Raymond Alvin Jackson
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Raymond Alvin Jackson (born 1949) is a United States federal judge.
Born in Sussex, Virginia, Jackson received a B.A. from Norfolk State University in 1970 and a J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1973. He was in the United States Army Captain, JAG Corps from 1973 to 1977. U.S. Army Reserve Colonel, 1977–present. He was an assistant U.S. Attorney of the Eastern District of Virginia from 1977 to 1993. He was an Adjunct lecturer, College of William and Mary, Marshall-Wythe School of Law, 1981-1991 in 1993.
Jackson is a federal judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. Jackson was nominated by President Bill Clinton on September 24, 1993, to a seat vacated by Richard Leroy Williams. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 20, 1993, and received his commission on November 22, 1993.
In January of 2012, Judge Jackson issued a summary judgement in a case regarding the protection status of 'liking' of Facebook, saying ‘liking’ did not rise to the level of protected speech saying that Daniel Ray Carter Jr needed to have made actual statements to make such a claim. The ruling grew out of a lawsuit brought by Hampton sheriff’s deputies, one of whom claimed Carter was fired for liking the campaign page of his boss’s opponent, who said the dismissal violated his First Amendment rights in the 2011 suit. On September 18th, 2013, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond rejected Jackson's opinion that clicking the ubiquitous “thumbs up” icon was not “actual speech,” an opinion that would have had wide-ranging implications for millions of Facebook users and other new forms of expression on the web if it had stood. Facebook and the ACLU filed friend of the court briefs in the case, saying Jackson’s ruling would erode free speech rights.1, 2
- 1 Jouvenal, Justin. "Facebook ‘liking’ is protected free speech, federal court says" The Washington Post. 18 Sept 2013. Web. 19 Sept 2013
- 2 Jouvenal, Justin. "A Facebook court battle: Is ‘liking’ something protected free speech?" The Washington Post. 8 Aug 2012. Web. 19 Sept 2013
- Raymond Alvin Jackson at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.