Raymond O. Barton

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Raymond Oscar Barton
Raymond O. Barton.jpg
Major General Raymond O. Barton
Nickname(s) Tubby
Born (1889-08-22)August 22, 1889
Granada, Colorado
Died February 27, 1963(1963-02-27) (aged 73)
Augusta, Georgia
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1912-1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment
8th Infantry Regiment
4th Infantry Division (United States) 4th Infantry Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star

Major General Raymond Oscar "Tubby" Barton (August 22, 1889 - February 27, 1963) was a graduate of the United States Military Academy as well as a career U.S. Army officer and combat commander in World War I and World War II. As commander of the 4th Infantry Division during World War II, Barton is one of only eleven generals who commanded their divisions for the duration of their combat service[1]

Background and early career[edit]

He graduated from the United States Military Academy class of 1912. As commander of the 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment he served in Germany from 1917 to 1923, being the last formation to leave.

World War II[edit]

Major General Raymond O. Barton and Colonel Buck Lanham, Germany, September 14, 1944

He commanded the 4th Infantry Division from 3 July 1942 to 26 December 1944 and led them into battle from D-Day at Utah Beach,[2] to the Liberation of Paris, and into the Battle of the Hurtgen Forest before leaving the command due to health problems on December 27, 1944.

During the war he became friends with Ernest Hemingway who sought his favor as the war correspondent assigned to the division and the two corresponded after.

Hemingway wrote to Barton:

You had one of the greatest divisions in American military history.

During the Battle of Hurtgen Forest on the Weisser Weh stream near Grosshau, Germany General Barton gave up his belt for tourniquet material to medic Russell J. York of his division at York's request. Lives were saved, and a Silver Star was personally awarded to Technician (Medical) 4th Grade York by General Barton for his actions.

Death[edit]

Barton died in 1963 and was buried at Westover Memorial Park in Augusta, Georgia.[3]

Popular culture[edit]

In the film The Longest Day he is played by Edmond O'Brien. He appears in a scene where he allows his assistant division commander, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (played by Henry Fonda), to lead the division ashore at D-Day.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Order of Battle, p. 374.
  2. ^ Harrison, Gordon A., (1951). - CHAPTER VIII: "The Sixth of June: Hitting the Beaches". - Cross Channel Attack. - Washington D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army. CMH Pub 7-4. - p.302. - OCLC 1350280.
    —REPRINT: (1984). - ISBN 978-0-318-22740-5
  3. ^ "Raymond O. Barton". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 30, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]