Ray Robson

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Ray Robson
Ray Robson.jpg
Full name Ray Robson
Country United States
Born (1994-10-25) October 25, 1994 (age 19)
Guam
Title Grandmaster (2010)
FIDE rating 2628 (September 2014)
Peak rating 2628 (October 2013)

Ray Robson (born October 25, 1994) is an American chess player who holds the title of Grandmaster. In October 2009, about two weeks before turning 15, he became the youngest grandmaster-elect in history who plays for the United States (Italian-American Fabiano Caruana qualified for the title at 14 years and 350 days, but plays for Italy).[1]

Robson's norms were gained at the Arctic Chess Challenge in Norway, at the 23rd North American FIDE Invitational in Chicago, and at the Pan-American Junior Championship in Montevideo, Uruguay.

Early life[edit]

Robson was born in Guam to Gary Robson, a professor at the college of education (applied linguistics) at St. Petersburg College, and Yee-chen, a kindergarten teacher at Country Day School.[2] They later moved to Largo, Florida; they currently live in Clearwater, Florida. An only child, he learned chess from his father at age three. He attended public school for kindergarten, then a public school for the gifted in first grade, then from grades 2-5 he was at a private Montessori school. He started homeschooling in grade 6.

Robson has said he wants to become a professional chess player, and his parents hoped for him to gain a chess scholarship to college.[3] In April 2005, at the "Super Nationals" (the world's largest scholastic chess tournament) in Nashville, Tennessee, he won every match he played and emerged as the national champion in the elementary age (K-6) division. By winning this title, he earned a four-year scholarship covering full tuition and fees, along with a housing stipend, to the University of Texas at Dallas. The scholarship has a cash value of about $48,000 to non-Texas residents. The only stipulation is that the winner must meet the university's entrance requirements at matriculation.[4] In early 2012, Robson decided to attend Webster University instead of UT Dallas.[5]

In August 2012, Robson started his full-time study at Webster University [6] in St. Louis under the SPICE Program,[7] founded by former Women's World Champion Susan Polgar.[8]

Chess career[edit]

Robson has won seven national scholastic titles (including regulation events and blitz events). In addition, he has represented the United States in international scholastic events since 2004. Robson finished in the top ten at each of the World Youth Chess Championships from 2004 to 2007, and he tied for first place in the 2005 and 2006 (U12 Boys, Silver on tiebreak) Pan American Youth Chess Championships.

Robson also plays in many of the major open tournaments in the United States. He finished in the top ten both at the 2006 National Chess Congress in Philadelphia and at the 2006 North American Open in Las Vegas.[9] Robson's performance at the former event qualified him for the 2007 U.S. Chess Championship, making him the youngest player in the history of the event to participate.

In 2004, at the age of nine, Robson defeated his first National Master in tournament play. In 2005, he defeated his first International Master (IM), and in 2006 he defeated his first Grandmaster (GM). He studied with GM Gregory Kaidanov for almost two years (2005–07), via mainly the phone and Internet. He studied with GM Alexander Onischuk.[10]

Robson was awarded the FIDE Master (FM) title in June 2005 after tying for first place at the Pan American Youth Chess Championship in Brazil. He earned the USCF National Master (NM) title in January 2006 by raising his chess rating above 2200 (the minimum required for the title of National Master). Robson earned the three norms needed for the IM title in only six weeks: the first at the 6th North American FIDE Invitational on November 3, 2007, in Chicago, Illinois; the second on November 27 at the World Youth Chess Championship in Antalya, Turkey, and the third and final norm on (December 10) at the University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) GM Invitational in Dallas, Texas, making him the youngest IM-elect in the United States, beating the previous record-holder Hikaru Nakamura by one month.[11]

Robson tied for first place in the 2008 Florida championship.[12] On July 16, 2009, he won the U.S. Junior Chess Championship, becoming one of the youngest champions ever.[13] In August 2009, Robson tied for first at the Arctic Chess Challenge in Tromsø, Norway, garnering his first GM norm in the process.[14] Later that same month, Robson then went on to earn his second GM norm by winning the 23rd North American FIDE Invitational in Skokie, Illinois.[15] He earned his third and final GM norm in October 2009 by winning the Pan-American Junior Championship in Montevideo, Uruguay, making him a GM-elect.[1] He was formally awarded the title in January 2010.[16]

