Raymond Stone

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Raymond Stone
8th Naval Governor of Guam
In office
January 28, 1904 – May 16, 1904
Preceded by Frank Herman Schofield
Succeeded by George Leland Dyer
Personal details
Nationality  United States
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Navy Seal United States Navy
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Commander

Raymond Stone was a United States Navy officer and Governor of Guam from January 28, 1904 to May 16, 1904. He served in multiple posts in the Navy, including aboard the USS Kearsarge. He was stationed in Guam in the early 1900s, where he became aide to the governor. When William Elbridge Sewell was transported back to California with an intestinal disease, Stone became acting governor. He issued a series of orders limiting drug sale on the island and forcing vendors to lower prices on food and other essential items. After George Leland Dyer became governor, Stone became a judge on the Supreme Court of Guam before returning to the mainland. He would later serve as a liaison to the United States Army, where he oversaw the transfer of Naval prisoners of war from World War I to Army control.

Life and naval career[edit]

Stone was married, and had one son and daughter, Raymond and Esther. His mother and brother both lived in Point Clear, Alabama.[1] Starting June 20, 1900, Stone served aboard the USS Kearsarge.[2] He was stationed in Guam, where he acted as acting Governor; after George Leland Dyer was given the position, Stone remained to serve as judge of the Supreme Court of Guam.[3] As a Commander, Stone was designated a naval representative to mediate the transfer of World War I prisoners of war captured by the Navy to the authority of the United States Army, taking over the position from Lieutenant Commander Adolphus Staton.[4]

Governorship[edit]

Stone served as acting Governor of Guam from January 28, 1904 to May 16, 1904,[5] following William Elbridge Sewell's return to California for intestinal disease treatment. He was fairly young during his term, and held the rank of Lieutenant.[6] He regarded the native Chamorro population as lacking "ambition or the desire for change or progress."[7] His administration sought to evolve the native economy past a personal agrarian society, and specifically wanted to utilize them for labor in military work projects.[7] Noting the exorbitant prices that merchants were charging Guamanians for food and other necessities, Stone issued an order limiting the maximum price of most foodstuffs.[6] He also issued orders in an attempt to regulate the Guam drug trade.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A". Mobile Register (Mobile, Alabama). Advance Publications. 8 September 2005. p. A2. 
  2. ^ Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and Reserve Officers on Active Duty. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. 1902. p. 16. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  3. ^ The Iowa Official Register 20. Des Moines, Iowa: Iowa Secretary of State. 1905. p. 525. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Lewis, George G.; John Mewha (June 1955). History of Prisoner of War Utilization by the United States Army 1776-1945. United States Department of the Army. p. 49. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "Naval Era Governors of Guam". Guampedia. Guam: University of Guam. 10 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Curbs Trust in Guam: Naval Lieutenant Puts Stop to Exorbitant Prices of Foodstuffs". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 19 June 1904. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Viernes, James Perez (April 2010). "Chamorro Men in the Making: Capitalism and Indigenous Masculinities under US Naval Colonialism in Guam". Australian Association for the Advancement of Pacific Studies E-Journal (Canberra, Australia: Australian National University) (2.1). Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Cox, Leonard Martin (2010). The Island of Guam. Read Books. p. 44. ISBN 1-4455-6452-1. Retrieved 1 November 2010.