Raziel (Legacy of Kain)

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Raziel
Legacy of Kain character
Raziel in Legacy of Kain: Defiance.
First game Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver (1999)
Created by Amy Hennig
Seth Carus
Arnold Ayala[1]
Voiced by Michael Bell

Raziel is a fictional character and a main protagonist in the Legacy of Kain video game series. Introduced in 1999 as the lead and playable character of Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver, he was created by Amy Hennig, Seth Carus and Arnold Ayala of Crystal Dynamics. He reappears as the protagonist of Soul Reaver 2, and returns as a playable character alongside series eponym, Kain, in Legacy of Kain: Defiance, which closes his story arc.

Portrayed as a tragic hero, Raziel is described as an "ex-vampire" or "wraith". First appearing in Soul Reaver as one of Kain's lieutenants, he is executed after surpassing Kain, but is resurrected by The Elder God as a reaver of souls, bent on avenging himself by slaying his brethren and former master. Over the course of this journey, his history is revealed in reverse, and his motivations and loyalties gradually change as he unearths the truth behind his cyclic destiny.

Raziel's story and appearance were inspired by several influences, including the 1920 silent film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, John Milton's Paradise Lost, and the Hindu god Vishnu. Outside of the main series, he has featured in two tie-in comics, and in Crystal Dynamics' Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light. In all of his voiced appearances, he has been played by Michael Bell. Video game critics and players have reacted positively to his character, praising his design, backstory and development.

Concept and creation[edit]

The character of Raziel had a precursor in the protagonist of Shifter, a Paradise Lost-inspired game proposal worked on by Crystal Dynamics' Amy Hennig, Seth Carus and Arnold Ayala. During pre-production on Shifter, the development team was asked to adapt the project into a sequel to an earlier Crystal Dynamics-published title which Hennig and Carus had worked on—Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain—and Shifter's main character was reconceptualized as Raziel for the final product, Soul Reaver.[1][2][3] His name was derived from that of the homonymous archangel, and his early concept art was influenced by Cesare from The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.[4] Dozens of sketches were produced to shape his final design; the Hindu god Vishnu provided the basis for his blue color, and his wings were intended to evoke those of fallen angels.[1][4]

Raziel is voiced by Michael Bell in all of his appearances. In the series' fictional universe, he is described as an "ex-vampire", a "wraith", and a "devourer of souls",[1][5][6] characterized by his skeletal figure, brown cowl, tattered wings and tridactyl claws and feet. Throughout the games, he is required to consume souls to survive, travels between two planes of existence (the material and spectral realms) to solve puzzles, and wields the wraith-blade—a ghostly version of the Soul Reaver, an ancient sword inhabited by a sentient spirit.[4] The design of his human incarnation in Soul Reaver 2 was inspired by the Roman era.[7] According to Hennig, Raziel's role in the story conforms to that of a tragic hero. While writing dialogue, she considered it important to include character flaws in his personality, enabling him to act as a foil to series protagonist Kain.[3][8] In Soul Reaver, Raziel is depicted with aspects of both villainy and heroism,[9] and in Soul Reaver 2, Hennig deliberately portrayed him as "kind of a self-righteous little twit" with a lot to learn.[8]

Appearances[edit]

In video games[edit]

The vampire Raziel, who appears in the opening of Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver, was modeled and textured by artists at GlyphX[10][11]

Raziel is introduced in Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver as a vampire sired by the spiritually-corrupted despot Kain—the first of Kain's six lieutenants, and his second-in-command. He surpasses Kain, who—ostensibly motivated by jealously—condemns Raziel to death.[12] Raziel is resurrected by The Elder God, and traverses Nosgoth (the fictional setting of the series), embarking on a quest for vengeance.[13] He confronts Kain, who attacks him with his legendary blade, the Soul Reaver;[14] the Reaver mysteriously shatters when it strikes Raziel. The spirit formerly captive within the sword binds itself to Raziel, becoming his symbiotic weapon—the wraith-blade.[15] Raziel discovers that, when they were human, he and the other lieutenants were the leaders of the ancient vampire-hunting Sarafan brotherhood; Kain found their corpses and raised them, unwitting, as vampires, in a calculated act of blasphemous irony.[16] Raziel kills Kain's remaining lieutenants and tracks him down again, but is cheated of revenge when Kain activates a time machine and slips into Nosgoth's past.[17]

