Raymond T. Baker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Raymond T. Baker
Raymond T. Baker and Anthony de Francisci inspecting model of new silver dollar.

Raymond Thomas Baker (1877–1935) was a rich United States businessman who was Director of the United States Mint from 1917 to 1922.

Biography[edit]

Raymond T. Baker was born in Eureka, Nevada in 1877, the son of George Washington Baker, the lead counsel of the Southern Pacific Railroad, and Mary Agnes (Hall) Baker.[1] He was educated at the University of Nevada, Reno, then at Stanford University.[2]

After college, Baker became involved in gold mining, being one of the first investors active in Rawhide, Nevada.[2] He became a rich man when he sold his claims.[2] He then moved east and had a brief romantic relationship with Elinor Glyn.[2] Baker had a longtime interest in prison reform and in 1911, with his brother, Cleve Baker, serving as Nevada Attorney General, Raymond T. Baker became warden of the Nevada State Prison, a position he held from February 1, 1911 to May 10, 1912.[3] In 1915, Baker traveled to Russia to become confidential secretary to United States Ambassador to Russia George T. Marye, Jr.[3]

In 1917, President of the United States Woodrow Wilson named Baker Director of the United States Mint and Baker subsequently held this office from March 1917 until March 1922.[4]

On June 12, 1918, he married Margaret (Emerson) Vanderbilt, widow of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt I, who had died when the RMS Lusitania was sunk.[2]

During the 1926 Senate elections, Baker sought election as United States Senator from Nevada on the Democratic ticket, but was defeated by the Republican incumbent, Tasker Oddie.[5]

After a decade of marriage, Baker and his wife divorced.[6] On December 4, 1928, he married a second time, to Delphine (Dodge) Cromwell, daughter of Horace Elgin Dodge and ex-wife of James H. R. Cromwell.[1]

Baker died on April 28, 1935, approximately three months after suffering a heart attack.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Political Graveyard
  2. ^ a b c d e "Political Notes: High Adventure", Time, Apr. 5, 1926
  3. ^ a b "Mrs. A.G. Vanderbilt to Wed R.T. Baker", New York Times, May 31, 1918
  4. ^ List of Directors of the United States Mint
  5. ^ "Famous Nevadans"
  6. ^ vintagememorabilia.com
  7. ^ Political Graveyard, vintagememorabilia.com
Government offices
Preceded by
Friedrich Johannes Hugo von Engelken
Director of the United States Mint
March 1917 – March 1922
Succeeded by
Frank Edgar Scobey