|Town of Rayville|
Bodock tree, the oldest in Rayville, is located between the Civic Center and the Rhymes Memorial Library.
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|Area||2.3 sq mi (6 km2)|
|- land||2.2 sq mi (6 km2)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 4.35%|
|Density||1,880.1 / sq mi (725.9 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Rayville is a town in, the parish seat of, and the largest community in Richland Parish in northeastern Louisiana, United States. The population, which is two thirds African American, was 4,234 at the 2000 census. It is also home of Palmetto Addiction Recovery Center
Rayville is located at .(32.473580, -91.757387)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.3 square miles (5.9 km²), of which, 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.32%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,234 people, 1,504 households, and 1,004 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,880.1 people per square mile (726.6/km²). There were 1,629 housing units at an average density of 723.4 per square mile (279.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 31.44% White, 67.26% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 1,504 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.5% were married couples living together, 34.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the town the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 76.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 66.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $14,309, and the median income for a family was $16,480. Males had a median income of $21,000 versus $16,107 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,589. About 44.2% of families and 48.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 65.9% of those under age 18 and 28.6% of those age 65 or over.
Public schools in Richland Parish are operated by the Richland Parish School Board. Three campuses serve the town of Rayville - Rayville Elementary School (Grades PK-5), Rayville Junior High School (Grades 6-8), and Rayville High School (Grades 9-12). Rayville is also served by Riverfield Academy (Grades PK-12) a non-denominational private school.
 Notable people
- William R. "Billy" Boles, Sr., who, at the age of twenty-four, represented Richland Parish in the Louisiana State Senate from 1952-1956.
- Reggie Burnette, Green Bay Packers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers player
- Charles "Bubba" Chaney, state representative from Rayville
- Frank Estes Cole, Rayville High School football coach during the 1930s who served in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature from Sabine Parish between 1944 and 1960
- Ernie Ladd, professional wrestler and football player who played for the San Diego Chargers, Kansas City Chiefs, and the Houston Oilers. Inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of Fame in 1981 and the WWE Hall of Fame in 1995.
- Elvin Hayes, NBA Hall of Fame player
- Edgar Jones, Baltimore Ravens player
- Charles E. McConnell, mayor of Springhill, Louisiana, from 1954 to 1958, twice unsuccessful candidate for the Louisiana House of Representatives, graduate of Rayville High School
- James Ball, Sr., officer in Army Air Corps, graduate of LSU Medical School, practiced medicine in Rayville for 50 years
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Cole, Frank Estes". A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- Rayville Progress Community Progress Site for Rayville, LA