In Soul Reaver 2, while in pursuit of Kain, Raziel explores the past, learning more of his own history as a former member of the Sarafan, and discovering Kain's ultimate goal—to restore balance to Nosgoth.[18][19] Kain had Raziel executed in Soul Reaver in order to create a temporal paradox. By exploiting Raziel's unique free will, Kain can defy the course of history and alter time.[20][21][22] In hopes of learning more about his destiny, Raziel time travels back to the era of the Sarafan, where the ancient vampire Janos Audron gifts him the Reaver—a younger version of the Soul Reaver blade, before it housed a ravenous spirit. However, they are ambushed by the Sarafan leaders, including Raziel's former self, who slays Janos.[23] Raziel renounces his heritage by using the Reaver to kill his former comrades and his younger self, thus providing the corpses for Kain to turn into vampires in the future.[24] The Reaver then turns against Raziel, and he realizes that the entity destined to become trapped within the blade has always been him; the sword shattered against him in Soul Reaver because it could not consume its own soul.[25] Kain saves Raziel from being absorbed by the Reaver, but this causes a temporal paradox which changes Nosgoth's history for the worse, and only postpones Raziel's fate.[26]

In Legacy of Kain: Defiance, Raziel discovers that it was prophesied in the distant past that two champions would battle to decide the fate of Nosgoth.[27] Raziel seeks to revive Janos, but learns that he must kill Kain to do so.[28] Coaxed into believing that they are the champions, Raziel and Kain fight, with Raziel the victor.[29] He resurrects Janos, who enables him to enhance the wraith-blade with spiritual powers, but to little avail; Raziel is trapped by The Elder God.[30][31] While in captivity, he reaches the epiphany that he is both champions (Kain was neither); his free will allows him to determine Nosgoth's ultimate future.[32] He reflects that the Elder is the cause of all the conflict and strife throughout history, and when Kain re-emerges, alive, with the Reaver, Raziel reconciles with him and willingly surrenders to the sword.[33][34] Before his soul is consumed, he disperses the wraith-blade into Kain, simultaneously curing Kain's corruption, dooming himself to thousands of years of torment in the Reaver, and releasing his future self from that same imprisonment.[35] Kain uses the newly created Soul Reaver to battle The Elder God, and concludes that Raziel's sacrifice has offered him hope.[36]

In merchandise and promotion[edit]

Several action figures and figurines of Raziel have been created by Blue Box Interactive[37] and the NECA[38] in partnership with Eidos. He was also featured in Top Cow's promotional comics for Soul Reaver and Defiance,[39] and appears alongside Kain as a playable character in downloadable content (DLC) for 2010's Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light.[40][41]

Reception[edit]

Received positively by players and the gaming press, Raziel was praised by GameSpot's Greg Kasavin, who wrote in his review Defiance that "it's rare enough to find a truly memorable main character in a game, let alone two", and closed deeming the title "one of those rare games whose characters and story to some extent supersede the problems in the gameplay".[42] Official UK PlayStation Magazine welcomed Raziel's debut in Soul Reaver, showcasing him on the cover of issue 43; his story and in-game appearance were endorsed, and in a comparison with Tomb Raider III, his free-flowing character animation was described as making "Lara look like a glove puppet".[43]

Reviewing the Dreamcast port of Soul Reaver, IGN's Jeremy Dunham described Raziel's narrative as one of the most convincing he had ever heard,[44] echoed later in the site's review for Legacy of Kain: Defiance, which described the series' cast as "just damn good at talking like vampires, tortured souls and gods."[45] GameSpot included Soul Reaver in a 1999 list of ten computer games with the best voice acting of all time, stating about Bell that "you'd never guess that the same person carried out all those voices", and of the cast "there's not one weak link in the bunch, and together they create one of the best examples of voice acting in a game for PC or consoles."[46] In contrast, Douglass C. Perry of IGN felt Raziel's (and Kain's) dialogue in Soul Reaver 2 was overdone, stating that "overwritten text makes them sound like caffeine-imbued English students verbally jousting in their first semester in college," but liked the advancement and rebalancing of Raziel's personality and aggressiveness, and enjoyed his depiction, stating that he "looks magnificently decripid [sic]."[47]

Alongside Kain, Raziel was selected by IGN's readers as one of ten heroes most wanted to appear in the 2008 fighting game Soulcalibur IV,[48] and was ranked ninth on Electronic Gaming Monthly '​s list of top ten badass undead that same year.[49] In 2009, he was inducted into Diehard GameFAN '​s list of top ten video game vampires (dubbed as "Not A Vampire #2"),[50] and was included as one of GameSpot's 64 All Time Greatest Game Heroes (where he, however, lost in the first round of user voting elimination to Donkey Kong),[51] while Thunderbolt ranked him as ninth on their list of the top videogame antiheroes.[52]

