Raymond W. Baker

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Raymond W. Baker
RWBPhotoJPEG.jpg
Born (1935-10-30) October 30, 1935 (age 79)
Shreveport, LA
Nationality  United States
Fields International Business
Institutions Global Financial Integrity
Alma mater Harvard Business School (M.B.A.)[1]
Georgia Institute of Technology

Raymond W. Baker is an American businessman, scholar, author, and "authority on financial crime."[2] He is the founder and president of Global Financial Integrity, a research and advocacy organization in Washington, DC working to curtail illicit financial flows.[3]

Education[edit]

He is a 1960 graduate of Harvard Business School,[1] and a 1957 graduate of Georgia Institute of Technology,[4] where he was a member of the ANAK Society.[5]

Career[edit]

In 1996, Raymond Baker received a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for a project entitled, “Flight Capital, Poverty and Free-Market Economics.” The project took him to 23 countries where he interviewed over 335 bankers, politicians, government officials, economists, attorneys, tax collectors, security officers, and social scientists on the relationships between commercial tax evasion, bribery, money laundering, and economic growth.[6]

Mr. Baker is the author of "Capitalism’s Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-Market System."[7] He is an internationally respected authority on corruption, money laundering, growth, and foreign policy issues, particularly as they concern developing and transitional economies and their impact upon western economic and foreign interests.[8] [9]

In 2006, Mr. Baker founded Global Financial Integrity, the Washington, DC-based research and advocacy organization of which he remains president, with the goal of quantifying and analyzing illicit financial flows while formulating and promoting policy solutions to curb them. Under Mr. Baker's leadership, GFI has published several economic reports estimating that nearly US$1 trillion per year flows illicitly out of developing countries.[3] Driving Mr. Baker's passion about the issue is his underlying belief that these illegal outflows of capital are the greatest economic problem facing the world's poor. Mr. Baker has been quoted as saying, "This $1 trillion or more a year of illicit money that flows across borders and the structure that facilitates its movement is not only the biggest loophole in the global economic system. It is also the most damaging economic condition hurting the poor in developing and transitional economies."[10]

In January 2009, Mr. Baker brought together a coalition of research and advocacy organizations and over 50 governments to form the Task Force on Financial Integrity and Economic Development - an organization which advocates for transparency in the global financial system.[11] He served as the first director of the Task Force from its inception in 2009 through the beginning of 2013.

Mr. Baker's "work explaining how $1 trillion in dirty money leaves poor countries each year has helped get financial transparency onto the agenda of world leaders." A focus of his recent work has been on linking illicit financial flows to human rights abuses and economic inequality.[12]

Mr. Baker is additionally a member of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, established by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in February 2012.[13] The panel is chaired by former South African President Thabo Mbeki.[14]

Mr. Baker serves as a member of the World Economic Forum's Council on Illicit Trade,[15] and he has testified multiple times before congressional committees in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate on money laundering, corruption, and illegal capital flight.[16] [17] [18] [19]

A former guest scholar at the Brookings Institution and former senior fellow at the Center for International Policy,[8] Mr. Baker is also the author of “The Biggest Loophole in the Free-Market System,” “Illegal Flight Capital; Dangers for Global Stability,” “How Dirty Money Binds the Poor,” and other works.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garry Emmons, "$how Me the Money" (Boston, MA: Alumni Bulletin, Harvard Business School, June 2010)
  2. ^ The Economist, "Storm survivors" (London: February 16, 2013) Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  3. ^ a b About GFI, Global Financial Integrity Website
  4. ^ John Dunn, "Out of Africa" (Atlanta, GA: Alumni Magazine, Georgia Institute of Technology, Winter 1994: 51-55) Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  5. ^ "ANAK Graduates, 1950-1959". ANAK Society. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  6. ^ About Raymond W. Baker, Global Financial Integrity Website
  7. ^ Raymond W. Baker, "Capitalism's Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-Market System" (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2005).
  8. ^ a b Garry Emmons, "Q&A: Raymond Baker Explores the Free Market's Demimonde" (Boston, MA: Alumni Bulletin, Harvard Business School, February 2001) Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  9. ^ Raymond Baker, World Economic Forum, Accessed October 11, 2013
  10. ^ Raymond Baker, "The Ugliest Chapter in Global Economic Affairs Since Slavery" (Washington, DC: Speech, Global Financial Integrity, Nov 1, 2007) Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  11. ^ "Baffling" banking laws must change, Swissinfo.ch, March 19, 2009
  12. ^ Stella Dawson, “One Man's Campaign to Make Financial Transparency a Human Rights Issue” (Washington, DC: Thomson Reuters Foundation, January 24, 2013) Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  13. ^ Inauguration of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, Africa Governance Institute, February 18, 2012
  14. ^ "Illicit Financial Flows from Africa: The High Level Panel Concludes Consultations in Nigeria, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, May 29, 2013
  15. ^ Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade 2012-2013, World Economic Forum, Accessed October 11, 2013
  16. ^ Criminal Money Laundering and Illegal Flight Capital, Testimony of Raymond W. Baker before the House Committee on Financial Services, March 9, 2000
  17. ^ Capital Loss, Corruption and the Role of Western Financial Institutions, U.S. House Committee on Financial Services, May 19 2009
  18. ^ Private Banking and Money Laundering: A Case Study of Opportunities and Vulnerabilities, U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee On Investigations, November 10, 1999
  19. ^ Money Laundering: Current Status of Our Efforts To Coordinate and Combat Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing, Testimony of Raymond W. Baker before the U.S. Senate Caucus of International Narcotics Control, March 4, 2004

External links[edit]