is said that between the ages of 17 and 30 he was out of work as an actor for a total of five weeks. In 1924, after he opened in Conscience, he was almost continually featured in Broadway plays and other theatrical productions until the Great Depression began. At that point, Collins turned his attention to radio, where he was involved in 18 broadcasts a week, sometimes working as much as 16 hours a day.
In the mid 1930s, now an established stage and radio actor, Collins began an association with Orson Welles's Mercury Theatre that led to some of his most memorable roles. Having already worked on radio with Welles on The Shadow (a regular as Commissioner Weston) and in Welles's serial adaptation of Les Misérables from 1937, Collins became a regular on The Mercury Theatre on the Air and its sponsored continuation, The Campbell Playhouse. Through the run of the series, he played many roles in literary adaptations, from Squire Livesey in "Treasure Island", to Dr. Watson in "Sherlock Holmes", to Mr. Pickwick in "The Pickwick Papers". Collins' best known (albeit uncredited) work on this series, however, was in the celebrated 1938 broadcast "The War of the Worlds", in which he played three roles, most notably the rooftop newscaster who describes the destruction of New York.
Collins played small parts in films starting in 1930, primarily in a series of shorts based on Booth Tarkington's Penrod stories. Along with other Mercury Theatre players, Collins made his first notable screen appearance in Citizen Kane, as ruthless political boss Jim Gettys. He also played key roles in Welles's The Magnificent Ambersons and Touch of Evil. Collins appeared in more than 90 films in all, including Leave Her to Heaven (1945), The Best Years of Our Lives and Crack-Up (1946), A Double Life (1947), two entries in the Ma and Pa Kettle series (as in-law Jonathan Parker), and the 1953 version of The Desert Song, in which he played the non-singing role of Kathryn Grayson's father. He displayed comic ability in The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947), and The Man from Colorado (1948).
He may be best remembered for his work on television, playing Lieutenant Tragg on Perry Mason in the 1950s and 1960s. He was also a regular as John Merriweather on the television version of The Halls of Ivy starring Ronald Colman. In 1955 he appeared as Judge Harper in The 20th Century-Fox Hour remake of the classic 1947 film, Miracle on 34th Street, starring Thomas Mitchell as Kris Kringle, as well as MacDonald Carey and Teresa Wright.
By 1960, while immersed in the Perry Mason series, Collins found his physical health declining and his memory waning, problems which in the next few years brought an end to his career. Although he received credit through the 1964-1965 season, he made his last appearance in the January 16, 1964 episode, "The Case of the Capering Camera." On the difficulty he was beginning to encounter in remembering his lines, he commented, "Years ago, when I was on the Broadway stage, I could memorize 80 pages in eight hours. I had a photographic memory. When I got out on the stage, I could actually -- in my mind -- see the lines written on top of the page, the middle or the bottom. But then radio came along, and we read most of our lines, and I got out of the habit of memorizing. I lost my natural gift. Today it's hard for me. My wife works as hard as I do, cueing me at home."
On July 11, 1965, Collins died of emphysema at the age of 75.
- The Blue Bandanna (Vanderbilt Theatre, 1924)
- Conscience (Belmont Theatre, 1924)
- Eve's Leaves (Wallack's Theatre, 1925)
- Bridge of Distances (Morosco Theatre, 1925)
- The Donovan Affair (Fulton Theatre, 1926)
- On Call (Waldorf Theatre, 1928)
- A Strong Man's House (Ambassador Theatre, 1929)
- Paging Danger (Booth Theatre, 1931)
- Native Son (St. James's Theatre, 1941)
- Citizen Kane (1941)
- The Magnificent Ambersons (1942)
- The Big Street (1942)
- The Navy Comes Through (1942)
- Commandos Strike at Dawn (1942)
- The Human Comedy (1943)
- Slightly Dangerous (1943)
- Crime Doctor (1943)
- Salute to the Marines (1943)
- Whistling in Brooklyn (1943)
- See Here, Private Hargrove (1944)
- The Hitler Gang (1944)
- The Seventh Cross (1944)
- Barbary Coast Gent (1944)
- Leave Her to Heaven (1945)
- Up Goes Maisie (1946)
- Two Years Before the Mast (1946)
- Night in Paradise (1946)
- Boy's Ranch (1946)
- Crack-Up (1946)
- Three Wise Fools (1946)
- The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)
- The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947)
- A Double Life (1947)
- The Senator Was Indiscreet (1947)
- The Swordsman (1948)
- Homecoming (1948)
- The Man from Colorado (1948)
- Good Sam (1948)
- Command Decision (1948)
- Red Stallion in the Rockies (1949)
- It Happens Every Spring (1949)
- The Fountainhead (1949)
- The Heiress (1949)
- Francis (1950)
- Kill the Umpire (1950)
- The Reformer and the Redhead (1950)
- Summer Stock (1950)
- You're in the Navy Now (1951)
- Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm (1951)
- The Racket (1951)
- Invitation (1952)
- Dreamboat (1952)
- Bad for Each Other (1953)
- Rose Marie (1954)
- Athena (1954)
- The Desperate Hours (1955)
- Texas Lady (1955)
- The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956)
- Touch of Evil (1958)
- rootsweb.com genealogy entry
- "Ray Collins, Star on 'Perry Mason'". The New York Times, July 12, 1964.
- "Native Son". Playbill, April 13, 1941. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
- Vancouver Sun April 16, 1922, pg. 25
- "Actor Ray Collins Was Always Busy," The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jan. 13, 1946, p. 24
- Hollywood column by Rick Du Brow for United Press International, appearing in the State Times Advocate of Baton Rouge LA, July 19, 1960, p. 5
- Ray Collins and Ray B. Collins at the Internet Broadway Database
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ray Collins.|
- Ray Collins at the Internet Movie Database
- Ray Collins at the Internet Broadway Database
- Ray Collins at Find a Grave