In 2010, GamesRadar listed him as one of eight "videogame characters we'd go gay for."[53] In 2012, Houston Press listed the character's demise in Legacy of Kain: Defiance among the top five most heartbreaking video game deaths,[54] while IGN also listed Raziel and Kain among gaming's most notorious anti-heroes and "complex characters with a great backstory, and truly awesome anti-heroes, be they fighting against each other to enslave or save the world, or teaming up against greater threats."[55] That same year, GamesRadar ranked him as the 56th "most memorable, influential, and badass" protagonist in games, adding that "as pissed-off vampire antiheroes go, few wear the title as proudly as Raziel."[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hansen, Craig (January 2000). "Interview: Soul Reaver's Amy Hennig". GamerWeb Sega. Archived from the original on 2003-03-25. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  2. ^ Dyack, Denis (June 17, 2002). "Eternal Darkness Q/A Thread (Update: 6/17) (Don't expect more anytime soon) (post #23)". IGN. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  3. ^ a b Shuman, Sid (October 12, 2012). "Behind the Classics: Amy Hennig Talks Soul Reaver Secrets". PlayStation Blog. Retrieved 2012-10-22. 
  4. ^ a b c Lemarchand, Richard (October 31, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance Designer Diary #2". GameSpot. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  5. ^ Elder God: Did you think to receive the same favors after your rebellion as before? No, Raziel. I have no need for you to enter the physical world, so no conduit will be granted. You serve me adequately as a wraith, and a wraith you will remain. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  6. ^ Elder God: You are changed. Your blood-thirst is replaced by a deeper need – you have become a devourer of souls. To sustain your strength, you must hunt the lost spirits of the Underworld, and consume the souls of your enemies. Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  7. ^ Cabuco, Daniel. "Sarafan Raziel concept art". Spectraljin. Archived from the original on 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  8. ^ a b Perry, Douglass C. (May 10, 2000). "Soul Reaver 2: Director's Interview - PlayStation 2 Feature". IGN. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  9. ^ Davison, John; Rybicki, Joe (September 2000). "Official U.S. PlayStation Magazine" (36). 
  10. ^ Lake, Boyd (2011). "Gallery". Boyd Lake. Retrieved 2012-10-26. 
  11. ^ Lake, Boyd. "Boyd Lake's artwork". Boyd Lake. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  12. ^ Raziel: I am Raziel, first-born of His lieutenants. I stood with Kain and my brethren at the dawn of the empire. I have served Him a millennium. Over time, we became less human and more... divine. Kain would enter the state of change and emerge with a new gift. Some years after the master, our evolution would follow. Until I had the honor of surpassing my lord. For my transgression, I earned a new kind of reward... agony. There was only one possible outcome – my eternal damnation. I, Raziel, was to suffer the fate of traitors and weaklings – to burn forever in the bowels of the Lake of the Dead. Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  13. ^ Elder God: You are reborn. The birth of one of Kain's abominations traps the essence of life. It is this soul that animates the corpse you 'lived' in. And that Raziel, is the demise of Nosgoth. There is no balance. The souls of the dead remain trapped. I can not spin them in the wheel of fate. They can not complete their destinies. Redeem yourself. Or if you prefer, avenge yourself. Settle your dispute with Kain. Destroy Him and your brethren. Free their souls and let the wheel of fate churn again. Use your hatred to reave their souls... I can make it possible. Become my soul reaver, my angel of death... Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  14. ^ Raziel: The Soul Reaver, Kain's ancient blade – older than any of us, and a thousand times more deadly. The legends claimed that the blade was possessed, and thrived by devouring the souls of its victims. For all our bravado, we knew what it meant when Kain drew the Soul Reaver in anger – it meant you were dead. Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  15. ^ Elder God: From this moment and ever afterward, you and this blade are inextricably bound. Soul Reaver and reaver of souls, your destinies are intertwined. By destroying the sword, you have liberated it from its corporeal prison, and restored it to its true form – a wraith blade, its energy unbound. No longer a physical blade, it can only manifest itself in the material realm when your strength is fully restored. Once manifest, it will sustain you. Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  16. ^ Raziel: These crypts... defiled caskets of Sarafan saints... bearing my brothers' names... And my own... The irony of Kain's blasphemous act rushed in on me with the crushing force of revelation.... Were my hands not as bloody as these? Worse, I had spilled the blood of my brothers – these very comrades whose tombs lay ravaged before me. / Elder God: Yes, Raziel – you were Sarafan... born of the same force that all but destroyed your race. Before the dawn of the Empire, you were chosen. Kain – Nosgoth's solitary, self-declared monarch – plundered this tomb and raised you from these crypts. Breathing his vampiric gift into your defiled corpses, he resurrected you as his favored sons. Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  17. ^ Kain: You nearly had me, Raziel... But this is not where – or how – it ends. Fate promises more twists before this drama unfolds completely. / Elder God: Be warned, Raziel – once you cross this threshold, you are beyond my influence... / Moebius: Raziel... Redeemer and destroyer... pawn and messiah. Welcome, time-spanned soul... Welcome... to your destiny... Crystal Dynamics (August 16, 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver". PlayStation. Eidos Interactive. 
