Raymond, Mississippi

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Raymond
City
Raymond, Mississippi
Little Big Store in Raymond
Little Big Store in Raymond
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Hinds
Area
 • Total 3.0 sq mi (7.7 km2)
 • Land 3.0 sq mi (7.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 322 ft (98 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,933
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 1,911
 • Density 562.1/sq mi (217.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 39154
Area code(s) 601/769
FIPS code 28-61160
GNIS feature ID 0676505
Website City of Raymond

Raymond is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,933. Raymond is one of two county seats of Hinds County (along with Jackson) and is the home of the main campus of Hinds Community College.

Raymond is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1829, three commissioners, including John B. Peyton, were appointed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson to find a place near the center of Hinds County for the county seat. The current location of Raymond is a ridge about a mile from the center of the county, and was selected because the center was low and subject to flooding. The town of Raymond received its charter from the Mississippi legislature on December 15, 1830. Because of its status as a seat of justice and its proximity to the Natchez Trace, Raymond developed quickly into a prosperous small town whose prosperity and small size have continued to this day.

In the late 1840s, Cooper's Well, a property near Raymond with a well that provided sulphured water, was developed into a resort for those seeking the perceived health benefits from its ingestion.

Construction of a new county courthouse was begun at the center of the town square in 1857 and completed in 1859; the work was largely done by enslaved African Americans. The courthouse is still in use as a secondary location of county legal matters (the city of Jackson having become the primary county seat). The Raymond courthouse is considered by many[who?] to be a prime example of southern Greek Revival architecture.

The Battle of Raymond was fought by Confederate and Union soldiers near Raymond on May 12, 1863 as part of General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign during the Civil War. Four days later, the pivotal Battle of Champion Hill was won by Grant's troops and sealed the fate of Vicksburg. Grant stayed at Waverly, the plantation of John B. Peyton, and Union soldiers used St. Mark's Episcopal Church as a hospital. Blood stains can still be seen on the church's floor from that period.

Construction of a water tower was begun in 1903 in the center of the town square. It and the courthouse are landmarks for the town. A small agricultural high school was opened in 1917; it developed as Hinds Community College, which has several sites and the largest student body of any college in the state.

Geography[edit]

Raymond is located at 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556 (32.258219, -90.415520).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 483
1910 579 19.9%
1920 500 −13.6%
1930 547 9.4%
1940 641 17.2%
1950 1,259 96.4%
1960 1,381 9.7%
1970 1,620 17.3%
1980 1,967 21.4%
1990 2,275 15.7%
2000 1,664 −26.9%
2010 1,933 16.2%
Est. 2013 1,911 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,664 people, 469 households, and 317 families residing in the city. The population density was 562.1 people per square mile (217.1/km²). There were 498 housing units at an average density of 168.2 per square mile (65.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.93% White, 41.17% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.42% Asian, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 469 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 40.3% from 18 to 24, 17.2% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 119.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,667, and the median income for a family was $42,639. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $21,953 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,615. About 17.8% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Raymond Post Office.[6]

The Mississippi Department of Human Services operates the Oakley Training School in unincorporated Hinds County, near Raymond.[7]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Post Office™ Location - RAYMOND." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on February 1, 2011.
  7. ^ "Division of Youth Services." Mississippi Department of Human Services. Retrieved on July 1, 2010. "2375 Oakley Road | Raymond, MS 39154."

External links[edit]