Al Rayyan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Rayyan)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Qatar. For the name, see Rayan. For the Lebanese football club, see Al Rayyan Beirut.
Al-Rayyan
الريان
Municipality
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Coordinates (Al-Rayyan): 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37Coordinates: 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37
Country  Qatar
Capital Al-Rayyan
Area
 • Total 893 km2 (345 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 444,557
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code QA-RA
Website Al Rayyan

Al-Rayyan (Arabic: الريان‎) is the largest municipality in the state of Qatar. Al Rayyan means 'the source of irrigation' and as per Islam it also means 'a door in heaven' or 'one of the Gates of Paradise' .

Al-Rayyan is bordered by the following municipalities:

History[edit]

Al Rayyan Municipality was created as an independent municipal administration, under the Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning by virtue of law No.19/1972 issued in 1979, stating, in its first article, the creation of municipalities in Qatar under the Ministry of Municipal Affairs. In its second article, the law stated that each of these municipalities shall have a council headed by one person and comprising at least four members nominated by decree.

Among the most important regions and districts of Al Rayyan Municipality: Al-Wajba, al-Shakab, al-Rayyan, Maeedher, al-Ghorafa, Ein Khaled, Marrikh, al-Shahaniya, al-Khurayb, al-Nasraniya, al-Outouriya, al-Jamilya, aldoha

Since 2004, Al Jumaliyah municipality was merged with Al Rayyan municipality; Jarayan al Batnah was split between municipality Al Rayyan and municipality Al Wakrah.

Demographics[edit]

The following table shows the population of Ar Rayyan.[2][3]

Al Rayyan population
March 2004 March 1997 March 1986
272,860 169,774 91,996

The following table shows the registered live births by nationality and sex for this municipality.[4][5] Place of births is based on home municipality of mother at birth.

Registered live births by nationality and sex
Year Qatari Male Qatari Female Total Qatari Non Qatari Male Non Qatari Female Total Non Qatar Total Male Total Female Grand Total
2001 1409 1377 2786 926 931 1857 2335 2308 4643
2002 1472 1357 2829 942 932 1874 2414 2289 4703
2003 1468 1421 2889 945 876 1821 2413 2297 4710
2004 1681 1567 3248 1063 1006 2069 2744 2573 5317
2005 1662 1616 3278 1233 1135 2368 2895 2751 5646
2006 1738 1654 3392 1290 1216 2506 3028 2870 5898
2007 1865 1838 3703 1457 1357 2814 3322 3195 6517
2008 1975 1990 3965 1735 1635 3370 3710 3625 7335
2009 1774 1629 3403 1948 1777 3725 3722 3406 7128

Landmarks and historic sites[edit]

  1. There are several types of ancient castles.
  2. Tower Park and Aspire.
  3. Number of universities, colleges and institutes of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (Qatar Foundation).
  4. Number of sports clubs (Al Rayyan - Gharafa - Muaither - Sailiya)
  5. Many public gardens and parks.
  6. Racing and Equestrian Club.
  7. Circuit racing.

Doha zoo[edit]

Although the zoo is located in Al Rayyan, it is called Doha Zoo. According to the zoo's brochure it has over 800 specimens. Many of the animals there have large enclosures. There are some native Qatari species, including ostriches and oryx. In addition to animals there is playing ground for children and train where they can take a tour in the zoo.

Sheikh Faisal Al-Thani museum[edit]

The owner[edit]

The museum belongs to Sheikh Faisal Bin Qassim Bin Faisal Al-Thani, great great grandson of Jassim, who defeated the Ottomans in battle while in his eighties and is regarded by some as the founder of Qatar. Sheikh Faisal is a high profile and very successful businessman, and among numerous other enterprises owns the City Centre Mall, currently the largest and busiest shopping mall in Qatar.

The museum[edit]

The museum consists of five halls - an adjacent building, similar size first, stands ready for exhibits. Sheikh Faisal been collecting antiques since the 1960s, his museum has over three thousand exhibits, all beautifully presented. In addition to this large museum, estate also contains a variety of animals and game, including the rare oryx. The museum is open to all nationalities, although a permit should be obtained before visiting. The museum is divided into several sections:

Islamic art[edit]

Not limited to classic artwork, arms and armours forms a huge part of the museum's art, with spiked mogul helmets and ancient cannons on display. Also included is jewellery and woodwork.

Classic cars[edit]

This superb collection, which charts the development of cars all the way from an ancient cart to classic American saloons.

Coinage and currency[edit]

Covers all the major denominations.

Prints and manuscripts[edit]

Ancient manuscripts dating back to 11 AD showed complicated mathematical diagrams, reminding viewers that much of the basis of maths came from Arabic writers. iT contain book as wll.

Fossils[edit]

Includes dinosaur eggs, rare and strange minerals collected from the desert fossil of a dinosaur embedded in a skeleton. There's also a library of about 12,000 books and manuscripts.

Climate[edit]

As in all the cities in Qatar, Al Rayyan have a nice average temperature in the months January, February, March, November and December. However, the Hot season or summer is in April, May, June, July, August, September, October and November. Al Rayyan has dry periods in March, April, May, June, July, August, September, and October. On average, the warmest month is July and the coolest month is January. The below table shows the Records and Averages of Al Rayyan temperature.[6]

Records and Averages of Al Rayyan
Month Avg. High MAvg. Low Avg. Precip
Jan 22°C 13°C 13.4 mm
Feb 23°C 13°C 17.8 mm
Mar 27°C 17°C 15.2 mm
Apr 32°C 21°C 7.6 mm
May 38°C 25°C 2.5 mm
Jun 41°C 27°C 0.0 mm
Jul 41°C 29°C 0.0 mm
Aug 41°C 29°C 0.0 mm
Sep 38°C 26°C 0.0 mm
Oct 35°C 23°C 0.0 mm
Nov 29°C 19°C 2.5 mm
Dec 24°C 15°C 12.7 mm

Sports[edit]

Al Rayyan boasts of the Al-Rayyan Sports Club which fields teams in a number of sports such as football (soccer), basketball, volleyball, handball, and table tennis. The club, which was founded in 1967, is based at the Ahmed bin Ali Stadium. The club has won numerous titles in all sports. The stadium is a multi-purpose stadium and has a capacity of 21,282 people and has plans of expanding to 44,740 for 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Horses stables and farms[edit]

There are a number of horses stables and farms in al Rayyan.

Al-Shaqab stable[edit]

Al-Shaqab Stable It is located in Al Rayyan 10 km away from Doha. It dates back to the 20th century. It was owned by Sheikh Abdulla Bin Jassim. The stable contains a number of rooms including stables, stores and a manger for horses. This stable was restored by Qatar Museums Authority.[7]

Al Rayyan horses farm[edit]

Al Rayyan farm, which is located in Al Rayyan and owned by Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Khaled bin Hamad Al Thani, was started in 1987 with just one horse. Now it is considered to be one of the world's finest straight horse breeding programs. The farm also includes the first Embryo Transfer Clinic in Qatar.[8]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Al Rayyan is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2010". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ [6]
  8. ^ [7]