  18. ^ Raziel: For the first time, I beheld the image of my Sarafan self, memorialized here among my fallen comrades. It tortured me to see how noble and pure I had been – and what a vile phantasm I had become. And a profound sense of injury – of loss and betrayal – welled up in me, so overwhelming I could barely contain it. All I wanted at this moment was to find Kain, and destroy him. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  19. ^ Kain: If you truly believe in free will, Raziel, now is the time to prove it. Kill me now, and we both become pawns of history, dragged down the path of an artificial destiny. I was ordained to assume the role of Balance Guardian in Nosgoth, while you were destined to be its savior. But the map of my fate was redrawn by Moebius, and so in turn was yours... Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  20. ^ Kain: All but one. Because of your re-making, you are the one unbound creature, the one among us all that truly has free will. You have a choice, Raziel – Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  21. ^ Fernádez, Jen; Lemarchand, Richard; Mannerberg, Kyle. "Question and Answer with Jen, Richard, and Kyle". The Lost Worlds. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  22. ^ Kain: History abhors a paradox, Raziel. Even now, the time-stream strains to divert itself, finding its old course blocked by your refusal to destroy me. The future is reshuffling itself to accommodate your monumental decision. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  23. ^ Raziel: I would pursue the Sarafan dogs to their loathsome fortress, and avenge Janos Audron's murder. Moebius would pay dearly for his treachery, and my Sarafan brethren would reap the horrors they had sown. I would retake the stolen Reaver, which was rightfully mine. And finally, when all these debts had been paid, I would reclaim Janos Audron's heart from their filthy, unworthy hands. If the heart was truly imbued with the power to restore vampiric unlife, its highest purpose was clear to me... I would restore the heart to Janos, and thus undo the vile crime committed by my abominable former self. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  24. ^ Raziel: My former brethren Dumah and Rahab confronted me next – this all seemed so elegantly choreographed. Exhilarated by the Reaver, I was drunk with revelations... I could finally appreciate the delicious irony of Kain's blasphemous, private joke – and I reveled as I colluded with him across the centuries. For it was I who put these bastards in their tomb – thus providing the corpses for Kain to raise as his vampire sons a millennium from now. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  25. ^ Raziel: With all other foes exhausted, the conjoined blades turned themselves on me. And I realized, finally, why I had sensed nothing when Janos offered me the blade. The Reaver was never forged to be a soul-stealing weapon... the ravenous, soul-devouring entity trapped in the blade was – and always had been – me. This is why the blade was destroyed when Kain tried to strike me down – the Reaver could not devour its own soul. The paradox shattered the blade. So – this was my terrible destiny – to play out this purgatorial cycle for all eternity... I could not bear it – despair overwhelmed me. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  26. ^ Raziel: Behind Kain's eyes, I could see new memories blooming and dying, as history labored to reshuffle itself around this monumental obstruction... And I could see by the dawning horror on his face that perhaps we had strained history too far this time... that by trying to alter my fate, he may have introduced a fatal paradox. Crystal Dynamics (October 31, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  27. ^ Kain: Here, no doubt, was the evidence Moebius wished me to have... For the Vampires had prophesied not one, but two champions – one destined to be Nosgoth's redeemer, the other, its destroyer. The Vampires' hero wielded the Reaver, forged for this very purpose. His opponent was clearly the hero of their adversaries – the Hylden – and brandished a flaming sword. The foretold outcome was unambiguous: the Vampire hero would fall. