Raymond III of Pallars Jussà

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Raymond III (Catalan Ramon) was the first Count of Pallars Jussà (Lower Pallars) from 1011 until his death in 1047.[1] He succeeded his father, Count Sunyer of Pallars, who divided his county between his two sons. Raymond, the elder, received Pallars Jussà and William II, the younger, received Pallars Sobirà.

In 1040 Raymond signed a convention (convenientia) with Count Ermengol III of Urgell. He agreed to recognise Ermengol as his lord and in return receive an annual subsidy from the count. This was the first charter following the convenientia formula in Pallars Jussà. The scribe was a priest named Vidal who had a long career with Raymond's son, Raymond IV, and the latter's father-in-law, Lord Arnau Mir de Tost.[1] In the same convention, Ermengol quitclaimed the castle of Llimiana (Liminina) to Raymond to put an end to "all the quarrels he had with him" (omnes querelas quas habebat de eum).[2]

When Raymond IV, who succeeded his father, compelled his subjects to swear a collective public oath, he made reference to Raymond III and William II of Pallars Sobirà. On this basis, Pierre Bonnassie argued that the public oath probably originated at least under Raymond III and his brother and that Raymond IV was borrowing their formula. This would be an important piece of evidence that countship in Pallars still reflected the Carolingian model of public office rather than a model of private landowning.[3]

Raymond was married to Mayor, daughter of Count García Fernández of Castile.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosto 2001, p. 166.
  2. ^ Kosto 2001, p. 72.
  3. ^ Kosto 2001, p. 54.

Sources[edit]

  • Kosto, Adam J. (2001). Making Agreements in Medieval Catalonia: Power, Order, and the Written Word, 1000–1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521792398.