Raymond E. Jacobs (January 24, 1926 – January 29, 2008) was a United States Marine during World War II and later a news reporter. Jacobs was member of the Marine patrol that climbed Mount Suribachi during the battle of Iwo Jima and raised the first American flag on February 23, 1945.
World War II
- U.S. Marine Corps
He enlisited in the Marine Corps in 1943 and trained during World War II as a Marine Raider. He was sent overseas as a Marine radio operator with Company F, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines, 5th Marine Division in the Pacific Theatre.
- Battle of Iwo Jima
Jacob participated in the Battle of Iwo Jima and the first American flag raising event on Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945. He was a radioman for 1st Lieutenant Harold Schrier, the platoon commander that took a 40-man patrol up to the top of Mt. Suribachi, and who, assisted by his platoon sergeant, Ernest Thomas, raised the first American flag on Iwo Jima.On February 25, Thomas was aboard the flagship USS Eldorado, and during a press interview said that Schrier, himself, and Sgt. Henry Hansen had actually raised the flag. On March 10, 1945, Jacobs was wounded by enemy mortar fire and was evacuated off Iwo Jima.
Post World War II
- Korean War
- WWII photo claim
Jacobs spent his later years working hard to prove that he was the unknown Marine radio operator photographed by SSgt. Louis R. Lowery, (a combat photographer with Leatherneck magazine), standing beneath the first American flag raised on Mount Suribachi. He even disputed the official identifications in the picture and asserted that it should be: Pfc. James Robeson (in Lowery's second photo, in lower left corner), 1st Lt. Harold Schrier (sitting behind Jacob's legs), Pfc. Raymond Jacobs (carrying radio), Sgt. Henry Hansen (cloth cap, holding flagpole), unknown Marine (lower right hand securing flagpole), Platoon Sgt. Ernest Thomas (seated), PhM2c John Bradley, USN (helmeted, above Thomas securing flagpole with both hands), Pfc. James Michels (holding carbine rifle), and Cpl. Charles Lindberg (standing above Michels).
Although Jacobs's face is not visible in Lowery's most widely circulated photograph of the first flag flown on Mt. Suribachi, his claim that it is definitely him was based on several other photographs of him taken by Lowery near the first flag with Lt. Schrier, which he asserted proves its him. The radioman in the most famous of Lowery's photographs was assumed for years to be an unknown Marine or Pfc. Gene Marshall, the radio operator with Company E, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines. Marshall died in 1987.
Jacobs (Company F, 2/28) claimed he was assigned to Company E, 2/28 and was sent up Mt. Suribachi alongside Lt. Schrier and his 40-man patrol after a 4-man reconnaissance patrol from Company F went up and down Mt. Suribachi first. The other men involved in the patrol and first raising have all died. Annette Amerman, a historian with the Marine Corps History Division, said "there are many that believe" Jacobs was the radioman. "However, there are no official Marine Corps records produced at the time that can prove or refute Mr. Jacobs' location." While there hasn't been a Marine photo of Marshall to compare to Lowery's photos, Jacobs's testimonies saying he was personally interviewed at Mt. Suribachi after the first flag-raising is supported by several Los Angeles newspaper accounts (Associated Press Dispatch) beginning February 24, 1945, and by his letters home.
Decorations and awards
Jacob's military awards include:
- Purple Heart Medal
- Combat Action Ribbon
- Presidential Unit Citation
- Good Conduct Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with 3⁄16 bronze star
- World War II Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal
- , Richmond News, Camden-Fleming man an unsung hero at Iwo Jima. January 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2014
- Last Iwo Jima flag veteran dies, BBC, February 5, 2008.
- Last Marine in Iwo Jima Photo Dies at 82, AP, February 5, 2008.[dead link]
-  Richmond News, Camden-Fleming man an unsung hero at Iwo Jima, January 2, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Raymond Jacobs - ex-KTVU news director, Iwo Jima vet, The San Francisco Chronicle, February 6, 2008.
- America's Greatest Generation: Marine Heroes: Raymond Jacobs.
-  Find A Grave, Raymond Jacobs. Retrieved March 13, 2014
- Last Marine in Iwo Jima Photo Dies at 82, Associated Press, February 4, 2008.
- Raymond Jacobs in 2005 identified himself in a photo as the Marine radioman (picture), Associated Press archives.