Raymond O. Barton
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|Raymond Oscar Barton|
Major General Raymond O. Barton
August 22, 1889|
|Died||February 27, 1963
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1912-1946|
|Commands held||1st Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment
8th Infantry Regiment
4th Infantry Division
|Awards||Army Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Raymond Oscar "Tubby" Barton (August 22, 1889 - February 27, 1963) was a career officer in the United States Army and combat commander in World War I and World War II, rising to the rank of Major General. As commander of the 4th Infantry Division during World War II, Barton is one of only eleven generals who commanded their divisions for the duration of their combat service.
Background and early career
World War II
He commanded the 4th Infantry Division from 3 July 1942 to 26 December 1944 and led them into battle from D-Day at Utah Beach, to the Liberation of Paris, and into the Battle of the Hurtgen Forest before leaving the command due to health problems on December 27, 1944.
During the war he became friends with Ernest Hemingway who sought his favor as the war correspondent assigned to the division and the two corresponded after.
Hemingway wrote to Barton:
|“||You had one of the greatest divisions in American military history.||”|
During the Battle of Hurtgen Forest on the Weisser Weh stream near Grosshau, Germany General Barton gave up his belt for tourniquet material to medic Russell J. York of his division at York's request. Lives were saved, and a Silver Star was personally awarded to Technician (Medical) 4th Grade York by General Barton for his actions.
In the film The Longest Day he is played by Edmond O'Brien. He appears in a scene where he allows his assistant division commander, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (played by Henry Fonda), to lead the division ashore at D-Day.
- Order of Battle, p. 374.
- Harrison, Gordon A., (1951). - CHAPTER VIII: "The Sixth of June: Hitting the Beaches". - Cross Channel Attack. - Washington D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army. CMH Pub 7-4. - p.302. - OCLC 1350280.
—REPRINT: (1984). - ISBN 978-0-318-22740-5
- "Raymond O. Barton". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 30, 2010.