Robson played in his first World Cup in November 2009 in Russia. He took part in the Chess World Cup 2011, but was eliminated in the first round by Étienne Bacrot.[17]

Robson won the 2012 Webster University - SPICE Cup Open in St. Louis, a strong event with 13 GMs and 14 IMs, with an impressive undefeated 7-2 score.[18]

Standing on each FIDE list[edit]

Rating list Rating Games Change Age
January 2005 2021 9 - 10, 3 months
April 2005 2021 0 0 10, 6 months
July 2005 2021 0 0 10, 9 months
October 2005 2113 21 +92 11, 0 months
January 2006 2124 8 +11 11, 3 months
April 2006 2135 6 +9 11, 6 months
July 2006 2181 10 +46 11, 9 months
October 2006 2217 20 +36 12, 0 months
January 2007 2249 16 +32 12, 3 months
April 2007 2293 14 +44 12, 6 months
July 2007 2347 26 +54 12, 9 months
October 2007 2368 26 +21 13, 0 months
January 2008 2389 27 +21 13, 3 months
April 2008 2433 26 +44 13, 6 months
July 2008 2441 19 +8 13, 9 months
October 2008 2466 8 +25 14, 0 months
January 2009 2455 32 −11 14, 3 months
April 2009 2465 25 +10 14, 6 months
July 2009 2491 28 +26 14, 9 months
September 2009 2527 25 +36 14, 11 months
November 2009 2567 27 +40 15, 1 months
January 2010 2570 15 +3 15, 3 months
March 2010 2559 15 −11 15, 5 months
May 2010 2569 9 +10 15, 7 months
July 2010 2562 9 −7 15, 9 months
September 2010 2539 28 −23 15, 11 months
November 2010 2539 0 0 16, 1 months
January 2011 2532 15 −7 16, 3 months
March 2011 2522 10 −10 16, 5 months
May 2011 2545 28 +23 16, 7 months
July 2011 2560 12 +15 16, 9 months
September 2011 2583 22 +23 16, 11 months
November 2011 2594 12 +11 17, 1 months
January 2012 2596 5 +2 17, 2 months
  • bold, new peak rating

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ray Robson Earns Final GM Norm!. United States Chess Federation. Accessed on 2009-10-20.
  2. ^ 2005 National K-12 Tournament ChessCafe.com
  3. ^ Largo boy one of the world's best youth chess players February 19, 2008. The Associated Press.
  4. ^ Chess king wins college scholarship at 10
  5. ^ "Ray Robson". www.uschesschamps.com. 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  6. ^ Dominik Jansky (2012-05-24). "Video: Webster and SPICE Aim to Make St. Louis International Home for Chess : Webster Today". Blogs.webster.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  7. ^ "Index | Webster University". Webster.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  8. ^ "Susan Polgar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  9. ^ 16th North American Open: Open Section
  10. ^ "The United States Chess Federation - Play Like Ray in Moscow". Main.uschess.org. 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  11. ^ McClain, Dylan Loeb (December 16, 2007). "Florida Boy, Just 13, Sprints to International Master Title". New York Times. 
  12. ^ Florida championship 2008
  13. ^ Ray Robson Wins US Junior Championship. susanpolgar.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2009-07-17.
  14. ^ "Resultatlister". Tournamentservice.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ "FIDE Titles Awarded at the Bursa Presidential Board 1/2010". FIDE. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  17. ^ Crowther, Mark (2011-09-21). "The Week in Chess: FIDE World Cup Khanty-Mansiysk 2011". London Chess Center. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  18. ^ "Susan Polgar Chess Daily News and Information". Retrieved November 3, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Achievements
Preceded by
Hikaru Nakamura
Youngest ever United States international master
2007–13
Succeeded by
Samuel Sevian