Rayford Whittingham Logan (January 7, 1897 – November 4, 1982) was an African-American historian and Pan-African activist. He was best known for his study of post-Reconstruction America, a period he termed "the nadir of American race relations". In the late 1940s he was the chief advisor to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) on international affairs.
Rayford Logan was born and raised in Washington, DC. He won a scholarship to Williams College, graduating in 1917. During the First World War he joined the U.S. Army, and at the end of the war remained in France. Once the war ended, Logan remained in France, absorbing both the culture and the language. He helped to co-ordinate the 2nd Pan-African Congress in Paris in 1921. He returned to the US in the early 1920s and began teaching at Virginia Union University in Richmond.
During America's occupation of Haiti he took a fact finding mission to Haiti to investigate educational efforts and published his findings in The Journal of Negro History in October 1930. The main findings indicated there was little improvement in education due to the choice of southern white Marines as country administrators - men who had been raised with Jim Crow Laws in the American south and had brought their prejudice with them to their new assignment in Haiti. The main improvement effort revolved around creating agricultural schools which were highly expensive and staffed by non-French speakers so classes had to be translated. And the funding given these schools dwarfed the amount given to the majority of academic schools.
In 1950–51, Logan became Director of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH).
- The Betrayal of the Negro (1954 and 1965)
- Dictionary of American Negro Biography
- The Negro in the United States
- The Negro in American Life and Thought: The Nadir, 1877–1901
- "Logan, Rayford W. (1897-1982)", BlackPast.org
- "Logan, Rayford W. (1897-1982)". http://www.blackpast.org/aah/logan-rayford-1897-1982. Dr. Quintard Taylor. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- Logan, Rayford W. (Oct 1930). "Education in Haiti". The Journal of Negro History (Association for the Study of African American Life and History, Inc.) 15 (4): 401-460.
- "Rayford Logan Residence". Cultural Tourism DC. Retrieved April 17, 2009.[dead link]
- NAACP Spingarn Medal
- Janken, Kenneth Robert (April 1997). Rayford W. Logan and the Dilemma of the African-American Intellectual. University of Massachusetts Press. p. 336. ISBN 1-55849-069-8.
- Mason, Herman (1999). "Rayford Whittingham Logan". The Talented Tenth: The Founders and Presidents of Alpha (2nd ed.). Winter Park, FL: Four-G. ISBN 1-885066-63-5.
- University of Washington
- "Rayford W. Logan and the Dilemma of the African American Intellectual". University of Massachusetts Press
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