Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Raymond Berengar III of Barcelona)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ramon Berenguer III
Berenguer el Gran P1210429.jpg
Statue of Ramon Berenguer III by Josep Llimona
Count of Barcelona
Reign 1086–1131
Predecessor Berenguer Ramon II
Successor Ramon Berenguer IV
Spouse(s) María Rodríguez de Vivar
Almodis
Douce of Provence
Father Ramon Berenguer II
Mother Matilda of Apulia
Born 11 November 1082
Rodez
Died 23 January/19 July 1131
Barcelona
Buried Santa Maria de Ripoll
Signature Signum-ramon-berenguer-III-barcelona.jpg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1086 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 11 November 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa, and in 1114 and 1115 attacked with Pisa the then-Muslim islands of Majorca and Ibiza.[1] They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa. In 1116, Ramon traveled to Rome to petition Pope Paschal II for a crusade to liberate Tarragona.[2] By 1118 he had captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne).[citation needed]

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar.[3] He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

He died in 23 January/19 July 1131 and was buried in the Santa Maria de Ripoll monastery.

Marriages and descendants[edit]

  • First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of El Cid (died ca. 1105)
    • María, married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (died 1111)
    • Jimena, also known as Eixemena, married Roger III, Count of Foix
  • Second wife, Almodis

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bernard F. Reilly, The Contest Christian and Muslim Spain:1031-1157, (Blackwell Publishing, 1995), 176.
  2. ^ Bernard F. Reilly, The Contest Christian and Muslim Spain:1031-1157, 177.
  3. ^ Helen Nicholson, A Brief History of the Knights Templar, (Constable & Robinson Ltd., 2010), 102.
Preceded by
Berenguer Ramon II
Count of Osona
1086–1107
with Berenguer Ramon II (1082–1097)
Succeeded by
Jimena
Count of Barcelona
1086–1131
with Berenguer Ramon II (1082–1097)
Succeeded by
Ramon Berenguer IV
Preceded by
Bernard William
Count of Cerdanya
1118–1131
Preceded by
Douce I
Count of Provence
1112–1131
with Douce I (1112–1127)
Succeeded by
Berenguer Ramon I