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  28. ^ Raziel: Kain. You used the Heart of Darkness to create Kain. / Mortanius: How else? I refused at first to believe the ancient myths. I thought the vampires were simply a plague upon mankind, a pestilence we had to control. But they were right, and we were wrong to overthrow them - Moebius and I. We didn't understand what it was the Pillars were holding back. I have made my atonement. I will continue to make it to the end, which will be soon, now. But I know - Kain will set it right, he will restore Balance — Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  29. ^ Raziel: And will that knowledge sustain you? You too are going to your death. / Moebius: For a true servant of the one God, death is never bitter. I will go – again at peace with the knowledge that I have played my small part in our master's plans. Kain is at last destroyed, and you have carried out the deed. Which hero do you think you are now? The vampire savior? Or the other one? Have you realized yet that it didn't matter to us which one either of you thought you were, so long as the result was the same in the end? And now, Kain is dead. Really, I cannot thank you enough. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  30. ^ Janos: This token is the key to the mysteries you seek. I cannot accompany you; you must face this trial alone. If you prevail, you will have your answers. / Raziel: And if I fail the test? / Janos: Then you will not return. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  31. ^ Ariel: Yes, Raziel – yet I am much more than I was. The veil is lifted from my sight. My spirit, united with the souls of my predecessors, is drawn here now for the final baptism of the blade. To restore Balance, the sword must be rendered pure by Spirit. Release me, Raziel – the Soul Reaver has the power. Release us all. For this we were called. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  32. ^ Hennig, Amy. "Question and Answer with Amy Hennig". The Lost Worlds. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  33. ^ Raziel: All the conflict and strife throughout history, all the fear and hatred, served but one purpose - to keep my master's Wheel turning. All souls were prisoners, trapped in the pointless round of existence, leading distracted, blunted lives until death returned them - always in ignorance - to the Wheel. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  34. ^ Raziel: The Soul Reaver – pure of all corruption – this is what it is for. This is what I am for – The two become one – both Soul Reavers – together – and the Scion of Balance is healed. And I – am not your enemy – not your destroyer – I am, as before, your right hand. Your sword. / Kain: No, Raziel – this can't be the way... / Raziel: And now you will see – the true enemy – Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  35. ^ Bruno, Christopher. "Answers to questions from the Defiance team". Eidos Interactive. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  36. ^ Kain: Now, at last, the masks had fallen away. The strings of the puppets had become visible, and the hands of the prime mover exposed. Most ironic of all was the last gift that Raziel had given me, more powerful than the sword that now held his soul, more acute even than the vision his sacrifice had accorded me – the first bitter taste of that terrible illusion: Hope. Crystal Dynamics (November 11, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance". PlayStation 2. Eidos Interactive. 
  37. ^ Gerardi, Dave (April 2001). "Pixel properties". Playthings (Reed Business Information) 99 (4). 53. ISSN 0032-1567. 
  38. ^ Pelaez, Jorge. "REVIEW: NECA's Player Select RAZIEL". Figures.com. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  39. ^ "Legacy of Kain comics". Top Cow. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-16. [dead link]
  40. ^ Gilbert, Ben. "Kane & Lynch and Kain & Raziel buddy up in Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light DLC". Joystiq. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  41. ^ McWhertor, Michael. "Kane and Lynch and Kain and Raziel and the Guardian of Light". Kotaku. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  42. ^ Kasavin, Greg (December 19, 2003). "Legacy of Kain: Defiance Review". GameSpot. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  43. ^ Griffiths, Daniel (March 1999). "Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver Review". Official UK PlayStation Magazine (43): 82–87. 
  44. ^ "Legacy Of Kain: Soul Reaver Review". IGN. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  45. ^ Perry, Douglass (December 18, 2003). "Legacy Of Kain: Defiance Review". IGN. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  46. ^ Cheung, James. "The Best Voice Acting in Games". GameSpot. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  47. ^ Perry, Douglass (November 2, 2001). "Soul Reaver 2 Review". IGN. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  48. ^ Schedeen, Jesse (2008-06-01). "Readers' Choice: Soulcalibur Fighters". IGN. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  49. ^ Sharkey, Scott (October 2008). "EGM's Top Ten Badass Undead: Thriller Night". Electronic Gaming Monthly (223): 106. 
  50. ^ Lucard, Alex (2009-12-10). "Top Ten Video Game Vampires!". Diehard GameFAN. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
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  52. ^ Gage, Terence (April 24, 2009). "The Top 10 Videogame Anti-heroes". Thunderbolt. Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  53. ^ Sterling, Jim (July 23, 2010). "Videogame characters we'd go gay for". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  54. ^ Rouner, Jef (January 4, 2012). "Top 5 Most Heartbreaking Video Game Deaths". Houston Press. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  55. ^ Gaming's Most Notorious Anti-Heroes, IGN, March 5, 2012
  56. ^ 100 best heroes in video games, GamesRadar, October 19, 2012