|Regions with significant populations|
|• Pakistan • India|
|• Islam 100% •|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Arain • Arain of Delhi • Mian|
The Arain/Rain different from Baghban or Kunjra, is an highly educated prosperous Sunni Muslim community and are present mainly in Western part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Mostly educated and big cultivators, they settled in Rohilkhand region of United Province, India around 1783 AD. Many members of Rayeen community have migrated to Pakistan and after independence have settled in Karachi, Sindh.
History and origin
According to the traditions of the tribe, they were originally settled along the banks of the Ghaggar river, in what is now Haryana. There are traditions which proves and makes them to be Arabs, originally settled in the Areeha, came to Sindh under leadership of Mohammad Bin Qasim in 90 Hijri of Islamic calendar.
There are also several other traditions which says that their ancestors were Rajputs, living in Uch, near the city of Multan, in Pakistan, but were overthrown by a powerful enemy. They fled and settled in on the Ghaggar about Sirsa, and held the whole of the Ghaggar valley from Bhatner upwards to near Tohana, being in possession of 116 villages. The region was afflicted by a major famine in 1759, and as a result of this famine and attacks by the Bhattis and Ranghars, they left the region and settled in Bareilly and Pillibhit districts. These Ghaggar Rayeen are connected with larger Arain tribe. According to Sir Denzil Ibbetson the term Arain/Rain are same the latter was more commonly used in Sutlej valley.
They are found in Bareilly, Pilibhit, Udham Singh Nagar, Nainital, Rampur and Bijnor districts of Uttar Pradesh. In Pilibhit District, they are found in the villages of Guna Jawahar, Dayyabojh, Barapura, Pipaliya, Sardarnagar, Gaibojh,Amariya,Madhopur,Patti,Karghaina, Sukatia, Dheram, Udaipur, Harraypur, Dang,Sirsi,Bhainsaha, Turkania, Dhundri and Nurpur. There are also several villages in north of the town of Bisalpur including Khameria, and near Jahanabad. In Udham Singh Nagar District they are settled in the town of Sitarganj, Kichha and Rudrapur especially in the villages of Naugwan, Malpura, Kachhi Khamaria, Baroda, Bandia,Sisai,Lalpur,Sirauoli, etc. They are usually prosperous, religious and an educated community. In Bareilly District, they occupied several villages near the town of Baheri like Mundia jageer, Mundia naseer, Ekgrah, Pipra, Arsiabojh Paiga, Dhakia, Gunah, Dayyabojh, Suketia, Guleria, Pipalia, and Fardi Rayeen. They also have presence in the Nainital Terai and Rampur in Rampur District their villages are Mandanpur and Bhaisodi.
Presently many have migrated to cities such as New Delhi and Lucknow to build their careers and have established their homes. In the year 2010 Rayeen community of Delhi organised a Meeting of 250 Delhi and NCR families at Okhla Batla House Baraat Ghar in South Delhi.
According to the The Imperial Gazetteer of India of 1900, the population of Rayeens in district Pilibhit and Bareilly is about 5000 and they were mainly classified as cultivators. Immigration of Rayeens from the Punjab took place up to late 19th century. Within a short period of fifty years this small community cultivated large areas of land and established their own villages. Within a short span of time many of them established themselves as big landlords of the area. Rayeens were known for their hard work.
They were able to get allotment of big share of agriculture land by working hard and favours shown on them by British administration. At the time of partition, Rayeens were one of the prosperous and educated community of Uttarakhand, Bareilly, Pilibhit according to their percentage.Still Rayees are most educated and there have been many scholars of repute,poets and other personalities in Rayeen Community. They speak classical Urdu.
- A People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII page 867 by K S Singh Manohar Publications
- Disctrict Gazette of Pilibhit, HR, Nevill,1903
- Tareekh Arain, Chaudhry Asghar Ali
- Gazetteer of the Hisar District, 1883-84. Published in 2001, Sang-e- Meel Publications (Lahore) page 77
- A Glossary of the tribes & castes of Punjab by H. A Rose
- A glossary of tribe and caste of Punjab, HA Rose
- A People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII
Ishaque M and Naseem M, Al-Rayeen, Sardarnagar Publications,Pilibhit